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The Cognitive and Neural Mechanisms Underlying False Memory: An Information Processing Perspective
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Abstract  From an information-processing perspective, the current paper aims to illustrate how the processing of information from different sources—the target event/stimulus, internal schemas, and external interferences—at the encoding, storage, reactivation/reconsolidation and retrieval stages contributes to false memory. We conclude that false memory may arise from three mechanisms: (1) The lack of distinctive item-specific details for targets makes it difficult to distinguish targets from related lures, resulting in false memories; (2) The engagement of schemas enhances memory representations of other information (including related lures) in the schemas and thereby increases false memories; (3) The memory representations of targets, when reactivated, are distorted and modified by external interferences, which causes false memories. Future research may further investigate the brain regions responsible for representing item-specific details, how other types of schema representations (e.g., event-based script representations) promote the representations of related lures using multivariate pattern analysis (MVPA), and how schema reactivation during memory retrieval influences false memory.
Keywords false memory      cognitive schema      neural mechanisms      information processing     
Issue Date: 12 August 2020
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GUO Ying
GONG Xian-Min
YU Tai-Hua
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GUO Ying,GONG Xian-Min,YU Tai-Hua. The Cognitive and Neural Mechanisms Underlying False Memory: An Information Processing Perspective[J]. ,
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http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/Y/V/I/0
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