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Advances in Psychological Science    2017, Vol. 25 Issue (5) : 788-798     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2017.00788
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Self-esteem and brain: A social neuroscience approach
YANG Ziyan1,2; LUO Yu1; GU Ruolei1; LIU Yunzhi1,2; CAI Huajian1
(1 ICAS Key Laboratory of Behavioral Science, Institute of Psychology, Beijing 100101, China) (2 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China)
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Abstract  

Accumulating research has approached self-esteem from the perspective of social neuroscience. A review of relevant research indicates that: 1) self-esteem is related to brain physiologically with high self-esteem associating with larger hippocampus volume and regional gray matter volume of anterior cingulate cortex; 2) self-esteem is also related to the resting state of default mode network and functional connectivity among some specific brain areas; 3) self-esteem modulates brain activities to threats such that individuals with low self-esteem exhibit stronger neural responses to self-threatening stimuli; 4) self-esteem modulates brain activities during self-evaluation process. Overall, these findings shed light on the neural basis of self-esteem as well as its adaptive functions.

Keywords self-esteem      self-evaluation      threat      medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC)      anterior cingulate cortex (ACC)     
Corresponding Authors: CAI Huajian, E-mail: caihj@psych.ac.cn   
Issue Date: 15 May 2017
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YANG Ziyan
LUO Yu
GU Ruolei
LIU Yunzhi
CAI Huajian
Cite this article:   
YANG Ziyan,LUO Yu,GU Ruolei, et al. Self-esteem and brain: A social neuroscience approach[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2017, 25(5): 788-798.
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http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/ 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2017.00788     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/Y2017/V25/I5/788
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