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Advances in Psychological Science    2015, Vol. 23 Issue (7) : 1151-1159     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2015.01151
Regular Articles |
The Neural Correlates of Retrieval Practice in Learning and Memory Retention
LIANG Xiuling1,2; LI Peng3; CHEN Qingfei3; LEI Yi3; LI Hong3
(1 College of Psychology, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, China) (2 Research Centre of Brain and Cognitive Neuroscience, Liaoning Normal University; Dalian 116029, China) (3 Research Centre for Brain Function and Psychological Science, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060, China)
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Abstract  

Previous studies have shown that retrieval practice led to greater retention than repeated studying. Recent fMRI studies provide insight by showing that several enhanced brain regions associated with retrieval practice but not with restudying, such as the inferior frontal cortex, inferior parietal lobe, middle temporal areas and parts of subcortical brain regions. Increased activity in these areas during retrieval practice can predict the final performance. It is assumed that the process of retrieval practice involved more mental resources. On the basis of working memory, the retrieval practice was regarded as a systematic representation of semantic relation, including acquisition, processing, integration and consolidation process. In fact, retrieval practice not only makes full use of the cognitive and affective, cortical and subcortical functions, but also plays the advantages of semantic and episodic memory to facilitate learning and memory.

Keywords retrieval practice      testing effect      fMRI      neuro-cognitive mechanism      learning and memory     
Corresponding Authors: LEI Yi, E-mail: leiyi821@ vip.sina.com   
Issue Date: 15 July 2015
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LIANG Xiuling
LI Peng
CHEN Qingfei
LEI Yi
LI Hong
Cite this article:   
LIANG Xiuling,LI Peng,CHEN Qingfei, et al. The Neural Correlates of Retrieval Practice in Learning and Memory Retention[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2015, 23(7): 1151-1159.
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http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2015.01151     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/Y2015/V23/I7/1151
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