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知识异质性对知识型团队创造力的影响机制:基于互动认知的视角
吕洁1;张钢2
(1上海商学院管理学院, 上海 201400) (2浙江大学管理学院, 杭州 310058)
The Mechanisms of Knowledge Heterogeneity on Creativity of Knowledge Teams: An Interactive Cognition Perspective
LV Jie1; ZHANG Gang2
(1 Faculty of Management, Shanghai Business School, Shanghai 201400, China) (2 School of Management, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China)
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摘要 

知识型团队的创造力不仅受到团队知识异质性和成员创造力的影响, 同时还取决于团队成员之间的认知互动过程。通过391份知识型团队的领导与成员的配对问卷调查, 从互动认知的视角, 采用多层线性模型分析了认知冲突和任务知识协调对知识异质性与团队及其成员创造力之间关系的影响。研究结果表明, 认知冲突在知识异质性和团队及其成员创造力之间有着显著的中介作用; 任务知识协调则调节了知识异质性对团队及其成员创造力的影响。当任务知识协调水平高时, 知识异质性与团队及其成员的创造力之间的关系均正向显著; 当任务知识协调水平低时, 知识异质性与团队创造力之间呈倒U型关系, 但与个体成员创造力之间的关系并不显著。

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吕洁
张钢
关键词 知识异质性团队创造力认知冲突任务知识协调    
Abstract

In the current era of knowledge economy, organizations are increasingly dependent on knowledge teams to develop creative solutions and respond to the rapidly changing environment. Knowledge teams integrate the unique knowledge and skills of their members and thus have access to alternative perspectives when seeking solutions to problems. Because of this, knowledge heterogeneity is a typical characteristic of knowledge teams, and is considered by many researchers as an important factor that inspires team creativity. However, we are also led to believe that knowledge heterogeneity does not always impact positively on team creativity, as it may limit the effective knowledge sharing among team members and create a lot of negative issues. Currently, little is known about the complexity of the mechanisms through which knowledge heterogeneity works on team creativity. This study contributes to the existing literature by investigating such a complexity. In our study, we posit that the creativity of knowledge teams is not only influenced by knowledge heterogeneity and individual team member creativity, but also depends critically on the cognitive interactions among team members. The research surveyed 391 valid data from supervisor-subordinate dyads to examine our hypotheses. Using the method of hierarchical linear modeling, we analyzed how cognitive conflicts and task knowledge coordination influenced the relationship between knowledge heterogeneity and team/team-member creativity. The result shows that cognitive conflict mediates the relationship between knowledge heterogeneity and team/team-member creativity. It also shows that the effect of knowledge heterogeneity on creativity is moderated by task knowledge coordination. When the level of task knowledge coordination is high, knowledge heterogeneity is positively correlated to team/team-member creativity. However, when there is low task knowledge coordination, knowledge heterogeneity is not significantly correlated to individual team member creativity, and it presents an inverted U-shape relation with team creativity.

Key wordsknowledge heterogeneity    team creativity    cognitive conflicts    task knowledge coordination
收稿日期: 2014-03-04      出版日期: 2015-04-25
基金资助:

国家社会科学基金项目资助(14BGL069)。

通讯作者: 吕洁, E-mail: lvjie@zju.edu.cn    
引用本文:   
吕洁;张钢. 知识异质性对知识型团队创造力的影响机制:基于互动认知的视角[J]. 心理学报, 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2015.00533.
LV Jie; ZHANG Gang. The Mechanisms of Knowledge Heterogeneity on Creativity of Knowledge Teams: An Interactive Cognition Perspective. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2015, 47(4): 533-544.
链接本文:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/CN/10.3724/SP.J.1041.2015.00533      或      http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/CN/Y2015/V47/I4/533
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