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Advances in Psychological Science    2020, Vol. 28 Issue (4) : 612-625     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2020.00612
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Cognitive neurological process associated with behavioral inhibition and psychopathology in children
YOU Yuan,WANG Li()
School of Psychological and Cognitive Science, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
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Abstract  

Children with behavioral inhibition are more likely to suffer from internalizing behavioral problems during mid-childhood and adolescence, and appear to be at higher developmental risk. Compared to children without behavioral inhibition, these children show more withdrawal motivation, longer anticipatory process and pre-attention process, less attention control, more attention bias to negative information, hyperactive error detection process and slower habituation process. These similar cognitive neurological processes are important links between behavioral inhibition and psychological disorders in children. It can be used as predictors to screen individuals with higher developmental risk. In addition to children's own characteristics, environmental factors can also influence children's developmental outcomes by shaping cognitive neurological processes. Therefore, in future studies, in order to identify protective factors for the children with behavioral inhibition from both temperamental factors and environmental factors, we may consider the differences of cognitive neurological processes between children's behavioral inhibition and psychopathology under different cultural conditions.

Keywords behavioral inhibition      psychopathology      cognitive neural processes      withdrawal motivation      pre-attention processes      attention processes      response processes      habituation processes     
PACS:  B844  
Corresponding Authors: Li WANG     E-mail: liwang@pku.edu.cn
Issue Date: 24 February 2020
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Yuan YOU
Li WANG
Cite this article:   
Yuan YOU,Li WANG. Cognitive neurological process associated with behavioral inhibition and psychopathology in children[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2020, 28(4): 612-625.
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http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2020.00612     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/Y2020/V28/I4/612
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