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中国古代儒道思想中的具身认知观
黎晓丹1;叶浩生1,2
(1广州大学教育学院; 2广州大学心理与脑科学研究中心, 广州 510006)
Embodied Cognition in Ancient Chinese Confucianism and Taoism
LI Xiaodan1; YE Haosheng1,2
(1 Education School of Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, China) (2 The Center for the Psychology and Brain Science, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, China)
全文: PDF(391 KB)   评审附件 (1 KB) 
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摘要 

身心合一论是中国古代思想的基本观念。身是以“气”为根基, 并通过“修身-修心”与“修心-修身”可至天人合一的身体。本文选取中国古代思想中最有代表性的儒道两家思想, 融合现象学视角来诠释中国古代儒道思想中的身体观对身体主体性的生动凸显, 以及从“身-心-世界”三者互为交涉的层次上所建构的特有的认知观。随着国内外学者对具身认知观的日益关注, 结合中国古代思想视角开展的具身认知研究可在促进中国心理学发展的同时促进具身认知研究范式的成熟。

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黎晓丹
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关键词 具身认知中国古代儒道思想身体主体现象学体知    
Abstract

Ancient Chinese thought reflected the ontology idea of body and had a construction of mixer of the “body-mind-world” system. The syncretism of body-mind was an essential preset in ancient Chinese thought. “Qi” was regarded as a basic material of universe as well as human being. Ancient Chinese controlled the “Qi” by the practice of self-cultivation. The balanced flow of in and out of “Qi” in the body of human being could make an effort of body figure, physical structure and mind. The body concept of ancient Chinese thought was more propound and diversified than the body concept of modern western embodied cognitive theory. Ancient Chinese reached the state of syncretism between nature and man by approach of cultivating from body to mind and cultivating from mind to body. In Confucianism, Confucius established the traditional practice of kernel. The self-cultivation of practice of kernel which was constituted of ritual studies mainly focused on the transformation of body and mind. In Taoism, Zhuangzi was opposed to the constraint of man’s body and mind so that he put forward a view that human being should use their body subject and kenotic body to make perception of the world and taoism. But Confucianism and Taoism had a common body subject. The perception of body subject was the most important cognitive factor to cognition of self and world. With the bidirectional shape of body and mind, the body-mind experience of taoism was the common ideal of Confucianism and Taoism. Meanwhile, Confucianism and Taoism reflected and practiced cultivation in social situation. The body was sitational. The ritual of Confucianism was a interpersonal communication system included spatial and comport metaphor. Taoism advocated inaction of all things. They thought human being should concentrate on their body and body knowing of the nature. The embodied thought of ancient Chinese thought was a complexity theory which suffuses strong traditional culture. As Merleau-Ponty’s proposition, ancient Chinese body had the same basic material as the world. In ancient Chinese thought, “Qi” was the basic material of body and so as the world. With the concern of embodied cognition, study integrating the perspective of the view of body-mind of ancient Chinese thought can promote the development of Chinese psychology and the paradigm of embodied cognition.

Key wordsembodied cognition    Ancient Chinese Confucianism and Taoism    body subject    phenomenology    embodiedment
收稿日期: 2014-08-04      出版日期: 2015-05-25
基金资助:

打造“理论粤军”2013 年度重大资助项目(LLYJ1323)。

通讯作者: 叶浩生, E-mail: yehaosheng0817@163.com   
引用本文:   
黎晓丹;叶浩生. 中国古代儒道思想中的具身认知观[J]. 心理学报, 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2015.00702.
LI Xiaodan; YE Haosheng. Embodied Cognition in Ancient Chinese Confucianism and Taoism. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2015, 47(5): 702-710.
链接本文:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/CN/10.3724/SP.J.1041.2015.00702      或      http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/CN/Y2015/V47/I5/702
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