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心理学报
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义符启动范式下义符的语义和语法激活的时间进程
张积家1; 章玉祉1,2
(1中国人民大学心理学系、教育部民族教育发展中心民族心理与教育重点研究基地, 北京 100872) (2广东技术师范学院心理健康教育与咨询中心, 广州 510665)
The time course of semantic radical’s semantic and syntax activation under radical priming paradigm
ZHANG Jijia1; ZHANG Yuzhi1,2
(1 Department of Psychology, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China) (2 Mental Health Education and Counseling Center, Guangdong Polytechnic Normal University, Guangzhou 510665, China)
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摘要 

采用义符启动范式, 探讨义符的语义、语法信息的激活进程。结果表明, 就义符总体而言, 义符的语义激活从启动早期一直持续到启动晚期, 义符的语法信息未见有激活。然而, 对不成字义符和成字义符分析发现, 不成字义符和成字义符的语义、语法激活存在着差异。不成字义符的语义激活只在启动中期出现, 语法信息则未见有激活; 成字义符的语义信息一直处于激活状态, 并且在启动晚期, 语法信息也得到了激活。义符的语义、语法信息的激活进程和顺序是由义符的功能决定的。

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关键词 义符启动语义 语法 激活进程    
Abstract

Semantic radical is an important component of phonogram, which indicates the meaning of the whole character. Semantic radical is also an important entry point for phonogram sublexical processing. Over years, researchers have semantic radical’s two important functions——the semantic and syntactic features in depth discussions. It was found that, in semantics, semantic radical can impact the extraction of Chinese characters’ category meaning, defined feature meaning and action verb meaning; in syntax, the survey found that 90 percent of semantic radicals have obvious syntactic tendency, semantic radical in Chinese noun and verb classification plays an important role. The present study improves semantic radical cognitive work in two aspects. First, previous research just focus on semantic radical’s one function (semantic or syntax), but the present study attempts to comprehensive explore the time course of the two function. Second, previous research used character priming paradigm, which couldn’t separate character’s or radical’s effect clearly, so the present study replace the character priming for semantic radical priming. In short, the present research uses radical priming paradigm to explore the time course of semantic radical’s semantic and syntax activation. The present study uses 2 (priming type) × 3 (character type) × 3 (SOA) mixed experiment design, priming type and SOA are between–subject variable, character type is within–subject variable. Priming type includes two kinds: radical priming and sign (***) priming; character type shows the semantic and syntax relation between character and its semantic radical, which includes three kinds, S+G+, S+G−, S−G+. S+G+ character type means the character and its semantic radical have similar meaning and the same syntax type, for example, in semantic, radical “讠” indicate something related to word or talking; in syntax, it means verb tendency, because more than 50% character including radical “讠” are verbs. So, under “讠” priming, “说” is S+G+ type,“语” is S+G– type, “让” is S−G+ type. SOA include 3types, 57 ms、157 ms and 314 ms. The experiment logic is: if the radical priming is valid, then there will be significant difference between radical priming and sign priming. Under this premise, we use S+G+ as control condition, and compare S−G+ and S+G− with control condition under different SOA, if reaction time is significant different between S−G+ and S+G+ or between S+G− and S+G+, it could be inferred that semantic radical’s semantic or syntax information was activated. Experiment result shows that: for the whole semantic radical, its semantic information is activating from soa57 to soa314, but its syntax information is not activated through the whole priming time. But further analysis shows there exists different result between character radical (the radical could be a character by its own, such as “ ”) and non character radical (the radical couldn’t be a character by its own, such as “讠”). For the non character radical, its semantic information just activated in soa157, and its syntax information didn’t activate through the whole priming time. For the character radical, its semantic information activated through the whole priming time, and syntax information also activated in soa 314. The result indicates that: character radical and non character radical have different mental representation and the semantic and syntax activation time course, which was determined by semantic radical’s function.

Key wordsradical priming    semantic radical’s semantic    semantic radical’s syntax    activation time course
收稿日期: 2016-04-27      出版日期: 2016-09-25
基金资助:

中国人民大学科学研究基金(中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助)项目成果(项目批准号:14XNLQ05); 2015年广东省教育厅青年创新人才类项目(项目批准号:2015WQNCX087)。

通讯作者: 张积家, E-mail: Zhangjj1955@163.com    
引用本文:   
张积家;章玉祉. 义符启动范式下义符的语义和语法激活的时间进程[J]. 心理学报, 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2016.01070.
ZHANG Jijia; ZHANG Yuzhi. The time course of semantic radical’s semantic and syntax activation under radical priming paradigm. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2016, 48(9): 1070-1081.
链接本文:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/CN/10.3724/SP.J.1041.2016.01070      或      http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/CN/Y2016/V48/I9/1070
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