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Advances in Psychological Science    2016, Vol. 24 Issue (9) : 1358-1367     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2016.01358
Meta-Analysis |
A meta-analysis on effects of praise on children’s intrinsic motivation
GAO Shuang; ZHANG Xiangkui
(Department of Psychology, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China)
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Abstract  

A meta-analysis was conducted to investigate the relationship between praise and intrinsic motivation in children. Sixteen papers including 30 independent samples (N = 2339) met the criteria for inclusion in the meta-analysis. The result of the meta-analysis showed that there is a medium positive correlation between praise and intrinsic motivation, persistence and self-evaluation. Statistically significant heterogeneity was found between studies in the size of the correlation between praise and persistence and between praise and self-evaluation. Moderator analyses revealed that cultural background had a significant moderating effects on the relationship between praise and persistence; no significant moderating effects were found for age and proportion of boys. Western samples show a significantly higher relation between praise and persistence than eastern samples.

Keywords praise      intrinsic motivation      meta-analysis      moderator effect     
Corresponding Authors: ZHANG Xiangkui, E-mail: zhangxk@nenu.edu.cn   
Issue Date: 15 September 2016
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GAO Shuang,ZHANG Xiangkui. A meta-analysis on effects of praise on children’s intrinsic motivation[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2016, 24(9): 1358-1367.
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http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/ 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2016.01358     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/Y2016/V24/I9/1358
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