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心理学报
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并列和偏正结构双字合成词的注视位置效应
孟红霞;白学军;臧传丽;闫国利
(1天津外国语大学基础课教学部, 天津 300204) (2天津师范大学心理与行为研究院, 天津 300074)
Landing Position Effects of Coordinate and Attributive Structure Compound Words
MENG Hongxia;BAI Xuejun;ZANG Chuanli;YAN Guoli
(1 Faculty of Fundamental Courses, Tianjin Foreign Studies University, Tianjin 300204, China) (2 Academy of Psychology and Behavior, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin 300074, China)
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摘要 

采用EyeLink II眼动仪, 选取并列结构和偏正结构两种类型的目标词, 要求大学生被试阅读包含有目标词的句子, 以探讨两种双字合成词的注视位置效应。结果发现:在阅读并列和偏正结构的目标词时, 单次注视条件下读者往往将首次注视定位于词的中心位置, 多次注视时首次注视往往落在词的开端部分; 当首次注视落在词的开端时再注视该词的概率增加, 而且再注视往往落在词的结尾部分。结果提示:在单次注视条件下存在偏向注视位置; 双字合成词结构不影响偏向和最佳注视位置; 研究结果支持“战略-战术”模型。

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孟红霞
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臧传丽
闫国利
关键词 注视位置效应偏向注视位置最佳注视位置双字合成词结构阅读    
Abstract

For alphabetic language scripts, the decision about where to move the eyes next during reading is strongly influenced by low-level visual variables such as word length, which is provided by spacing information. In contrast, high-level linguistic variables, such as word frequency and word predictability do not influence where readers move their eyes (Rayner, 2009). Similar to the alphabetic writing systems, there has been evidence that word frequency and word predictability do not influence initial landing positions during Chinese reading (Wu et al., 2011; Guo, 2012). However, written Chinese is a kind of ideographic writing system, which differs from alphabetic writing systems in many dimensions. There are different constructions of two-character compound words according to the semantic relationship between the two constituent characters of a compound word, such as coordinate and attributive structure. Some researchers found that the structure of compound words influenced vocabulary recognition processing (Feng, 2003; Gan, 2009; Zhang, 1993). In this study, two experiments were conducted to explore whether the high-level lexical properties (the semantic relationship between the two constituent characters of a compound word) influenced landing positions. In Experiment 1, we manipulated the constructions of 2-character compound words (coordinate and attributive structure). In Experiment 2, compound words pairs shared the same first constituent character but different constructions (coordinate or attributive) were used as target words to further investigate the influence on landing positions of compound words’ constructions. 32 undergraduates were asked to read the experimental sentences which included target words in Experiment 1, and another 28 undergraduates took part in Experiment 2. Their eye movements were recorded by an SR Research EyeLink II eyetracker (sampling rate = 500 Hz) that monitored the position of the right eye every two milliseconds. The results showed that there were different eye movement patterns in different fixation cases. When there was only one fixation on a target word, the first fixation mostly landed on the centre of the word. When there were multiple fixations, readers first fixated at the beginning of the target word. There was a preferred viewing location in single-fixation cases during Chinese reading. In multiple fixation cases, if the first fixation landed at the beginning of a target word, the probability of refixating this word was highest, and refixations tended to land at the end of the word. There were similar fixation patterns when readers fixated the target words with different construction of compound words. We argue that Chinese children use the “strategy-tactics” approach during reading.

Key wordslanding position effects    preferred viewing location    optimal viewing position    construction of compound words    reading
收稿日期: 2012-09-26      出版日期: 2014-01-25
基金资助:

全国教育科学规划“十一五”教育部重点课题(DBA090290)、国家自然科学基金项目(31100729)、天津市哲学社会科学规划项目(TJJX12-013)和天津外国语大学“十二五”科研规划2013年度科研项目(13YB36)资助。

通讯作者: 白学军;孟红霞   
引用本文:   
孟红霞;白学军;臧传丽;闫国利. 并列和偏正结构双字合成词的注视位置效应[J]. 心理学报, 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2014.00036.
MENG Hongxia;BAI Xuejun;ZANG Chuanli;YAN Guoli. Landing Position Effects of Coordinate and Attributive Structure Compound Words. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2014, 46(1): 36-49.
链接本文:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/CN/10.3724/SP.J.1041.2014.00036      或      http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/CN/Y2014/V46/I1/36
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