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心理学报
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人际关系对社会责任感的影响
黄四林1;韩明跃2;张梅2
(1北京师范大学发展心理研究所, 北京 100875) (2中央财经大学心理学系, 北京 100081)
The impact of interpersonal relationship on social responsibility
HUANG SiLin1; HAN MingYue2; ZHANG Mei2
(1 Institute of Developmental Psychology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China) (2 Department of Psychology, Central University of Finance and Economics, Beijing 100081, China)
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摘要 

为揭示人际关系对社会责任感的影响及其机制, 该研究采用问卷调查和实验相结合的方法, 探讨了二者之间的相关与因果关系, 以及共情的中介效应。研究1采用问卷调查法探讨这三者的关系, 结果发现, 人际关系对社会责任感具有显著的正向预测作用, 并且共情在二者之间发挥着部分中介效应。研究2采用实验法操纵了人际关系效用, 结果显示, 高效用组的社会责任感显著高于低效用组和控制组, 并且低效用组显著低于控制组。这表明人际关系效用对社会责任感具有明显的影响。研究3进一步操纵了人际关系的亲密度, 结果发现, 亲密度对效用与社会责任感的关系具有调节作用, 在低亲密度条件下, 高效用组的社会责任感明显高于低效用组, 但是在高亲密度条件下, 社会责任感均维持较高水平。因此, 人际关系对社会责任感具有明显正向影响。

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黄四林
韩明跃
张梅
关键词 社会责任感人际关系共情大学生    
Abstract

Social responsibility predicts job performance, academic achievement, personality, coping with frustration, self-acceptance and altruism. Previous studies mainly focused on social responsibility’s concept, psychological structure, influencing factors, and instruction. Findings from recent correlational studies suggest that interpersonal relationship influences social responsibility. This study examined the causal relationship between the two variables. Furthermore, prior results postulate that empathy may play an important mediating role in this causal mechanism. Therefore, the present study was designed to test the causal impact of interpersonal relationship on social responsibility and the mediating function of empathy in the association between the two variables. Three studies were conducted. Study 1 was a survey study testing the relationship between interpersonal relationship and social responsibility, and whether empathy played a mediating role, among 335 undergraduates. Study 2 tested the effect of the utility of relationship on social responsibility. 234 undergraduates were randomly assigned to three groups: high utility, low utility and control group. Based on the result of Study 2, Study 3 further manipulated the intimacy of relationship in which participants were asked to imagine a close friend or a classmate who was newly introduced, and examined the effect of utility and intimacy of relationship on social responsibility simultaneously. 192 undergraduates were randomly assigned to four groups classified by the utility (high vs. low) and intimacy (high vs. low) of relationship. The results showed that: (1) Interpersonal relationship correlated positively with social responsibility, and empathy acted as a partial mediating variable. (2) The manipulation of utility of relationship significantly impacted social responsibility. The high utility group showed significantly a higher level of social responsibility than did the low utility and the control group, and the low utility group showed an even lower level of social responsibility than did the control group. (3) The manipulation of intimacy of relationship also impacted social responsibility. In contrast to the low intimacy group, the high intimacy group showed significantly superior level of social responsibility. More importantly, the interaction between utility and intimacy of relationship was significant. Specifically, for the low intimacy group, those with high utility exhibited a significant higher level of social responsibility than did those with low utility. However, in the high intimacy group, no difference in social responsibility was found between the two levels of utility. In conclusion, the present study for the first time confirmed the causal impact of interpersonal relationship on social responsibility and the partial mediating role of empathy. The present results are consistent with the “pattern of difference sequence” account of social responsibility in China.

Key wordssocial responsibility    interpersonal relationship    empathy, undergraduate
收稿日期: 2015-08-10      出版日期: 2016-05-25
基金资助:

国家社会科学基金教育学青年课题“大学生社会责任的心理结构及其培养研究” (CBA120105)。

通讯作者: 黄四林, E-mail: hsilin@126.com    
引用本文:   
黄四林;韩明跃;张梅;. 人际关系对社会责任感的影响[J]. 心理学报, 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2016.00578.
HUANG SiLin; HAN MingYue; ZHANG Mei. The impact of interpersonal relationship on social responsibility. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2016, 48(5): 578-587.
链接本文:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/CN/10.3724/SP.J.1041.2016.00578      或      http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/CN/Y2016/V48/I5/578
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