Researchers have been exploring the relationship between human eye movements and mental activities for hundreds of years. Many studies indicated the significance of rapid eye movements (REM) and its cycle during sleep on the memory formation and consolidation. During awaking state, the aim of human eye movements is to obtain information from outside world. It should be a encoding procedure if a memory task involves. In addition, eye movements are related to human problem solving. The previous results suggest that eye movements and memory interact reciprocally, and a proper eye movements training could improve reading and memory.
Visual marking has more reasonably explained the phenomena of prioritizing selection that occur in temporal asynchrony between new and old items. Theory of visual making supposes that the top-down inhibition of old items prioritizes new items. This article reviewed the classical experiment paradigm of visual marking and the preview benefit, and then summarized two views of inhibition mechanisms, i.e., the inhibition based on the location and the inhibition based on the feature. Several other mechanisms and relevant limitations were analyzed. The implication in the study of visual marking was provided
Zhou Xiangxian;Jin Zhicheng
Zuo Binl;Zhang Yangyang;Wang Juan