Please wait a minute...
心理学报
  论文 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
父母支持、友谊质量对孤独感和抑郁的影响:检验一个间接效应模型
田录梅;张文新;陈光辉
山东师范大学心理学院, 济南 250014
Effects of Parental Support, Friendship Quality on Loneliness and Depression: To Test An Indirect Effect Model
TIAN Lumei;ZHANG Wenxin;CHEN Guanghui
School of Psychology, Shandong Normal University, Jinan 250014, China
全文: PDF(596 KB)   评审附件 (1 KB) 
输出: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      
摘要 

以560名5、7、10年级学生为被试, 检验父母支持、友谊质量与孤独感、抑郁的关系是否符合间接效应模型及其模型适用性问题。结构方程建模及群组分析结果发现:(1)总体上, 间接效应模型成立, 父母支持既直接影响孤独感和抑郁, 也通过影响友谊质量进而影响孤独感和抑郁状况; (2)从具体适应问题看, 间接效应模型对于孤独感和抑郁均显著, 但更适用于对孤独感的预测; (3)从发展阶段看, 间接效应模型仅适用于童年晚期和青少年早期, 且更适用于童年晚期; (4)从性别角度看, 间接效应模型对两性均显著, 但更适用于男生。结果提示, 父母支持、友谊质量对孤独感和抑郁的影响均符合间接效应模型, 但该模型的适用性可能因具体适应问题、发展阶段和性别而有差异。

服务
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章
田录梅
张文新
陈光辉
关键词 父母支持友谊质量孤独感抑郁间接效应模型    
Abstract

Rubin et al. (2004) indicated that at least three linking ways might exist in the relationships between emotional adjustment and child-parent relationships and friendship quality: an independence model, an interaction model, and an indirect effect model. The indirect effect model, however, has stayed to be a theoretical hypothesis and lacked enough empirical evidence. Furthermore, it is possibly different when applied to different emotional problems (e.g., loneliness vs depression), developmental stages and genders. Thus, the present study explored the validity and applicability of the indirect effect model. A total of 560 students from grade 5 (late childhood), grade 7 (early adolescence), and grade 10 (middle adolescence) were surveyed with questionnaires, including the Chinese versions of Network of Relationships Inventory (Furman & Buhrmester, 1985), Peer Nomination Questionnaire, the Friendship Quality Questionnaire (Parker & Asher, 1993), the Loneliness Scale (Asher, Hymel, & Renshaw, 1984)), and the Children’s Depression Inventory (Kovacs, 1992). Among them, each of 458 participants had at least one mutual best same-sex friend. At last, the present study conducted correlation analyses, structural equation modeling and its multiple-group analyses mainly on their data using SPSS 13.0 and Amos 7.0. The main findings were as follows: (1) overall, the indirect effect model was found to be significant, parental support negatively affected the participants’ loneliness and depression both directly and indirectly via friendship quality; (2) in terms of emotional adjustment problems, the indirect effect model was significant for both loneliness and depression, but it was more applicable to predict loneliness; (3) from the aspect of developmental stage, the indirect effect model was applicable to both late childhood and early adolescence, particularly to late childhood; (4) from the gender perspective, the indirect effect model was applicable to both boys and girls, particularly to boys. These results suggest that parental support and friendship quality influence emotional adjustments by way of an indirect effect model, i.e., parental support can influence emotional adjustments via friendship quality, whereas the applicability of this model is different in terms of different emotional problems, developmental stages, and genders.

Key wordsparental support    friendship quality    loneliness    depression    the indirect effect model
收稿日期: 2013-03-08      出版日期: 2014-02-25
基金资助:

教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金项目(11YJC190022)、山东省高校人文社会科学研究计划(J12WH15)、山东省“十二五”特色重点学科(发展与教育心理学)、国家自然科学基金项目(31271105)支持。

通讯作者: 张文新   
引用本文:   
田录梅;张文新;陈光辉. 父母支持、友谊质量对孤独感和抑郁的影响:检验一个间接效应模型[J]. 心理学报, 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2014.00238.
TIAN Lumei;ZHANG Wenxin;CHEN Guanghui. Effects of Parental Support, Friendship Quality on Loneliness and Depression: To Test An Indirect Effect Model. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2014, 46(2): 238-251.
链接本文:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/CN/10.3724/SP.J.1041.2014.00238      或      http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/CN/Y2014/V46/I2/238
[1] 曹丛;王美萍;曹衍淼;纪林芹;张文新. MAOA基因T941G多态性与同伴侵害对男青少年早期抑郁的交互作用:COMT基因Val158Met 多态性的调节效应[J]. 心理学报, 2017, 49(2): 206-218.
[2] 于增艳;赵阿勐;刘爱书. 儿童期受虐经历与抑郁的元分析[J]. 心理学报, 2017, 49(1): 40-49.
[3] 曹衍淼;王美萍;曹丛;纪林芹;张文新. DRD2基因TaqIA多态性与同伴侵害对青少年早期抑郁的交互作用[J]. 心理学报, 2017, 49(1): 28-39.
[4] 侯金芹;陈祉妍. 青少年抑郁情绪的发展轨迹:界定亚群组及其影响因素[J]. 心理学报, 2016, 48(8): 957-968.
[5] 任志洪; 李献云; 赵陵波; 余香莲; 李政汉; 赖丽足; 阮怡君; 江光荣. 抑郁症网络化自助干预的效果及作用机制 ——以汉化MoodGYM为例[J]. 心理学报, 2016, 48(7): 818-832.
[6] 牛更枫;孙晓军;周宗奎;孔繁昌;田媛. 基于QQ空间的社交网站使用对青少年抑郁的影响:上行社会比较和自尊的序列中介作用[J]. 心理学报, 2016, 48(10): 1282-1291.
[7] 曹丛;王美萍;纪林芹;魏星;曹衍淼;张文新. MAOA基因rs6323多态性与母亲支持性教养对青少年抑郁的交互作用:素质–压力假说与不同易感性假说的检验[J]. 心理学报, 2016, 48(1): 22-35.
[8] 陈瑞;郑毓煌. 孤独感对不确定消费偏好的影响:新产品、产品包装和概率促销中的表现[J]. 心理学报, 2015, 47(8): 1067-1076.
[9] 王美萍;张文新;陈欣银. 5-HTR1A基因rs6295多态性与父母教养行为对青少年早期抑郁的交互作用:不同易感性模型的验证[J]. 心理学报, 2015, 47(5): 600-610.
[10] 王美萍;纪林芹;张文新. MAOA基因rs6323多态性与同伴关系对男青少年早期抑郁的影响[J]. 心理学报, 2015, 47(10): 1260-1268.
[11] 李江娜;安书成;李珍. 应激性抑郁样行为发生中眶额叶5-HT1A受体对谷氨酸和γ-氨基丁酸的调节[J]. 心理学报, 2015, 47(10): 1269-1278.
[12] 金家飞;徐姗;王艳霞. 角色压力、工作家庭冲突和心理抑郁的中美比较[J]. 心理学报, 2014, 46(8): 1144-1160.
[13] 汤明明;潘玉芹;林文娟. 一个中枢炎性免疫诱发长时程抑郁样行为的新模型[J]. 心理学报, 2014, 46(5): 639-646.
[14] 吴帅;安书成;陈慧彬;李菲. 慢性应激性抑郁发生中大鼠眶额叶多巴胺D1受体对谷氨酸及其NMDA受体的调节[J]. 心理学报, 2014, 46(1): 69-78.
[15] 刘俊升;周颖;李丹. 童年中晚期孤独感的发展轨迹:一项潜变量增长模型分析[J]. 心理学报, 2013, 45(2): 179-192.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
版权所有 © 《心理学报》编辑部
本系统由北京玛格泰克科技发展有限公司设计开发  技术支持:support@magtech.com.cn