Please wait a minute...
心理学报
  论文 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
文化和情境影响亲属词的概念结构
张积家;王娟;肖二平;和秀梅
(1中国人民大学心理学系, 北京 100873) (2华南师范大学心理应用研究中心, 广州 510631) (3江苏师范大学教育科学学院, 徐州 221116) (4杭州师范大学教育科学学院, 杭州 310036) (5大理学院教育科学学院, 大理 671000)
Influence of Culture and Circumstance on Kinship Words’ Conceptual Structure
Zhang Jijia;Wang Juan;Xiao Erping;He Xiumei
(1 Department of Psychology, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100873, China) (2 Center for Psychological Application, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, China) (3 Department of Education Science, Jiangsu Normal University, Xuzhou 221116, China) (4 Department of Education Science, Hangzhou Normal University, Hangzhou 310036, China) (5 Department of Education Science, Yunnan Dali College, Dali 671000, China)
全文: PDF(590 KB)  
输出: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      
摘要 以摩梭人和汉族的高中生为对象, 采用自由分类法, 考察在满月酒、结婚和吊唁情境的亲属词概念结构, 揭示微观文化情境对亲属关系认知的影响以及与宏观文化情境的交互作用。结果发现:(1)在不同情境下, 摩梭人和汉族人对亲属词的分类既有相同之处, 又存在差异。两个民族都看重“亲属的亲密程度”和“辈分”, 但摩梭人还区分“照顾者/被照顾者”, 汉族人还考虑“性别”和“亲属关系的性质”; (2)摩梭人对亲属词的分类体现了母系文化的特征, 重视舅舅和外甥在亲属关系中的地位和作用; 汉族人对亲属词的分类体现了汉文化的特征, 重视媳妇和孙辈在亲属关系中的地位和作用。(3)亲属概念具有核心特征与情境依赖特征。文化和情境通过概念特征的激活和分类标准的采择影响对亲属词的分类。
服务
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章
张积家
王娟
肖二平
和秀梅
关键词 摩梭人汉族文化情境亲属词概念结构    
Abstract:Kinship words are important and intricate social concepts which convey abundant information of heredity, marriage, society and culture. Kinship system plays an important part in human culture which also inversely affects people’s cognition for kinship. Few researches focused on the problems such as mechanism of microcosmic circumstance’s influence on kinship’s cognition and the mechanism of interaction between macro-environment and micro-environment. The Moso is a matriarchal ethnic group living in the border of Yunnan and Sichuan provinces and famous for “A zhu marriage” and “Matriarchal society family”.The Han nationality’s kinship system is distinct from The Moso. The present study intends to compare the conceptual structure of kinship words of the Moso and the Han nationality under different circumstance. Natural classifying and multi-dimensional scale were used to explore the Moso and the Han nationality’s conceptual structure of kinship words under “Manyue Wine (a reception for a baby's completion of its first month of life)”, “Marriage” and “Condolence” circumstance. The subjects were 225 Moso students and 242 Han students both from Yunnan’ Ninglang district. Before classifying, different instructions were read to lead the subjects to imagine the circumstance. Results showed that: Under the “The Manyue wine” circumstance, Moso’s conceptual structure of kinship words were grouped into two dimensions: (1) grade in the family hierarchy; (2) level of intimacy among the relatives. Han nationality’s conceptual structure of kinship words were also grouped into two dimensions: (1) the nature of kinship; (2) level of intimacy among the relatives. Under the “Marriage” circumstance; Moso’s conceptual structure of kinship words were grouped into two dimensions: (1) grade in the family hierarchy; (2) level of intimacy among the relatives. Han nationality’s conceptual structure were also grouped into two dimensions: (1) grade in the family hierarchy; (2) gender. Under the “Condolence” circumstance, Moso’s conceptual structure of kinship words were grouped into two dimensions: (1) grade in the family hierarchy; (2) level of intimacy among the relatives. Han nationality’s conceptual structure of kinship words were also grouped into two dimensions: (1) level of intimacy among the relatives; (2) grade in the family hierarchy. The importance ranking of kinship has significant correlation among 3 kinds of situations. Results showed that the structures of kinship words between Moso and Han reflect the characteristics of Moso culture and Han culture, showing culture’s shape to social cognition with intrinsic difference. Compared to the Han nationality, the most distinct characteristics of Moso’s kinship words classifying was followed with four aspects: (1) Mother’s brother was classified into the same group with immediate elders under “Manyue Wine” and “Marriage” circumstance. (2) Sister’s son was alone under “Condolence” circumstance. (3) Grandchildren relatives weren’t revealed special intimacy under the “Marriage” and “Condolence” circumstance. (4) There is no “in laws/ not in laws” dimension, and also there was no “Marriage” group in the kinship words classification.Similarities and difference exist in kinship classifying between the Moso and Han no matter circumstance’s guidance, reflecting situation’s influence on kinship words’ cognition. The Moso’s “zou-fang” system and Han nationality’s condolence system can reflect the macroscopic feature of Moso culture and Han culture. The divergence of classification under microcosmic circumstance also reflects the role of work memory. All results indicated that: (1) Under different situations, the classifying result between Moso and Han has not only similarity but also divergence; (2) The importance ranking of kinship has significant correlation under these kinds of situations; (3) Culture and situation affect relatives’ conceptual structure.
Key wordsthe Moso    the Han    culture    circumstance    kinship words    conceptual structure
收稿日期: 2011-11-08      出版日期: 2013-08-25
基金资助:

国家社会科学基金项目(10BSH044)资助。

通讯作者: 张积家   
引用本文:   
张积家;王娟;肖二平;和秀梅. 文化和情境影响亲属词的概念结构[J]. 心理学报, 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2013.00825.
Zhang Jijia;Wang Juan;Xiao Erping;He Xiumei. Influence of Culture and Circumstance on Kinship Words’ Conceptual Structure. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2013, 45(8): 825-839.
链接本文:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/CN/10.3724/SP.J.1041.2013.00825      或      http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/CN/Y2013/V45/I8/825
[1] 霍涌泉;宋佩佩;陈小普;朱熠;陈媛媛. 试论布鲁纳晚年的心理学研究转向及其学术意义[J]. 心理学报, 2017, 49(3): 416-426.
[2] 陈庆;何泉;陈广耀;郭悦智;张荷婧;何先友. 复杂情境下不同角度及思维方式的决策表现差异:决策视角−心理距离的作用[J]. 心理学报, 2017, 49(3): 383-392.
[3] 金晓彤;赵太阳;崔宏静;徐尉;李广政. 地位感知变化对消费者地位消费行为的影响[J]. 心理学报, 2017, 49(2): 273-284.
[4] 黎晓丹; 杜建政; 叶浩生. 中国礼文化的具身隐喻效应:蜷缩的身体使人更卑微[J]. 心理学报, 2016, 48(6): 746-756.
[5] 刘畅唱;贾良定;李珏兴;刘德鹏;杨椅伊. 经验开放性对跨文化管理有效性的作用机制[J]. 心理学报, 2016, 48(10): 1326-1337.
[6] 尹可丽;包广华;钱丽梅;马霓珊. 景颇族初中生的民族社会化觉察及其特征[J]. 心理学报, 2016, 48(1): 36-47.
[7] 闫志英;卢家楣. 情境真实性对悲伤移情调节的ERP证据[J]. 心理学报, 2015, 47(8): 971-980.
[8] 周爱保;张奋;马小凤;李建升;夏瑞雪. 阿訇参照效应的文化差异:基于提取诱发遗忘范式的探讨[J]. 心理学报, 2015, 47(6): 757-764.
[9] 和秀梅;张夏妮;张积家;肖二平;王 娟. 文化图式影响亲属词语义加工中的空间隐喻 ——来自汉族人和摩梭人的证据[J]. 心理学报, 2015, 47(5): 584-599.
[10] 陈洁彬;鲁忠义. 路径转弯对语篇空间情境模型建构的影响[J]. 心理学报, 2015, 47(2): 176-189.
[11] 金艳;郑希付. 女性生理周期对条件性恐惧习得和消退的影响[J]. 心理学报, 2015, 47(12): 1465-1471.
[12] 肖二平;张积家;王娟. 摩梭走访制下的阿注关系:是亲属还是朋友?[J]. 心理学报, 2015, 47(12): 1486-1498.
[13] 刘文;朱琳;张雪;张玉;刘颖. 2~3岁儿童在分配情境下的公平敏感性[J]. 心理学报, 2015, 47(11): 1341-1348.
[14] 晏碧华;姬鸣;赵小军;屠金路;游旭群. 根植于航空安全文化的内隐安全态度的预测效应[J]. 心理学报, 2015, 47(1): 119-128.
[15] 邓琳;罗品超;王俊芳;方俊聪;郑晓纯;李悦;郑希付. 不对称情绪分享过程中情绪反应自我指向增强效应的初探[J]. 心理学报, 2014, 46(8): 1103-1111.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
版权所有 © 《心理学报》编辑部
本系统由北京玛格泰克科技发展有限公司设计开发  技术支持:support@magtech.com.cn