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心理学报
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善因营销的捐赠水平与消费者态度:一个有中介的调节效应模型检验
江若尘1,2; 郑 玲1
(1上海财经大学国际工商管理学院; 2上海财经大学上海发展研究院, 上海 200433)
Donation amount and consumer attitudes in cause-related marketing: Test of a mediated-moderation model
JIANG Ruochen1,2; ZHENG Ling1
(1 School of International Business Administration, Shanghai University of Finance & Economics, Shanghai 200433, China) (2 School of Shanghai Development, Shanghai University of Finance & Economics, Shanghai 200433, China)
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摘要 

通过两个实验, 探讨了善因营销的捐赠水平对消费者态度的影响, 尤其是考察了道德提升感的中介作用以及产品−公益事业拟合度的调节作用。研究发现, 善因营销的捐赠水平对消费者态度有显著的正向影响, 且道德提升感在捐赠水平与消费者态度之间起中介作用。与此同时, 产品−公益事业拟合度显著地调节了捐赠水平与道德提升感的关系, 且该调节关系通过道德提升感的中介作用来进一步影响消费者态度。

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江若尘
郑玲
关键词 善因营销 捐赠水平 道德提升感 消费者态度 产品−公益事业拟合度    
Abstract

Different from the other corporate social responsibilities, cause-related marketing (CRM) links product sales to contribution to the cause. Thus, it is important for marketers to design their CRM campaigns carefully, and then improve consumer attitudes. An increasing number of researchers have examined the positive effect of CRM. This study focused on the impact of donation amount on consumer attitudes, as well as the mediating effect of moral elevation and the boundary condition (product-cause fit). We conducted two experiments to examine whether and how donation amount influences consumer attitudes. Eighty-nine undergraduate students from Xiangtan University participated in Study 1, and were randomly assigned to one of two conditions (low donation amount vs. high donation amount). In Study 2, we had a 2 (donation amount: low vs. high) × 2 (fit: low vs. high) between-subjects design. One hundred and seventy-nine undergraduate students from Xiangtan University participated in Study 2, and were randomly assigned to one of four conditions. In the low- (high-) amount condition, participants were told that “0.1% (5%) of the sales of this product will be donated to the China Foundation for Poverty Alleviation (CFPA)”. Participants in the low- (high-) fit condition were told that “CFPA will use the money to help providing school supplies (water purification facilities) to the children in China’s poor areas”. All of the variables were measured by using 5-point Likert scales, including purchase intentions, moral elevation, perceived product-cause fit, and the control variables. All of the Cronbach’s alpha coefficients for the three factors of moral elevation were greater than 0.70. Results revealed that: (1) Donation amount had a significant positive effect on consumer attitudes; (2) moral elevation mediated the relationship between donation amount and consumer attitudes; (3) the positive effect of donation amount on consumer attitudes was greater when product-cause fit was high; (4) the moderating effect of product-cause fit was mediated by enhanced moral elevation. In summary, these findings provide support for our hypotheses, and theoretically enrich and advance the existing literature on the positive effect of CRM through a new underlying mechanism. Based on these findings, marketers should be more aware of the important role of eliciting consumers' moral elevation in the process of designing their CRM campaigns. In addition, product-cause fit is also an important boundary condition for the positive effect of donation amount on consumer attitudes. Thus, marketers should select high-fit causes to improve consumers' attribution of company motive, and then their moral elevation.

Key wordscause-related marketing (CRM)    donation amount    moral elevation    consumer attitudes    product-cause fit
收稿日期: 2016-07-14      出版日期: 2017-05-25
基金资助:

国家社会科学基金项目(11BGL049); 上海财经大学2014年研究生创新基金资助项目(CXJJ-2014-359)。

通讯作者: 郑玲, E-mail: zhengyaling123@126.com   
引用本文:   
江若尘;郑玲. 善因营销的捐赠水平与消费者态度:一个有中介的调节效应模型检验[J]. 心理学报, 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2017.00692.
JIANG Ruochen; ZHENG Ling. Donation amount and consumer attitudes in cause-related marketing: Test of a mediated-moderation model. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2017, 49(5): 692-698.
链接本文:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/CN/10.3724/SP.J.1041.2017.00692      或      http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/CN/Y2017/V49/I5/692
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