›› 2009, Vol. 17 ›› Issue (04): 753-758.
CAI Chun-Feng;ZHOU Zong-Kui
Prenatal maternal stress has important influence on the development of their offspring. A signi64257;cant body of evidence reveals that prenatal maternal distress negatively in64258;uences the emotional or cognitive development, resulting in an increased risk of attention de64257;cit/hyperactivity, anxiety, and language delay in their children. One of the underlining mechanisms is the change of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, the other is the activation of the sympathetic-adrenal system which caused by stress and anxiety. There are some methodological problems and unanswered questions such as the sensitive period and the sex-specific effects. Many important ways should be developed in this area of research. There is enough evidence now to warrant active research into prevention, intervention, and support programs to reduce stress or anxiety during pregnancy and their aversive effects on child outcome.
fetal programming hypothesis
CAI Chun-Feng;ZHOU Zong-Kui. Influence of Prenatal Maternal Stress on the Psycho-behavioral Development of Their Children[J]. , 2009, 17(04): 753-758.
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