Please wait a minute...
心理学报
  论文 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
部分线索效应的认知抑制过程:情绪Stroop任务证据
白学军;刘湍丽;沈德立
天津师范大学心理与行为研究院, 天津 300074
The Inhibitory Process of Part-list Cuing Effect: Evidence from Emotional Stroop Task
BAI Xuejun;LIU Tuanli;SHEN Deli
Academy of Psychology and Behavior,Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin 300074, China
全文: PDF(616 KB)   评审附件 (1 KB) 
输出: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      
摘要 

采用部分线索效应经典范式与情绪Stroop任务相结合的范式, 采取更为敏感的指标, 对部分线索效应的认知抑制进程进行了考察, 同时为提取抑制假说提供证据。结果发现, 部分线索呈现后进行情绪Stroop任务, 部分线索组反应时显著短于自由回忆组, 提取结束后进行情绪Stroop任务, 部分线索组和自由回忆组反应时差异不显著, 提取未完成时, 部分线索组反应时显著短于自由回忆组。结果提示, 在以情绪词为实验材料的部分线索效应中, 抑制在部分线索呈现之后即发生, 提取未完成时, 抑制持续存在, 研究结果支持提取抑制假说, 同时也对提取抑制假说做了一定补充, 即抑制的持续时间受随后是否有提取任务调节。

服务
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章
白学军
刘湍丽
沈德立
关键词 部分线索效应情绪Stroop任务提取抑制假说策略破坏假说    
Abstract

When people are asked to recall items from a previously studied list and are given a subset of the items on that list as retrieval cues, they often do more poorly at recalling the remaining items on the list than do people asked to recall the items in the absence of such retrieval cues (Slamecka, 1968). Such part-list cuing effect has often been attributed to inhibitory executive-control processes that supposedly suppress the non-cue items′ memory representation. Our aim in the present study was to further evaluate the inhibitory executive-control account of part-list cuing effect. Using a new paradigm which combines the classical part-list cuing paradigm with emotional Stroop task, adopting a more sensitive index, the present study retested the retrieval inhibition hypothesis of part-list cuing effect. Four experiments were included. In Experiments 1, we explored whether the inhibition occurs after the presence of part-list cues by inserting the emotional Stroop task between the presence of part-list cues and the retrieval phase, In Experiments 2 and 3, we explored whether the inhibition still persist after the retrieval phase by inserting the emotional Stroop task after the retrieval phase, On the basis of Experiment 2 and 3, in Experiment 4, an inadequate retrieval time was used to further investigate the inhibition process during the retrieval phase. The findings showed that: when the emotional Stroop task was performed after the presentation of the part-list cues, the reaction time of part-list cuing recall group was shorter than free recall group; while when the emotional Stroop task was performed after the retrieval phase, no difference between part-list cuing recall group and free recall group was observed; and when the retrieval was not fulfilled, the reaction time of part-list cuing recall group was shorter than free recall group. The present findings revealed that in the part-list cuing effect, inhibition occurred as soon as the part-list cues were provided, and before the full completion of the retrieval task, the inhibition process would persist. The results support the retrieval inhibition hypothesis of part-list cuing effect, and do some supplement to the retrieval inhibition hypothesis—— the duration of inhibition was mediated by the retrieval task.

Key wordspart-list cuing effect    emotional Stroop task    the retrieval inhibition hypothesis    the strategy disruption hypothesis
收稿日期: 2013-03-26      出版日期: 2014-02-25
基金资助:

教育部人文社会科学重点研究基地重大项目(08JJDXLX266)资助。

通讯作者: 白学军   
引用本文:   
白学军;刘湍丽;沈德立. 部分线索效应的认知抑制过程:情绪Stroop任务证据[J]. 心理学报, 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2014.00143.
BAI Xuejun;LIU Tuanli;SHEN Deli. The Inhibitory Process of Part-list Cuing Effect: Evidence from Emotional Stroop Task. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2014, 46(2): 143-155.
链接本文:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/CN/10.3724/SP.J.1041.2014.00143      或      http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/CN/Y2014/V46/I2/143
[1] 杨海波;赵欣;汪洋;张磊;王瑞萌; 张毅;王力. PTSD青少年执行功能缺陷的情绪特异性[J]. 心理学报, 2017, 49(5): 643-652.
[2] 唐卫海;刘湍丽;石英;冯虹;刘希平. 图片部分线索效应的学习时间分配的发展[J]. 心理学报, 2014, 46(5): 621-638.
[3] 何海东,焦书兰. 图形和汉字视觉认知任务中的部分线索效应[J]. , 1994, 26(03): 264-271.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
版权所有 © 《心理学报》编辑部
本系统由北京玛格泰克科技发展有限公司设计开发  技术支持:support@magtech.com.cn