Please wait a minute...
心理学报
  论文 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
藏语阅读知觉广度的眼动研究
白学军1; 高晓雷1,2; 高 蕾2; 王永胜1
(1教育部人文社会科学重点研究基地天津师范大学心理与行为研究院, 天津 300074) (2西藏大学师范学院, 拉萨 850000)
An eye movement study on the perceptual span in reading Tibetan language
BAI Xuejun1; GAO Xiaolei1,2; GAO Lei2; WANG Yongsheng1
(1 Key Research Base of Humanities and Social Sciences of Ministry of Education, Academy of Psychology and Behavior, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin 300074, China) (2 Normal College of Tibet University, Lhasa 850000, China)
全文: PDF(369 KB)   评审附件 (1 KB) 
输出: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      
摘要 

不同语体阅读知觉广度的研究由来已久, 研究重心多集中于拼音文字和表意文字, 已有研究表明阅读知觉广度存在语言加工的特异性。藏语作为拼音文字, 同时具有表意文字的特征, 是阅读知觉广度研究尚未涉及的语言材料。因此, 藏语阅读知觉广度的范围尚不清楚, 藏语阅读知觉广度是否也表现出语言加工的特异性也有待证实。为了探测藏语阅读知觉广度的大小, 使用EyeLink 1000 Plus型眼动记录仪, 以35名在校藏族大学生为被试, 采用经典的移动窗口范式, 设计了7种窗口(5、9、13、17、21、25和整行)。结果发现, L2R2-L12R12在所有指标的观测值上均存在显著差异, L4R4-L12R12在总注视次数、总注视时间和向右眼跳幅度三个指标的观测值上存在显著差异, L6R6-L12R12在向右眼跳幅度指标的观测值上存在显著差异, L8R8-L12R12在所有指标的观测值上均不存在显著差异, 达到了基准水平。结果支持藏族大学生藏语阅读知觉广度的右侧范围大约是注视点右侧4~8个字符的空间。阅读知觉广度存在语言加工的特异性。

服务
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章
白学军
高晓雷
高蕾
王永胜
关键词 藏语 知觉广度 移动窗口范式 眼动    
Abstract

Perceptual span in reading refers to the range of useful information that can be obtained from each fixation of the reader during the reading process. Perception span is not only a basic question in reading research, but also is a problem with an important practical value. The divergence of the perceptual span in reading can effectively reflect the efficiency and the processing strategy for reading across individual readers. Perceptual span is an important component of language processing, which varies to characteristics of the languages themselves. The exploration of the perceptual span of phonetic characters and Chinese reading has been completed by a lot of researches until recently. However, the attribute of perceptual span in reading of the Tibetan language which is alphabetic writing and at the same time has the characteristics of ideograms remains largely unclear. The moving window paradigm proposed by McConkie and Rayner (1975) is one of commonly used methods in reading perceptual span studies. In order to probe the size of perceptual span in reading Tibetan language, the present study recruited 35 Tibetan university students as participants, and instructed them to complete the reading task which was presented using the classic moving window paradigm including 7 kinds of window (5, 9, 13, 17, 21, 25, and the entire line), in this process the EyeLink1000Plus eye tracker was applied to trace the eye movement during reading. Corresponding to the previous studies, this study took the average fixation time, fixation times, total fixation time, reading speed, and the jump magnitude to the right as the analysis index. The variance analysis of repeated measures was used to measure the window variables. The results of variance analysis showed that, with the increase of overall trend window, the average fixation time, total fixation times, and total fixation time decreased, but the reading speed and the right eye jump amplitude increased. In order to determine whether the set of the maximum window conditions are valid, two kinds of comparisons were carried out. First, the maximum window condition and the condition of the whole line were compared. It showed that the maximum window condition did not affect reading, thus the maximum window condition was set to be appropriate. Second, in order to determine the right side scope of perceptual span in reading, the conditions of L2R2, L4R4, L6R6, L8R8, L10R10 and the condition of L12R12 were compared. The result showed that when the time windows were increased to L8R8, the reading would not be disturbed. For conclusion, the data of the present study suggested that the Tibetan language perceptual span of Tibetan college students was 4~8 character spaces to the right of the fixation. Compared with other languages, the Tibetan language obtains different stylistic features, and the range of perceptual span of reading is also of difference. Together, the present study provides evidence for that the reading perceptual span the Tibetan language exist specificity during language processing.

Key wordsTibetan language    perceptual span    moving window paradigm    eye movement
收稿日期: 2016-04-26      出版日期: 2017-05-25
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金项目(81471629)、国家万人计划领军人才项目、全国文化名家暨“四个一批”人才工程项目和2016年西藏自治区高校青年教师创新支持计划项目“藏语阅读知觉广度及其影响因素—来自眼动研究的证据” (QCR2016-10)资助。

通讯作者: 白学军, E-mail: bxuejun@126.com; 高晓雷, E-mail: gaoxiaolei2010@163.com   
引用本文:   
白学军;高晓雷;高蕾;王永胜. 藏语阅读知觉广度的眼动研究[J]. 心理学报, 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2017.00569.
BAI Xuejun; GAO Xiaolei; GAO Lei; WANG Yongsheng. An eye movement study on the perceptual span in reading Tibetan language. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2017, 49(5): 569-576.
链接本文:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/CN/10.3724/SP.J.1041.2017.00569      或      http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/CN/Y2017/V49/I5/569
[1] 刘志方, 张智君, 潘运, 仝文, 苏衡.  中文阅读中预视阶段和注视阶段内词汇视觉编码 的过程特点:来自消失文本的证据[J]. 心理学报, 2017, 49(7): 853-865.
[2] 梁菲菲;王永胜;杨文;白学军. 阅读水平调节儿童阅读眼动注视模式的发展:基于9~11岁儿童的证据[J]. 心理学报, 2017, 49(4): 450-459.
[3] 孙俊才; 石荣. 哭泣表情面孔的注意偏向:眼动的证据[J]. 心理学报, 2017, 49(2): 155-163.
[4] 刘志方;张智君;杨桂芳. 中文阅读中的字词激活模式:来自提示词边界延时效应的证据[J]. 心理学报, 2016, 48(9): 1082-1092.
[5] 苏衡;刘志方;曹立人. 中文阅读预视加工中的词频和预测性效应及其对词切分的启示:基于眼动的证据[J]. 心理学报, 2016, 48(6): 625-636.
[6] 王福兴;侯秀娟;段朝辉;刘华山;李卉. 中国象棋经验棋手与新手的知觉差异:来自眼动的证据[J]. 心理学报, 2016, 48(5): 457-471.
[7] 王福兴;李文静;颜志强;段朝辉;李卉. 幼儿对威胁性刺激蛇的注意觉察:来自眼动证据[J]. 心理学报, 2015, 47(6): 774-786.
[8] 闫国利;刘妮娜;梁菲菲;刘志方;白学军. 中文读者词汇视觉信息获取速度的发展 ——来自消失文本的证据[J]. 心理学报, 2015, 47(3): 300-318.
[9] 王福兴;段朝辉;周宗奎;陈珺. 邻近效应对多媒体学习中图文整合的影响:线索的作用[J]. 心理学报, 2015, 47(2): 224-233.
[10] 陈双;陈黎静;杨晓虹;杨玉芳. 语篇背景在语义整合中的作用[J]. 心理学报, 2015, 47(2): 167-175.
[11] 陈洁彬;鲁忠义. 路径转弯对语篇空间情境模型建构的影响[J]. 心理学报, 2015, 47(2): 176-189.
[12] 白学军;王永胜;郭志英;高晓雷;闫国利. 汉语阅读中词N+2的预视对高频词N+1 加工影响的眼动研究[J]. 心理学报, 2015, 47(2): 143-156.
[13] 徐建平;陈基越;张伟;李文雅;盛毓. 应聘者在人格测验中作假的反应过程:基于工作赞许性的眼动证据[J]. 心理学报, 2015, 47(11): 1395-1404.
[14] 寇慧;苏艳华;罗小春;陈红. 相貌负面身体自我女性对相貌词的注意偏向眼动的证据[J]. 心理学报, 2015, 47(10): 1213-1222.
[15] 汪海彬;卢家楣;姚本先;桑青松;陈宁;唐晓晨. 职前教师情绪复杂性对情绪面孔加工的影响 ——来自行为、ERP和眼动的证据[J]. 心理学报, 2015, 47(1): 50-65.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
版权所有 © 《心理学报》编辑部
本系统由北京玛格泰克科技发展有限公司设计开发  技术支持:support@magtech.com.cn