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ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R
主办:中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

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     Psychological issues inside social governance
    XIN Ziqiang
    2018, 26 (1):  1-13.  doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2018.00001
    Abstract ( 2961 )   PDF (514KB) ( 3693 )  
     In recent years, some psychologists began to pay attention to psychological issues in social governance. To correctly identify these research issues and problems, we should realize that the core of social governance is human being, on the basis of the psychological essence of social governance. Concretely, the subject of social governance is human beings such as civil servants, social workers and citizens; the object of the governance is social affairs related to human beings; the process of the governance is the activity of group decision making carried out by multiple subjects; and one pathway to good governance is mind construction. Therefore, psychological research should focus on the innate issues inside social governance, including the governance competences of various subjects, realistic social psychological problems as the object of governance, the psychological process of group decision making, and the strategies and solutions of mind construction. Research on these issues would produce an original framework of “social governance psychology”, and achieve the goal of “good governance based on mind”.
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    Conceptual Framework
     Research on the impact mechanism of TMT cognition on organizational ambidexterity: From organizational character perspective
    FU Yue
    2018, 26 (1):  14-25.  doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2018.00014
    Abstract ( 1153 )   PDF (521KB) ( 1399 )  
     It is not surprising that some famous companies may fail. Today's success may turn to be tomorrow’s failure. Therefore, companies should not only be good at learning from experience, but also focus on the future plans. A model of organizational ambidexterity based on Top Management Team (TMT)’s cognition is expected to help companies to balance these two demands. TMT’s cognition on organizational character reflects team members¢ general ideas about the past, present and future of their organization. The impact of TMT’s cognitive congruence/differences in organizational character on organizational ambidexterity, as well as the mediating role of TMT behavioral integration is examined. In addition, the relationship between organizational ambidexterity and organizational performance, as well as the moderating role of industry dynamics is explored. The results may deepen our understanding of TMT cognition and enrich the organizational ambidexterity theory. Finally, the improved Organizational Character Index (OCI) provides reliable tool and method for future research.
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    Meta-Analysis
    How do autism spectrum disorders process human face? A meta-analysis of eye-tracking studies
    HAO Yanbin, WANG Fuxing, XIE Heping, AN Jing, WANG Yuxin, LIU Huashan
    2018, 26 (1):  26-41.  doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2018.00026
    Abstract ( 1694 )   PDF (798KB) ( 1846 )  
    Aberrant eye gaze is one of important indicators for autism spectrum disorders (ASD) according to previous studies. Recent eye tracking studies yield inconsistent findings on whether ASD may pay less attention towards the mouth region compared with typical development (TD) participants. In this study, a meta-analysis is conducted with fixation durations on both eyes and mouth regions as dependent variables. Twenty-seven eligible ASD eye-tracking studies were included in the current study. As a result, 43 independent effect sizes containing 1,343 participants are computed in the eye-related meta-analysis, and 36 independent effect sizes containing 1,112 participants in the mouth-related meta-analysis are analyzed. The results revealed that individuals with ASD fixated significantly shorter on the eye region than the TD (d = −0.75). However, no significant difference was found on fixation duration of the mouth region between two groups (d = −0.29). The moderator analysis indicated that age (d children = −0.89, d adult = −0.04) and face inversion (d upright = −0.79, d inverted = 0.31) moderated eye-related fixation duration. In addition, age (d children = 0.40, d adult = −0.56), verbal IQ (d match = 0.63, d no match = −0.62), nonverbal IQ (d match = 0.27, d no match= −0.51), the severity of autism (d high function = 0.43, d low function = −0.65), and task types (d free view = −0.48, d discrimination task = 0.90) moderated the effect of experimental manipulation on the mouth-related fixation duration. These findings suggest that fixation duration on the eye region is a potential indicator of ASD but the mouth region may not be.
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     A meta-analysis on Co-Rumination
    LAI Lizu, REN Zhihong, TAO Rong
    2018, 26 (1):  42-55.  doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2018.00042
    Abstract ( 2057 )   PDF (1299KB) ( 3170 )  
      Co-rumination refers to excessively discussing personal problems within a dyadic relationship. The meta-analysis examined how co-rumination was correlated with gender, mental health, and relationship quality. Our results revealed (1) Female co-ruminate more than male (g = 0.57, p < 0.001), which appeared most significantly in adolescents, especially for friends; (2) co-rumination was significantly correlated with mental health (r = 0.15, p < 0.001); and this effect is still significantafter controlling the rumination (partial correlation r = 0.08, p < 0.001); (3) age, study design, and co-ruminator didn’t moderate the aggregated correlation; (4) The aggregated correlation between co-rumination and relationship quality was also significant (r = 0.42, p < 0.001). Future research should further examine the causal relationship between co-rumination and mental health.