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  • Table of Content
       , Volume 10 Issue 02 Previous Issue    Next Issue
    For Selected: View Abstracts Toggle Thumbnails
    A REVIEW OF THE SELF-REFERENCE EFFECT RESEARCH
    Liu Xinming, Zhu Ying
    . 2002, 10 (02): 121-126.  
    Abstract   PDF (533KB) ( 2591 )
    Relating information to the self has been shown to produce better recall than purely semantic and other encoding strategies. In this article the basis for the self-reference effect (SRE) are discussed and other related research are reviewed .It seems that the self is a well-developed construct that promotes both elaboration and organization of encoded information. Further SRE related PET research has indicated that the concept of self involved in episodic memory retrieval, which is consistent with the HERA model. The authors also discuss the implications of the new trend in this field: the self, memory and culture.
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    THE PRESENT ORIENTATION OF RESEARCH ON MEMORY
    Du Jianzheng
    . 2002, 10 (02): 127-132.  
    Abstract   PDF (524KB) ( 1098 )
    The traditional experimental study of memory adopts a quantity-oriented conception. In this conception, memory is regarded as a storehouse into which discrete items of information are initially deposited and then later retrieved, and memory is evaluated in terms of the number of items that can be recovered over some retention interval. Recently, however, memory study is turning to be on meaningful stimuli has almost always been found to be accuracy-oriented. In this accuracy-oriented approach, memory is viewed as a representation or reconstruction of past experience, and evaluated in terms of its correspondence or fit with past events. This present paper analyses the basic characteristics of the accuracy-oriented research, and discusses some of the theoretical issues that accuracy-oriented approach to memory must face.
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    NEW PROGRESS ON THE RESEARCH OF MEMORY RETRIEVAL
    Zhang Ming,Chen Qi
    . 2002, 10 (02): 133-146.  
    Abstract   PDF (560KB) ( 1748 )
    The article reviewed the new progress in the field of memory retrieval from three aspects: (1) the relation between memory encoding and retrieval processes, which is focused on automatic and controlled memory retrieval and the corresponding neural mechanisms; (2) retrieval-induced inhibition mechanisms, including directed forgetting, retrieval-practice paradigm and the application of negative priming paradigm to the research of memory retrieval; (3) the relation between working memory capacity and memory retrieval, which is primarily concerned about the role of working memory capacity in controlled memory retrieval and retrieval induced inhibition.
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    DISTRIBUTED COGNITION:A NEW COGNITION PERSPECTIVE
    Zhou Guomei,Fu Xiaolan
    . 2002, 10 (02): 147-153.  
    Abstract   PDF (530KB) ( 2794 )
    Distributed Cognition is distributed in the person, across the persons, in the mediators, in the environments, in the culture, in the social world, and in time. Distributed Cognition is a new unit of analysis involving all things that participated in cognition. In this paper, first, there was a brief introduction of the concept and the history of Distributed Cognition. Then, the relationship between Distributed Cognition and Individual Cognition is expatiated, by describing two related models: the Reciprocal Interaction Model, and the Concentric Model. Finally, the theory value and applications of Distributed Cognition were illuminated by some examples.
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    ON THE MODEL OF SEMANTIC PRIMING AND THE RANGE OF PRIMING
    Wang Qing,Yang Yufang
    . 2002, 10 (02): 154-161.  
    Abstract   PDF (533KB) ( 1671 )
    Priming usually includes two kinds. One is perceptual priming; the other is semantic priming (concept priming). The paradigm of priming has become the main one used to study how the semantic information is stored in brain. This article introduces three mechanism of the priming: spreading activation model, compound-cue theory and distributed memory model. The distributed memory model was been emphasized. How much the semantic information can be activated was also introduced.
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    THEORETIC CONSIDERATIONS REGARDING INHIBITION AND COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT
    Wang Jingxin, Bai Xuejun
    . 2002, 10 (02): 162-167.  
    Abstract   PDF (521KB) ( 1011 )
    Several typical inhibition developmental theories and hypotheses are introduced to make a further considerations regarding the relation between inhibition and cognitive development, including decline in inhibition theory, multiple inhibitory systems model and optimal testing time hypothesis; In view of the relationship between working memory efficiency and inhibition, resource-dependent inhibition model and inhibition control hypothesis are also presented. Discussion focused on inhibition, cognitive aging and relationships.
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    THE THEORY OF CONTROL: A NEW VIEWPOINT OF LIFE-SPAN DEVELOPMENT
    Wang Dahua;Shen Jiliang;Chen Bo
    . 2002, 10 (02): 168-177.  
    Abstract   PDF (541KB) ( 1095 )
    A newly promoted life-span theory of development is introduced here. This control theory employed two basic concepts of primary and secondary controls. Primary control directs at changing the external world to fit the needs of the individual. Secondary control targets at internal processes in order to minimize losses in, maintain, and expand existing levels of primary control. The concepts and the dimensional models of the two control processes are described,the development of control through the life course is analyzed, and an evaluation of the control theory is conducted in this paper.
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    NEW PROGRESS IN THE RESEARCH ON CHILDREN'S LEARNING ABROAD
    Zhang Min;Lei Kaichun
    . 2002, 10 (02): 178-184.  
    Abstract   PDF (532KB) ( 1244 )
    Children抯 learning is one of the central topics in developmental psychology. A series of theoretical and methodological advances have been made abroad since 1990s. In this article, these advances are reviewed briefly and overlapping waves theory and microgenetic method are mainly discussed. In addition, several conclusions drawn recently are introduced simply.
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    THE STUDY OF PARENT-CHILD INTERACTION AND ITS DEVELOPMENT
    Hou Jing1, Chen Huichang 1, Wang Zhengyan2 , Li Miao1
    . 2002, 10 (02): 185-191.  
    Abstract   PDF (528KB) ( 3190 )
    The study of parent-child interaction is to explore parent抯 and children抯 behaviors from interactive respect, and more and more researchers have interests on this field in past several decades years. This article introduced the studies from influential factors of parent-child interaction and the relationship of parent-child interaction with child抯 psychological and behavioral development, at the same time the studies about parent-defected children interaction and father抯 role in the interaction in the recent years were provided.
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    A REVIEW ON RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PARENT-CHILD COMMUNICATION AND CHILD DEVELOPMENT
    Wang Zhengyan,1 Liu Hongyun,2 Lei Li,1,3 Chang Lei3 1
    . 2002, 10 (02): 192-198.  
    Abstract   PDF (538KB) ( 3637 )
    This paper presented a description about the relationship between parent-child communication and child development. Researches found parent-child communication influenced children's social development, sexual issues and behavioral problems, such as pregnancy, AIDS, drinking, smoking and antisocial behaviors. It was associated with children's development of esteem, autonomy, and self-efficiency. In addition, research showed communication was influenced by the structure of family and the satisfaction of family. There was cultural difference in communication.
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    ADOLESCENT SMOKING PREVENTION AND INTERVENTION PROGRAMS
    Lin Danhua, Fang Xiaoyi
    . 2002, 10 (02): 199-205.  
    Abstract   PDF (528KB) ( 2032 )
    Prevention and Intervention of Adolescents' smoking behavior has become an important topic which is explored by current psychology.Four school-based smoking prevention and intervention programs, that is, health education ,social influence, life skill and cognitive- development were reviewed and evaluated in this study.In addition,the tendency of smoking prevention and intervention:family-based program and community-based program was introduced. The future topics of smoking prevention and intervention was discussed.
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    THE MICROGENETIC METHOD: FOCUSING ON COGNITIVE CHANGE
    Xin Ziqiang, Lin Chongde
    . 2002, 10 (02): 206-212.  
    Abstract   PDF (527KB) ( 1800 )
    The key properties of the microgenetic method are dense observation and intensive trial-by-trial analysis in the whole process of cognitive change. This approach can yield detailed data about path, rate, breadth, source and variability of change, which is helpful for understanding cognitive developmental change mechanisms. Here some issues, such as the concept, design, rationality and shortcomings about the micorgenetic method are reviewed.
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    HIERARCHICAL LINEAR MODEL IN THE STUDY OF EDUCATION AND PSYCHOLOGY
    Liu Hongyun, Meng Qingmao
    . 2002, 10 (02): 213-219.  
    Abstract   PDF (545KB) ( 5470 )
    Hierarchical Linear Model (HLM) is a new tool for analyzing hierarchical structure data. It is superior to traditional statistical methods in that HLM based hypothesis is more compatible with facts and that the results generated from the model are reasonable. Therefore, HLM has been applied more and more wildly in social science. This paper is an introduce to HLM which introduces the fundamental hypothesis of the model, parameter estimator and hypothesis testing methods, as well as its advantages over the traditional regression method in dealing with hierarchical structure data.
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    TREND OF LEGALIZATION IN TESTING INDUSTRY
    Cao Yi, Li Weiming
    . 2002, 10 (02): 220-224.  
    Abstract   PDF (522KB) ( 778 )
    In the past decade, many codes or regulations or principles of testing including 揝tandards for Educational and Psychological Testing?(APA, AERA, NCME, 1999) were developed. They are indicators of legalization trend in testing industry. Two particular examples of irregular testing in China are illustrated and the possible reasons are analysized. The necessity of Chinese version of Standards is concluded.
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    COMMENTS ON THE SOCIAL COGNITIVE CAREER THEORY
    Long Lirong1, Fang Liluo1, Li Ye 2
    . 2002, 10 (02): 225-232.  
    Abstract   PDF (536KB) ( 2556 )
    Social cognitive career theory (SCCT) integrates the effects of psychological, social, and economical factors on career choice by using three key concepts such as self-efficacy, result expectation, and goal setting. Differing from traditional typology theory, need theory, and developmental theory which studied the psychological factor, social factors, and economical factors independantly, SCCT explains the nature and process of career choice systematically at different time point of life span. It does help to develop a new approach to career theory in future. Finally, the disadvantages of SCCT such as lack of implicit concepts and operationalization are commented.
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    REVIEW ON THE RESEARCH OF SERVICE QUALITY
    Xu Jincan, Ma Mouchao, Chen Yiwen
    . 2002, 10 (02): 233-239.  
    Abstract   PDF (538KB) ( 2512 )
    Service becomes one of the most important competitive factors in business at present. More and more companies begin to focus on consumers and service quality in order to win in the marketing. The authors review the concept and characters of service, and summarize the studies about the service quality, mainly on its concept, factors system, the application of the zone of tolerance, and the culture抯 effects.
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