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Advances in Psychological Science    2012, Vol. 20 Issue (8) : 1268-1276     DOI:
Regular Articles |
The Neural Mechanism of Inductive Reasoning
XIAO Feng;LI Hong;LONG Chang-Quan;CHEN Qing-Fei;WANG Rong-Yan;LI Fu-Hong
(1 Key Laboratory of Cognitive and Personality of Ministry of Education; School of Psychology, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China)
(2 Research Center of Psychological Development and Education, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, China)
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Abstract  Inductive reasoning is the process to infer general knowledge from specific instances. Cognitive neural mechanism of inductive reasoning is the new direction in the current researching field. Analyses of existing findings reveal that: (1) the central process of inductive reasoning is closely associated with the prefrontal cortex and late ERP component; (2) there might be dual systems of inductive reasoning; (3) it is debatable whether the process of inductive reasoning shows left laterality. The above three issues remain open to further investigation on neural mechanism of inductive reasoning.
Keywords inductive reasoning      neural mechanism      prefrontal cortex      late ERP component      dual systems      laterality     
Corresponding Authors: LI Hong   
Issue Date: 15 August 2012
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XIAO Feng
LI Hong
LONG Chang-Quan
CHEN Qing-Fei
WANG Rong-Yan
LI Fu-Hong
Cite this article:   
XIAO Feng,LI Hong,LONG Chang-Quan, et al. The Neural Mechanism of Inductive Reasoning[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2012, 20(8): 1268-1276.
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http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/Y2012/V20/I8/1268
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