ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 2017, Vol. 49 ›› Issue (8): 1031-1040.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2017.01031

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 语音反应方式下情绪效价对空间Simon效应的影响

 宋晓蕾1;  张俊婷1;  石 杰2;  游旭群1   

  1.  (1陕西师范大学心理学院; 陕西省行为与认知神经科学重点实验室, 西安 710062) (2山东师范大学历山学院, 青州 262501)
  • 收稿日期:2016-09-26 出版日期:2017-08-25 发布日期:2017-06-25
  • 通讯作者: 游旭群, E-mail: youxuqun@snnu.edu.cn; 宋晓蕾, E-mail: songxiaolei@snnu.edu.cn E-mail: E-mail: youxuqun@snnu.edu.cn; E-mail: songxiaolei@snnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
     国家自然科学基金面上项目(31671147), 陕西师范大学理工科中央高校课题研究项目(GK201703087), 陕西师范大学教师教育研究专项资助(JSJY2015J018)。

 Influence of emotional valence on the spatial simon effect under the vocal response mode

 SONG Xiaolei; ZHANG Junting; SHI Jie; YOU Xuqun   

  1.  (School of Psychology, Shaanxi Normal University; Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Behavior and Cognitive Neuroscience, Xi’an 710062, China)
  • Received:2016-09-26 Online:2017-08-25 Published:2017-06-25
  • Contact: YOU Xuqun, E-mail: youxuqun@snnu.edu.cn; SONG Xiaolei, E-mail: songxiaolei@snnu.edu.cn E-mail: E-mail: youxuqun@snnu.edu.cn; E-mail: songxiaolei@snnu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
     

摘要:  通过3个实验考察语音反应方式下情绪效价对空间Simon效应的影响。实验1采用空间Simon任务范式考察语音反应方式下空间Simon效应的存在; 实验2增加刺激的情绪效价维度, 采用同样任务考察无关情绪效价对空间Simon效应的影响; 实验3在实验2基础上进一步探讨当情绪效价为相关维度时对空间Simon效应的影响。研究结果表明:语音反应方式下, 只有当情绪效价为相关维度时, 才会对空间Simon效应产生影响, 且该影响主要表现在积极效价对认知控制的促进作用而导致空间Simon效应减小或消失, 此结果与极性编码一致性假说一致, 也拓宽了躯体特异性假说, 扩展了以往对情绪影响空间认知的理解。

关键词:  空间Simon效应, 语音反应, 情绪效价, 极性一致性编码, 躯体特异性假说

Abstract:  Spatial Simon effect reflects the preference of spatial congruence of stimulus and response location on the information processing when participants respond to a non-spatial stimulus feature, and the emotional valence, among others, may have some influence on this kind of process. Two theories, in which the association of emotional valence and spatial cognition has been inquired in the recent decades, are the body-specificity hypothesis and the polarity coding correspondence. According to the former, people associate positive entities with the dominant hand, or the space surrounding the dominant hand, and negative entities with the space surrounding the non-dominant hand. For the right-handers, they may have the association of good/right and bad/left. Therefore, the valence of the stimulus may have some influence on the spatial Simon effect when the stimulus presented to the left and right side of the screen. While, according to the latter, when the valence of stimulus and response are coded as the same polarity, participants can respond more quickly, and this promoting effect only exists for positive entities. In the present study, three experiments were conducted to demonstrate the influence of emotional valence on spatial Simon effect under the vocal response conditions. Participants are all right-handers in these experiments. In experiment 1, the classic Simon paradigm variants were used and participants were also asked to carry on a standard Simon task under the vocal response conditions, in order to verify the existence of the spatial Simon effect. Similar to experiment 1, except the stimuli were changed to some brief strokes of facial emotional pictures, experiment 2 was to examine whether irrelevant emotional valence had some influence on the spatial Simon effect. The aim of experiment 3 was to explore whether the relevant emotional valence of stimuli had some influence on the spatial Simon effect. The dependent variables, across all the above experiments, are the response time and accuracy rate. As a result, the experiment 1 confirmed the existence of spatial Simon effect under the vocal response condition, and in Experiment 2, the spatial Simon effect still emerged, which means that the effect was not influenced by the irrelevant emotional valence. In experiment 3, more informatively, the relevant emotional valence had certain influence on the spatial Simon effect, especially for positive items, the spatial Simon effect disappeared for positive items but still emerged significantly for the negative items. In order to further clarify the mechanism behind this influence and explicit the role of the association of good/ right and bad/left and polarity coding correspondence, we conducted a combination analysis of 2 (space/valence mapping: mapping, un-mapping) × 2 (emotional valence: positive, negative) × 2 (correspondence: correspondence, non-correspondence), the result showed that, in the mapping group, the correspondence responses were significantly faster than the non-correspondence, while in un-mapping group, the spatial Simon effect reversed, i.e., the non-correspondence responses were significantly faster than the correspondences. In conclusion, it can be concluded that the spatial Simon effect has not been disrupted by any different response ways; Emotional valence has some influence on spatial Simon effect when the emotional features are relevant to the response selections, which can be explained by the polarity-coding correspondence theory, and also partially in consistent with the body-specificity hypothesis.

Key words:  spatial Simon effect, vocal response, emotional valence, polarity correspondence coding, body- specificity hypothesis

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