ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 2015, Vol. 47 ›› Issue (5): 611-623.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2015.00611

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

亲子依恋与青少年的问题性网络使用:一个有调节的中介模型

陈武1,2;李董平1,2;鲍振宙3;闫昱文1,2;周宗奎1,2   

  1. (1青少年网络心理与行为教育部重点实验室, 武汉 430079) (2华中师范大学心理学院, 武汉 430079) (3华南师范大学心理学院, 广州 510631)
  • 收稿日期:2014-06-05 出版日期:2015-05-25 发布日期:2015-05-25
  • 通讯作者: 李董平, E-mail: lidongping83@126.com; 周宗奎, E-mail: zhouzk@mail.ccnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助; 国家社科基金重大攻关项目(11&ZD151)资助。

The Impact of Parent-Child Attachment on Adolescent Problematic Internet Use: A Moderated Mediation Model

CHEN Wu1,2; LI Dongping1,2; BAO Zhenzhou3; YAN Yuwen1,2; ZHOU Zongkui1,2   

  1. (1 Key Laboratory of Adolescent Cyberpsychology and Behaivor (CCNU), Ministry of Education, Wuhan 430079, China) (2 School of Psychology, Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079, China) (3 School of Psychology, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, China)
  • Received:2014-06-05 Online:2015-05-25 Published:2015-05-25
  • Contact: LI Dongping, E-mail: lidongping83@126.com; ZHOU Zongkui, E-mail: zhouzk@mail.ccnu.edu.cn

摘要:

研究表明, 亲子依恋对青少年问题性网络使用(PIU)具有重要影响, 但是亲子依恋起作用的中介和调节机制少有研究涉及。在发展系统理论及依恋理论的基本框架下, 本研究基于“社会发展模型/初级社会化理论”和“个体—环境交互作用观”, 构建一个有调节的中介模型, 同时考察家庭因素(亲子依恋)、同伴因素(越轨同伴交往)和个体因素(意志控制)对青少年PIU的影响及其作用机制。以2758名初中生为被试(平均年龄13.53岁, SD = 1.06), 让其自我报告亲子依恋、越轨同伴交往、意志控制和PIU的情况。多元回归分析表明:(1)在控制了性别、年龄、社会经济地位后, 亲子依恋对PIU具有负向预测作用。(2)亲子依恋通过越轨同伴交往的中介作用间接影响PIU。(3)该间接效应受到意志控制的调节。相对于意志控制水平高的青少年, 间接效应对于意志控制水平低的青少年更显著。研究结果有利于从发展系统理论不同亚系统及其相互作用的视角理解亲子关系“如何”及“何时”影响青少年PIU。青少年PIU的预防干预不仅要重视家庭因素、同伴因素和个体因素的单独影响, 更要重视这些因素的联合作用。

关键词: 问题性网络使用, 亲子依恋, 越轨同伴交往, 意志控制, 青少年

Abstract:

Problematic Internet use (PIU) and its detrimental effects on adolescents’ adjustment has become a hot topic of research in developmental psychology. Among many factors influencing adolescent PIU, the role of parent-child attachment has increasingly received attention of both practitioners and researchers over the past few years. There is substantial literature documenting that parent-child attachment has an important influence on adolescent PIU, but little is known about the mediating and moderating mechanisms underlying this relation. Under the basic framework of development system theories and attachment theory, the present study constructed a moderated mediation model based on the social development model and the organism-environment interaction model to examine the effect of family factors (parent-child attachment), peer factors (deviant peer affiliation) and individual factors (effortful control) on PIU and the underling mechanisms. Specifically, the present study examined whether parental attachment would be indirectly related to adolescent PIU through deviant peer affiliation, and whether this indirect association would be moderated by adolescent effortful control. This integrated model can address questions about both mediation and moderation in one model which was helpful to answer the issues such as “what works for whom”, and provide valuable information for early identification and prevention that cannot be obtained by separately testing the two questions. A total of 2758 junior high school students (mean age = 13.53 years, SD = 1.06) participated in this study. Adolescents’ perceived attachment to their parents was measured by the subscale of parental attachment adapted from the short form of Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment (IPPA). Adolescent affiliation with deviant peers was assessed with deviant peer affiliation questionnaire. The short form of Early Adolescent Temperament Questionnaire-Revised was used to assess effortful control. Adolescent PIU was assessed with questionnaire for screening of PIU. All the measures have good reliability and validity. Multiple regression analysis showed that: (1) After controlling for gender, age, and socioeconomic status, the parent-child attachment has a negative effect on adolescent PIU. (2) The negative association between parent-child attachment and adolescent PIU was mediated by deviant peer affiliation. (3) The mediating effect of deviant peer affiliation was moderated by effortful control. The indirect effect was stronger for adolescents with low self-control than for those with high self-control. These findings contribute to our understanding of how and when parent-child attachment impacts adolescent PIU from different subsystems of development system theories. On the one hand, peer relationships relative to the parent-child attachment, may be a stronger social control factors in a way that parents and educators should be actively concern about whether the child was associated with deviant peers, and give reasonable guidance to help solve their confusion encountered in peer interactions. On the other hand, more attentions should be paid to the low self-control individuals (especially improve their parent-child attachment condition) and low parent-child attachment individuals (especially improve their self-control abilities). Last but not the least, the prevention and interventions for adolescent PIU should not only pay attention to the effect of family factors, peer factors (especially deviant peer affiliation) and individual factors (especially self-control), but also to the combined influence of those factors.

Key words: problematic Internet use, parent-child attachment, deviant peer affiliation, effortful control, adolescents