Please wait a minute...
   2011, Vol. 19 Issue (5) : 652-663     DOI:
研究前沿 |
Research Paradigms and Neural Mechanisms for Decision-making Deficits in Addicts
YAN Wan-Sen;LI Shu;SUI Nan
(1Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China)
(2Key Laboratory of Behavioral Science, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China)
(3Graduate University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China)
Download: PDF(273 KB)  
Export: BibTeX | EndNote | Reference Manager | ProCite | RefWorks    
Abstract  Drug addicts and pathological gamblers usually prefer immediate reward and ignore the future consequences. They are inclined to choose the bad options those bring immediate gains but long-term losses, which implies a kind of decision-making deficits. The Delay Discounting Task (DDT), the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) and the Cambridge Gamble Task (CGT) are mainly three typical research paradigms and methods on decision -making deficits including impulsivity, myopia and risk-taking in addicts. Studies in recent years have demonstrated that the prefrontal cortex (PFC) plays an important role in human decision-making, such as the ventromedial prefrontal cortex (VMPFC), the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) and the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC). Future directions in this area are introduced and anticipated.
Keywords addiction      decision-making deficit      delay discounting      gambling task      PFC     
Corresponding Authors: SUI Nan   
Issue Date: 15 May 2011
Service
E-mail this article
E-mail Alert
RSS
Articles by authors
YAN Wan-Sen
LI Shu
SUI Nan
Cite this article:   
YAN Wan-Sen,LI Shu,SUI Nan. Research Paradigms and Neural Mechanisms for Decision-making Deficits in Addicts[J]. , 2011, 19(5): 652-663.
URL:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/Y2011/V19/I5/652
[1] HE Jinbo, NIE Yufeng, ZHOU Zongkui, CHAI Yao.  Are both neural mechanisms of Internet gaming and heroin addicts the same? Research evidence based on MRI[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2017, 25(8): 1327-1336.
[2] ZHU Liang, LU Chang, WANG Shuang, ZENG Hong.  Drug addiction memory extinction based on the association between related cues and automatic drug use behavior[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2017, 25(7): 1139-1144.
[3] YANG Ziyan; LUO Yu; GU Ruolei; LIU Yunzhi; CAI Huajian. Self-esteem and brain: A social neuroscience approach[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2017, 25(5): 788-798.
[4] LI Xuejiao; ZOU Zhiling. The application of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) in the treatment of substance dependence[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2016, 24(9): 1398-1408.
[5] LIU Xinhe; TIAN Lin; LIU Jialin; LI Xinwang. The effect of interference with muscarinic receptor on drug addiction and its relationship with dopamine[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2016, 24(8): 1217-1227.
[6] YANG Ling; CAO Hua; GENG YinFeng; XU Jing ; ZHANG Yan; SU BoBo. The adolescent substance addiction based on the gateway theory[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2016, 24(8): 1237-1245.
[7] YAN Wansen; ZHANG Ranran; LIU Sujiao. The neural mechanisms of impulsivity implicated in drug addiction and non-drug addiction[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2016, 24(2): 159-172.
[8] LYU Zhenyong; ZHENG Panpan; Todd JACKSON. Precipitants and mechanisms associated with binge eating disorder[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2016, 24(1): 55-65.
[9] YANG Ling; SU Bobo; ZHANG Jianxun; LIU Bin; WEI Xiaoyun; ZHAO Xin. Dysfunction of Monetary Reward Processing and Recoverability in Drug Addicts[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2015, 23(9): 1617-1626.
[10] ZENG Hong; JIANG Xing; YE HaoShen. The Function and Mechanism of Sensorimotor System in the #br# Process of Drug Cue-related Reactivity[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2015, 23(8): 1409-1417.
[11] ZHANG Fenghua; ZHANG Yuting; XIANG Ling; HU Zhujing. The Cognitive and Neural Mechanism of Ambiguity Decision-making[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2015, 23(3): 364-374.
[12] WANG Qiang; ZHANG Enmao. The Methods and Neural Basis of Reducing Decision-making Impulsivity[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2015, 23(1): 101-109.
[13] LIU Lei;SU Ti;PENG Juan;GUO Yiqun;FENG Tingyong. The Cognitive and Neural Mechanism of the Delay Discounting: from the Trait and State Perspectives[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2014, 22(7): 1047-1061.
[14] PENG Juan;FENG Tingyong. Intervention Program and Neural Mechanisms for Intertemporal Choice in Addicts[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2014, 22(5): 810-821.
[15] TIAN Lin;LI Xinwang;YANG Fan;ZHAO Yudan. The Effect of Novelty Seeking Behavioral Trait on Susceptibility to Drug Addiction and Its Neurobiological Mechanisms[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2014, 22(1): 75-85.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
Copyright © Advances in Psychological Science
Support by Beijing Magtech