violent offenders,empathy for pain,ERP,N110,P2,P300,"/> 暴力犯的疼痛共情更低:来自ERP的证据
Please wait a minute...
  论文 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
(西南大学心理学部, 重庆 400715)
Dose Violent Offenders Have Lower Capacity of Empathy for Pain: Evidence from ERPs
GAO Xuemei; WENG Lei; ZHOU Qun; ZHAO Cai; LI Fang
(Faculty of Psychology, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China)
全文: PDF(994 KB)   评审附件 (1 KB) 
输出: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      

疼痛共情是共情最典型的表现形式, 是指个体对他人疼痛的感知、判断和情绪反应。共情能力的缺失可能导致个体产生退缩、冷漠及攻击行为。本研究采用事件相关电位技术(ERP), 以疼痛和非疼痛图片为实验材料, 对暴力犯的疼痛共情水平进行了考察, 结果发现:暴力犯和普通群体在观看疼痛和非疼痛图片时ERP波形差异显著, 暴力犯观看疼痛图片时, N110、P2的潜伏期更长, P2的波幅更高、P300的波幅更低, 说明与普通群体相比, 暴力犯的疼痛共情水平较低。

E-mail Alert
关键词 暴力犯疼痛共情ERPN110P2P300    

As a typical form of empathy, empathy for pain refers to the perception, judgment of others’ pain, as well as corresponding affective responses. Deficit in empathy for pain may lead to withdrawal, indifference to other’s pain or aggressive behavior.Some contextual factors, especially the observers’ traits, may have an influence on empathy for pain. Previous studies have focused on empathy for pain of special groups like physicians and offenders, but most of these studies are questionnaire surveys and there is little research on the cognitive neural mechanisms.Moreover, observing stimuli in different perspectives also affects empathy for pain, and whether this effect exists in special groups remains unknown. Investigating the capacity of empathy in violent offenders can deepen our understanding about the mechanisms of empathy and provide some supports for their training program. Using a picture-priming paradigm, the present studypresented painful and non-painful stimuli toviolent offenders and ordinary (control) participants and simultaneously recorded their ERP data. The experiment consisted of two blocks and the participants were asked to view stimuli in first-person and other-person perspectives, respectively. Painful or non-painful pictures were presented for 1000ms, which werefollowed by a fixationlasting randomly for 1500-1700ms. In order to make sure that the participants viewed the pictures carefully, only 10% pictures were randomly chosen and needed participants’ responses. These pictures were accompanied by a response screen showing that “Painful picture: F; Non-painful picture: J”. The screen disappeared after a button pressing.For the remained trials, the participants just needed to view pictures carefully. The results showedthat the latencies and amplitudes of N110, P2 and P300 were different between violent offenders and control group. When viewing painful pictures, violent offenders had longer latency of N110 and P2 than what, and the amplitude of P2 was larger than what. When they viewed pictures under other-person perspective they also had longer latency of N110 than what?. Furthermore, for the amplitude of P300, control grouphad smaller amplitude when viewing painful pictures in both perspectives, while for violent offenders this effect only existed under other-person perspective. Our results indicated that violent offenders might have lower capacity of empathy for pain than control group. The present study supports the Communications Model of empathy for pain and expands previous studies to some extent. This may also provide some empirical support for the training program of offenders. However, we also have some limitations that need further investigations in the future.

Key wordsfont-family: "Times New Roman"    color: black    mso-bidi-font-size: 10.5pt    mso-font-width: 102%    mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt    mso-ansi-language: EN-US    mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN    mso-bidi-language: AR-SA    violent offenders')" href="#">mso-fareast-font-family: 方正书宋_GBK">violent offenders    empathy for pain    ERP    N110    P2    P300
收稿日期: 2014-04-01      出版日期: 2015-04-25

国家社会科学基金青年项目(14XSH013), 教育部人文社科基金青年项目(10YJCXLX008)。

通讯作者: 翁蕾, E-mail:; 高雪梅, E-mail:   
高雪梅;翁蕾;周群;赵偲;李芳. 暴力犯的疼痛共情更低:来自ERP的证据[J]. 心理学报, 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2015.00478.
GAO Xuemei; WENG Lei; ZHOU Qun; ZHAO Cai; LI Fang. Dose Violent Offenders Have Lower Capacity of Empathy for Pain: Evidence from ERPs. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2015, 47(4): 478-487.
链接本文:      或
[1] 程家萍;罗跃嘉;崔芳. 认知负荷对疼痛共情的影响:来自ERP研究的证据[J]. 心理学报, 2017, 49(5): 622-630.
[2] 赵思敏;吴岩;李天虹;郭庆童. 词汇识别中歧义词素语义加工:ERP研究[J]. 心理学报, 2017, 49(3): 296-306.
[3] 范伟;钟毅平;杨子鹿;李琎;欧阳益; 蔡荣华; 李慧云 ;傅小兰 . 外倾个体的自我参照加工程度效应[J]. 心理学报, 2016, 48(8): 1002-1012.
[4] 刘芳; 丁锦红; 张钦. 高、低趋近积极情绪对不同注意加工阶段的影响[J]. 心理学报, 2016, 48(7): 794-803.
[5] 吴岩;莫德圆;王海英; 于溢洋;陈烜之;张明. 语义分类任务中部件位置在汉字识别中的作用[J]. 心理学报, 2016, 48(6): 599-606.
[6] 王协顺;吴岩;赵思敏;倪超;张明. 形旁和声旁在形声字识别中的作用[J]. 心理学报, 2016, 48(2): 130-140.
[7] 孟迎芳;林无忌;林静远;蔡超群. 双语即时切换下非目标语言语音和语义的激活状态[J]. 心理学报, 2016, 48(2): 121-129.
[8] 李婧; 陈安涛;陈杰;龙长权. 词语型类别属性归纳中分类与属性推理过程的时间特征[J]. 心理学报, 2016, 48(11): 1410-1422.
[9] 毛新瑞;徐慧芳;郭春彦. 双加工再认提取中的情绪记忆增强效应[J]. 心理学报, 2015, 47(9): 1111-1123.
[10] 岳鹏飞;杜婉婉;白学军;许远理. 情绪标注对情绪的抑制发生在何时:一项ERPs研究[J]. 心理学报, 2015, 47(9): 1124-1132.
[11] 闫志英;卢家楣. 情境真实性对悲伤移情调节的ERP证据[J]. 心理学报, 2015, 47(8): 971-980.
[12] 王益文;张振;原胜;郭丰波;何少颖;敬一鸣. 重复信任博弈的决策过程与结果评价[J]. 心理学报, 2015, 47(8): 1028-1038.
[13] 王路明. 优势语序还是优势解读?利用ERP考察汉语双论元歧义句的解歧过程[J]. 心理学报, 2015, 47(7): 869-877.
[14] 吴岩;王协顺;陈烜之. 汉字识别中部件结合率的作用:ERP研究[J]. 心理学报, 2015, 47(2): 157-166.
[15] 汪海彬;卢家楣;姚本先;桑青松;陈宁;唐晓晨. 职前教师情绪复杂性对情绪面孔加工的影响 ——来自行为、ERP和眼动的证据[J]. 心理学报, 2015, 47(1): 50-65.
Full text



版权所有 © 《心理学报》编辑部
本系统由北京玛格泰克科技发展有限公司设计开发  技术支持