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心理学报
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状态不确定独立否定句的加工机制
陈广耀;吴洺仪;魏小平;周苗;何先友;莫雷
华南师范大学心理应用研究中心/心理学院, 广州 510631
The Processing of Isolated Negative Sentences with Uncertain States
CHEN Guangyao;WU Mingyi;WEI Xiaoping;ZHOU Miao;HE Xianyou;MO Lei
Center for Studies of Psychological Application/School of Psychology, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, China
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摘要 

采用自定步速阅读方法与图片核证范式(picture verification paradigm)探讨状态不确定独立否定句(如“裙子不是红色的”)的动态表征过程, 包括3个实验。结果发现:(1)在否定加工的初期, 即250 ms间隔时间条件下, 读者表征事件的否定状态; 肯定句已经通达事件的实际状态。(2)在否定加工的中期, 即750 ms间隔时间条件下, 读者仍然表征事件的否定状态, 但已开始对事件的备择选项进行搜索; 肯定句仍然保持对事件实际状态的表征。(3)在否定加工的后期, 即1500 ms间隔时间条件下, 读者表征否定标记与事件的否定状态, 同时完成对备择选项的搜索; 肯定句依旧保持对事件实际状态的表征。据此, 本文提出的锚激活与限制满足模型(anchor-based activation and satisfaction constrained model)得到初步证明。

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陈广耀
吴洺仪
魏小平
周苗
何先友
莫雷
关键词 状态不确定独立否定句两步模拟假设锚激活与限制满足模型    
Abstract

Affirmation and negation are semantic and grammatical categories present in virtually all languages. Many different theories have been proposed to explain the processing mechanism of negation. The schema-plus-tag model and the two-step simulation hypothesis have been accepted by many researchers. However, neither of these hypotheses cannot explain the processing mechanism of isolated negative sentences with uncertain states, such as the skirt is not red. In this study, we proposed anchor-based activation and satisfaction constrained model, to solve this problem. The sentence-verification paradigm was adopted in three experiments to explore the processing mechanism of negated sentences with uncertain states. In these experiments, participants were presented with affirmative or negative sentences with target objects, such as the skirt is/isn’t red. After reading the sentences with a delay condition of either 250ms, 750ms, or 1500ms, pictures were presented instantly. The task of participants was to verify whether the objects in the pictures appeared in the previous sentences. In these experiments, we designed three kinds of probing pictures. The first kind was “N”, which depicted the negated state of affairs of negated sentences, such as a red skirt for the sentence The skirt is not red; the second kind was “×+N”, which depicted the actual state of affairs of negated sentences, such as a red skirt plus negated marker (×); the last kind was “A”, which depicted one of the alternative states of affairs of negated sentences, such as a blue skirt. Results of Experiment 1 indicated that both of the data patterns of the affirmative and negated sentences were “N = ×+ N, ×+ N

Key wordsnegatives with uncertain state    isolated negative sentences    two-step simulation hypothesis    anchor-based activation and satisfaction constrained model
收稿日期: 2013-04-09      出版日期: 2014-02-25
基金资助:

2010年国家自然科学基金项目(项目号:31070907)、2008 年国家社会科学基金“十一五”规划课题(项目号:BBA080162)、2011教育部新世纪优秀人才支持计划项目(项目号:NCET-10-0089)和广东省普通高校人文社科重点研究基地创新团队项目(项目号: 07JDTDXMXLX01)资助。

通讯作者: 何先友   
引用本文:   
陈广耀;吴洺仪;魏小平;周苗;何先友;莫雷. 状态不确定独立否定句的加工机制[J]. 心理学报, 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2014.00204.
CHEN Guangyao;WU Mingyi;WEI Xiaoping;ZHOU Miao;HE Xianyou;MO Lei. The Processing of Isolated Negative Sentences with Uncertain States. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2014, 46(2): 204-215.
链接本文:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/CN/10.3724/SP.J.1041.2014.00204      或      http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/CN/Y2014/V46/I2/204
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[2] 陈广耀;张维;陈庆;赵雪汝;何先友. 类别型状态不确定独立否定句的加工机制:来自眼动实验的证据[J]. 心理学报, 2014, 46(10): 1426-1441.
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