ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 2015, Vol. 47 ›› Issue (10): 1213-1222.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2015.01213

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

相貌负面身体自我女性对相貌词的注意偏向眼动的证据

寇慧1;苏艳华1;罗小春1;陈红1,2   

  1. (1西南大学心理学部; 2西南大学认知与人格教育部重点实验室, 重庆 400715)
  • 收稿日期:2015-01-22 出版日期:2015-10-25 发布日期:2015-10-25
  • 通讯作者: 陈红, E-mail: chenhg@swu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金面上项目资助(31170981), 国家社会科学基金西部项目资助(12XSH018), 研究生创新基金优博项目资助(kb201101)。

Attentional Bias Toward Face-related Words Among Females with Facial Negative Physical Self: Evidence from An Eye-movement Study

KOU Hui1; SU Yanhua1; LUO Xiaochun1; CHEN Hong1,2   

  1. (1 School of Psychology, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China)
    (2 Key Laboratory of Cognition and Personality (Ministry of Education), Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China)
  • Received:2015-01-22 Online:2015-10-25 Published:2015-10-25
  • Contact: CHEN Hong, E-mail: chenhg@swu.edu.cn

摘要:

采用改进的点探测范式并结合眼动技术, 以相貌词(积极和消极)为刺激材料, 实验中积极相貌词?中性词、消极相貌词?中性词、积极相貌词?消极相貌词以及中性词?中性词配对呈现, 考察了相貌负面身体自我女性对相貌词的注意偏向及其时间进程。眼动数据的结果发现, 在积极相貌词?中性词和消极相貌词?中性词条件下, 与控制组相比, 相貌负面身体自我女性的首视点更频繁地指向消极相貌词, 对消极相貌词探测速度更快, 并且首视点维持在此类词语上的时间更长, 但未发现总体的注视时间偏向; 与积极相貌相比较, 相貌负面身体自我女性呈现与上述相同的结果, 此时的注意模式为警觉?脱离困难。此外, 相貌负面身体自我的女性还表现出对积极相貌词的减速探测偏向。行为证据进一步显示, 相貌负面身体自我女性对消极相貌词存在注意脱离困难。在积极相貌词?消极相貌词配对条件下, 相貌负面身体自我女性对消极相貌词也表现出注意脱离困难。以上结果表明, 相貌负面身体自我女性对消极相貌词表现出警觉?脱离困难的注意偏向。

关键词: 相貌负面身体自我女性, 注意偏向, 相貌词, 眼动

Abstract:

 Previous studies found cognitive bias toward body-related information among individuals with fat negative physical self. However, little is known about the cognitive bias toward face-related information among individuals with facial negative physical self (FNPS).

The current study aimed to investigate the attentional bias towards face-related words among females with FNPS. A modified dot probe paradigm was adopted. In the experiment, we used positive and negative face-related words as stimuli. A pair of words was presented in each trial. There were totally four types of word pairing conditions: positive face-related word-neutral word condition (PosNeu), negative face-related word-neutral word condition (NegNeu), positive face-related word-negative face-related word condition (PosNeg), and neutral word -neutral word condition (NeuNeu). We recorded the eye-movement while subjects were viewing the words.
In NegNeu condition, we found that, compared to controls, females with FNPS were more frequently and faster to direct their initial gazes to negative face-related words. Furthermore, they also showed a longer fixation on the negative word. However, the total gaze durations on both types of words were not significantly different. These results implied an attention vigilance-maintenance pattern for negative face-related words. In contrary, females with FNPS showed a slower rate to direct their gazes to positive words in PosNeu condition. Consistently, in PosNeg condition, females with FNPS showed the same attentional bias toward negative face-related words compared to positive face-related words. Furthermore, behavioral results showed that females with FNPS had difficulty in attention disengagement from negative face-related words, which were evident in both NegNeu and PosNeg condition.

In conclusion, our results demonstrated that females with FNPS had an attention vigilance-maintenance pattern toward negative face-related words.

Key words: females with facial negative physical self, attentional bias, face-related words, eye-movement