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心理学报
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运动技能水平与躯体感觉输入对运动表象的影响
张兰兰1; 沈 诚1; 朱 桦1; 李雪佩1; 戴 雯1; 吴 殷2; 张 剑1
(1上海体育学院运动科学学院) (2上海体育学院经济与管理学院, 上海 200438)
The effects of motor skill level and somatosensory input on motor imagery: An fMRI study on basketball free shot
ZHANG Lanlan1; SHEN Cheng1; ZHU Hua1; LI Xuepei1; DAI Wen1; WU Yin2; ZHANG Jian1
(1 School of Kinesiology, Shanghai University of Sport, Shanghai 200438, China) (2 School of Economics and Management, Shanghai University Of Sport, Shanghai 200438, China)
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摘要 

运动表象质量与运动技能水平有关, 运动表象质量随着运动技能水平的提高而上升。器械使用可使人脑产生可塑性改变, 使用者会将器械纳入身体图式。然而, 两者影响运动表象的神经心理机制还不清楚。本研究采用功能性磁共振成像探析篮球运动员与新手在不同持球条件下表象投篮时脑功能活动的差异。结果表明运动员表象质量较好, 镜像神经系统激活高于新手; 持球条件下运动员表象质量显著高于不持球条件下, 镜像神经系统激活程度显著低于不持球条件下。研究说明持器械可以显著提高运动员的表象质量, 器械使用带来镜像神经系统的可塑性变化。

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张兰兰
沈诚
朱桦
李雪佩
戴雯
吴殷
张剑
关键词 运动技能水平 躯体感觉输入 运动表象 镜像神经系统 功能性磁共振成像    
Abstract

The behavioral performance and neural responses of imagining a motor task may be different in individuals with different motor skill levels. Utilization of special instrument induces plastic changes in the brain in the way that tool users combine the tool in their body schema. However, the neural correlates underlying these effects are still not clear. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), we investigated the effects of motor skill level and somatosensory input on motor imagery. We tested 12 basketball players and 12 novices when they performed kinesthetic motor imagery of basketball free shot under with-ball and without-ball conditions. Motor imagery duration was calculated. Motor imagery strategy and quality were measured with self-evaluation questionnaires. Field training was implemented and the physical performance of the task was recorded before the main experiment. The time difference between the duration for motor imagery and physical performance was smaller in basketball players than that in novices. The motor imagery strategy scores with self-evaluation questionnaire were same in two groups, indicating that all participants performed kinesthetic imagery successfully. The general kinesthetic and visual imagery abilities between groups showed no significant differences whereas basketball players showed better kinesthetic imagery quality for free shot movements. The scores for the quality of both kinesthetic and visual imagery were higher under with-ball than that under without-ball condition in both groups, suggesting that participants in both groups performed better motor imagery under with-ball condition. fMRI analysis revealed (1) basketball players showed greater mirror neuron system activation relative to novices; (2) the activation of mirror neuron system in basketball players were lower in with-ball compared to without-ball condition. Moreover, the activity of right inferior frontal gyrus was negatively correlated with the self-evaluated kinesthetic imagery scores only for the basketball players. We conclude that better motor imagery is related to higher level motor skill. The application of task- specific instrument may be required for this facilitation effect. Utilization of special instrument induces plastic changes in mirror neuron system. The findings may provide evidence for the implication of motor imagery with utilization of specific instrument in the promotion of motor skill.

Key wordsmotor skill level    somatosensory input    motor imagery    mirror neuron system    functional magnetic resonance imaging
收稿日期: 2016-01-18      出版日期: 2017-03-25
基金资助:

上海体育学院研究生教育创新基金(yjscx2015022); 上海体育学院境外访学项目(stfx20160103); 国家自然科学基金(31371056, 31470051); 上海市人类运动能力开发与保障重点实验室(上海体育学院, No.11DZ2261100)。

通讯作者: 张剑, E-mail: zhangjian@sus.edu.cn    
引用本文:   
张兰兰;沈诚;朱桦;李雪佩;戴雯;吴殷;张剑. 运动技能水平与躯体感觉输入对运动表象的影响[J]. 心理学报, 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2017.00307.
ZHANG Lanlan; SHEN Cheng; ZHU Hua; LI Xuepei; DAI Wen;WU Yin; ZHANG Jian. The effects of motor skill level and somatosensory input on motor imagery: An fMRI study on basketball free shot. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2017, 49(3): 307-316.
链接本文:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/CN/10.3724/SP.J.1041.2017.00307      或      http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/CN/Y2017/V49/I3/307
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