Please wait a minute...
心理学报
  论文 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
中国传统文化中儒道互补的乐观心理思想探微
霍涌泉;陈永涌;郭祖仪
(1陕西师范大学心理学院, 西安 710062) (2青海师范大学教育学院, 西宁 810008 )
An Exploration on the Inter Complementary Optimistic Psychological Thoughts of the Confucianism and Taoism in the Traditional Chinese Culture
HUO Yongquan1; CHEN Yongyong1,2; GUO Zhuyi
(1 College of Psychology, Shaanxi Normal University, Xian 710062, China) (2 College of Education, Qinhai Normai University, Xinin 810008, China)
全文: PDF(376 KB)  
输出: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      
摘要 

中国古代文化中存在着丰富的乐观心理思想, 其中以儒家和道家的思想为主要代表。儒家倡导一种有为型的理性、入世、乐得其道的乐观, 表现为“仁者不忧”, 闻道尽识, 忧国忧民, 穷达自若, 安处困境之乐观。道家主张以内乐外、安时处顺的快乐之道, 强调无为型的“至乐无乐”, 顺应自然、不妄为的生活方式。弘扬中国古代乐观心理思想中的积极要素, 汲取其中对于“道”的遵循与体悟的科学精神, 继承持续进取、化忧为乐的精神, 扬弃“安贫乐道, 随遇而安”等不适应时代发展的消极因素, 有助于克服当今部分人存在的悲观性社会认知方式, 维护及改善人们的心理健康, 提升社会的幸福感。

服务
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章
关键词 传统文化乐观心理思想儒家道家    
Abstract

Although recent Chinese philosophers, such as Sun Yat-sen, have generally believed that "the main fault of the Chinese people is their inherent pessimism", ancient Chinese culture also has a rich tradition of psychological theory that is optimistic in nature. This has had profound implications for Chinese culture and is exemplified, above all, in the Confucian and Taoist philosophies. The optimism propounded by Confucianism is an idealistic one that advocates rationality, involvement in society and taking pleasure in life. It manifests itself in the idea that the person who practices benevolence is free from anxiety, takes a moral attitude to the world, feels concern about the state of the country and its people, endures poverty patiently and remains calm in the face of adversity. The optimism characteristic of Taoism, on the other hand, stresses man's oneness with nature and the need to adapt to circumstances as they arise. It advocates the pursuit of a state of conformity with nature and an abstention from reckless behavior, so as to arrive at a point where "extreme pleasure is no pleasure". Buddhism teaches a way of life aimed at turning suffering into happiness, doing good in order to accumulate merit and devoting oneself to charitable works. By developing and drawing on the positive elements in traditional Chinese psychological thinking, by adhering to its ideas of enterprise and of turning a bad situation into a good one and by rejecting the sort of negative attitude that makes people passively accept a state of poverty or prevents them from aspiring to better themselves, we can help improve our current social climate and maintain and regulate the psychological health of the community. On the basis of previous research conducted in this area the present paper gives a detailed and systematic description of the optimistic psychological thinking underlying traditional Chinese culture. It explores such issues as the relationship between optimism and human psychology, the nature of optimism according to the Confucian and Taoist systems of thought, the realms in which optimism can operate, the channels whereby it can be put into practice and the different ways in which this concept is understood in China and the West. It thus aims to show the wide-ranging implications of optimism as a philosophical position and its significance for present-day society. We also hope that it may lay the foundation for further work on this subject by Chinese researchers in the field of psychology.

Key wordstraditional culture    optimism    the thoughts of psychology    Confucianism    Taoism
收稿日期: 2013-03-18      出版日期: 2013-11-25
基金资助:

教育部人文社会科学规划项目(10YJAXLX007)资助。

通讯作者: 陈永涌   
引用本文:   
霍涌泉;陈永涌;郭祖仪. 中国传统文化中儒道互补的乐观心理思想探微[J]. 心理学报, 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2013.01305.
HUO Yongquan1; CHEN Yongyong1,2; GUO Zhuyi. An Exploration on the Inter Complementary Optimistic Psychological Thoughts of the Confucianism and Taoism in the Traditional Chinese Culture. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2013, 45(11): 1305-1312.
链接本文:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/CN/10.3724/SP.J.1041.2013.01305      或      http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/CN/Y2013/V45/I11/1305
[1] 刘庆奇;牛更枫;范翠英;周宗奎. 被动性社交网站使用与自尊和自我概念清晰性:有调节的中介模型[J]. 心理学报, 2017, 49(1): 60-71.
[2] 任亚辉. 中国传统儒家责任心理思想探究[J]. , 2008, 40(11): 1221-1228.
[3] 景怀斌. 儒家思想对于现代心理咨询的启示[J]. , 2007, 39(02): 371-380.
[4] 陶沙. 乐观、悲观倾向与抑郁的关系及压力、性别的调节作用[J]. , 2006, 38(06): 886-901.
[5] 景怀斌. 儒家式应对思想及其对心理健康的影响[J]. , 2006, 38(01): 126-134.
[6] 徐仪明. 《易经》的心理思想及其历史影响[J]. , 2004, 36(05): 630-632.
[7] 彭彦琴. 中国传统情感心理学中“儒道互补”的情感模式[J]. , 2002, 34(05): 98-103.
[8] 燕良轼. 两汉时期的性习心理思想[J]. , 2001, 33(05): 78-83.
[9] 燕良轼. 先秦社会心理思想管窥[J]. , 1997, 29(02): 208-214.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
版权所有 © 《心理学报》编辑部
本系统由北京玛格泰克科技发展有限公司设计开发  技术支持:support@magtech.com.cn