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心理学报
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父母冲突影响青少年抑郁和社交焦虑 —— 基于认知-情境理论和情绪安全感理论
王明忠;范翠英;周宗奎;陈武
(青少年网络心理与行为教育部重点实验室; 华中师范大学心理学院, 武汉 430079)
Parental Conflict Affects Adolescents' Depression and Social Anxiety: Based on Cognitive-contextual and Emotional Security Theories
WANG Mingzhong;FAN Cuiying;ZHOU Zongkui;CHEN Wu
(Key Laboratory of Adolescent Cyberpsychology and Behavior; School of Psychology, Central China Normal University, Wuhan, 430079, China)
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摘要 

采用父母冲突儿童知觉量表(CPIC)、父母关系安全感量表(SIS Scale)、抑郁体验问卷(DEQ)和社交焦虑分量表调查481名高中生, 探索青少年对父母冲突的认知评估和情绪不安感在父母冲突水平与青少年社交焦虑以及抑郁之间的中介作用。结果表明:(1)青少年对父母冲突的认知评估在其感知的父母冲突水平与其内化问题(即社交焦虑和抑郁)之间起完全中介作用, 支持认知评估理论。(2)青少年在父母冲突情境中的情绪不安感在其感知的父母冲突水平与其社交焦虑和抑郁之间也起完全中介作用, 支持情绪安全感理论。(3)在整合认知评估理论和情绪安全感理论基础上提出的整合模型比单独以认知评估或情绪不安感为中介的模型均具有更佳拟合度; 青少年感知的父母冲突水平通过其认知评估影响其情绪不安感, 最终影响其社交焦虑和抑郁。

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王明忠
范翠英
周宗奎
陈武
关键词 青少年认知评估情绪不安感社交焦虑    
Abstract

Interparental conflict leads to various internal problems such as social anxiety and depression in adolescents. Two classical theories have been formulated to reveal the mechanisms by which interparental conflict could negatively affect adolescents’ internal problems. According to the cognitive-contextual theory, adolescents’ cognitive appraisal determines the degree to which interparental conflict affects adolescents’ internal problems. The emotional security theory holds that, interparental conflict affects adolescents’ internal problems through the mediating role of emotional insecurity. The cognitive-contextual theory has been validated by much empirical research while the emotional security theory relatively lacks empirical evidence. We intend to test these two theories by two single-mediator models and more importantly, it’s our main work to integrate these two theories to form a more comprehensive model. Based on the two theories, we hypothesize that cognitive appraisal or emotional insecurity could independently mediate the path from interparental conflict to adolescents’ internal problems. By integrating the two theories, we hypothesize that interparetnal conflict affects adolescents’ cognitive appraisal and their emotional insecurity serially, and finally lead to their internal problems. 481 high school students were conveniently chosen as our subjects who were investigated with such instruments as Children's Perception of Interparental Conflict Scale (CPIC), Security in the Interparental Subsystem Scale (SIS scale), Depressive Experience Questionnaire (DEQ) and Social Anxiety Subscale. With every class as a unit and under the supervision of two psychological graduates, these scales were administered to adolescents. Data were collected and analyzed by using SPSS 17.0 and LISREL 8.80. The hypothetical models fit the data satisfactorily, especially for the third model. Results indicated that adolescents’ perceived level of parental conflict positively predicted adolescents’ cognitive appraisal as well as emotional insecurity which then positively predicted adolescents’ depression and their social anxiety; adolescents’ perceived level of parental conflict had no direct effects on adolescents’ internal problems; in the integrating model, cognitive appraisal could positively predict emotional insecurity, interparental conflict affected adolescents’ cognitive appraisal, emotional insecurity and internal problems serially. The following hypotheses were supported: (1) Adolescents' cognitive appraisals could completely mediate the path from their perceived level of parental conflict to their internalized problems such as social anxiety and depression, supporting the cognitive-contextual theory. (2) Emotional insecurity could completely mediate the path from their perceived level of parental conflict to their social anxiety and depression, supporting the emotional security theory. (3) Based on integrating the cognitive contextual theory and the emotional security theory, the third model fits the data more satisfactorily which supports the hypothesis that adolescents’ perceived level of parental conflict serially affects adolescents’ cognitive appraisals and emotional insecurity which then affects their social anxiety and depression.

Key wordsadolescent    cognitive appraisal    emotional insecurity    social anxiety
收稿日期: 2012-09-11      出版日期: 2014-01-25
基金资助:

国家科技支撑计划(2011BAK08B)和国家社科基金重大攻关项目(11&ZD151)资助;华中师范大学优秀博士学位论文培育计划资助。

通讯作者: 周宗奎   
引用本文:   
王明忠;范翠英;周宗奎;陈武. 父母冲突影响青少年抑郁和社交焦虑 —— 基于认知-情境理论和情绪安全感理论[J]. 心理学报, 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2014.00090.
WANG Mingzhong;FAN Cuiying;ZHOU Zongkui;CHEN Wu. Parental Conflict Affects Adolescents' Depression and Social Anxiety: Based on Cognitive-contextual and Emotional Security Theories. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2014, 46(1): 90-100.
链接本文:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/CN/10.3724/SP.J.1041.2014.00090      或      http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/CN/Y2014/V46/I1/90
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