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Advances in Psychological Science    2020, Vol. 28 Issue (1) : 128-140     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2020.00128
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Effects of maternal stress on maternal behavior and psychological function
YANG Yu,LI Ming(),CHEN Hong()
Key Laboratory of Cognition and Personality, Ministry of Education, Chongqing 400715, China
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Abstract  

Transition to motherhood can be a challenging time in a woman’s life, during which she may experience numerous physiological and psychological changes. These normal adaptations, which are essential for the survival and health of the mother and offspring, may be disrupted by maternal stress. Maternal stress can impair maternal behavior, cognitive function and emotional regulation in human mothers and female animals. These disruptive effects are related to the dysregulation of endocrine systems such as glucocorticoids, oxytocin and prolactin, and changes of neurological responses to stimuli involving the maternal circuitry, limbic system and prefrontal cortex. Maternal stress could also impair maternal behavior and psychological function by altering the plasticity of neurogenesis, dendrite and synaptic remodeling.

Keywords maternal stress      maternal behavior      cognitive function      emotional regulation     
ZTFLH:  B845  
Corresponding Authors: Ming LI,Hong CHEN     E-mail: mli@unl.edu;chenhg@swu.edu.cn
Issue Date: 21 November 2019
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Yu YANG
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Hong CHEN
Cite this article:   
Yu YANG,Ming LI,Hong CHEN. Effects of maternal stress on maternal behavior and psychological function[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2020, 28(1): 128-140.
URL:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2020.00128     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/Y2020/V28/I1/128
参考文献 被试 应激源(应激时间) 测量方法(测量时间) 主要结果
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母亲(n = 32)
产后抑郁筛查量表PDSS
简式育儿压力问卷PSI-SF
编码交互行为手册CIB
(平均PD16周)
应激水平↑
母性行为↓
Meena et al., 2016 产妇
(n = 200)
标准简易心理状态量表SMMSE
简易认知量表BCRS
连线测试TMT-B
抑郁焦虑与应激量表
(PD7)
应激水平↑
认知功能↓
焦虑↑
抑郁↑
Yelland et al., 2010 产妇
(n = 4366)
应激性生活事件、社会医疗问
题(妊娠期及产后6个月内)
抑郁焦虑压力量表DASS
妊娠风险评估与监测研究PRAMS
(PD6月)
焦虑↑
抑郁↑
Holditch-Davis
et al., 2009
产妇
(n = 177)
婴儿早产(PD0~24月) 育儿应激源量表PSS
流行病学研究中心抑郁量表CESD
状态特质焦虑量表STAI
围产期创伤后应激障碍问卷PPQ
日常困扰量表
(PD2、6、12、18、24月)
焦虑↑
抑郁↑
创伤后应激水平↑
Al Maghaireh
et al., 2017
产妇
(n = 155)
新生儿重症(不少于PD7) 育儿应激源量表PSS
患者报告结果测量信息系统PROMIS
(不少于PD7)
应激水平↑
焦虑↑
抑郁↑
Ringgenberg et al., 2012 猪(n = 41) 社会应激(GD39~45和GD59~65) 观察法(PD5、PD19) 母性行为↓
Hild et al., 2011 羊(n = 24) 社会应激(GD最后5周,
2次/天)
观察法
酶联免疫吸附测试ELISA
(PD0~7)
母性行为↓
皮质酮↑
Bahr et al., 1998 大猩猩
(n = 11)
社会应激(—) 观察法(PD0~14)
酶联免疫吸附测试ELISA
(产前14天至PD14)
母性行为↓
皮质醇↑
Aguggia et al., 2013 大鼠
(n = 20)
母婴分离(PD1~21, 4.5h/d) 观察法(PD3)
高架十字迷宫测试(PD21)
强迫游泳测试(PD22~23)
抑制性回避任务(PD25)
免疫组化(PD25)
母性行为↓
焦虑样行为↑
抑郁样行为=
记忆↓
杏仁核细胞活性↑
Boero et al., 2018 大鼠
(n = 40)
灌胃插管(GD12~20)+
母婴分离(PD3~15, 3h/d)
观察法(PD3~15)
酶联免疫吸附测试ELISA (PD21)
母性行为↓
单应激源皮质酮↑
双应激源皮质酮=
Belnoue et al.,
2016
小鼠(n = 87) 束缚+光照(GD12~20,
3×45min/d)
观察法(PD7)
习惯化/习惯解除范式(PD14~16)
母性行为↓
嗅觉记忆↓
Jafari et al., 2017 小鼠
(n = 30)
间断性噪音(GD12、14、16,
24h/d)
束缚(GD12~16, 20min/d)+高台(GD12~16, 2×30min/d)
酶联免疫吸附测试ELISA (GD11、GD17)
水迷宫测试(PD30)
皮质酮↑
空间学习与记忆↓
Hillerer et al.,
2011
大鼠
(n = 48)
束缚(GD4~16, 2×1h/d)+过度拥挤(GD17) 观察法(PD2~7)
高架十字迷宫测试(PD8)
强迫游泳测试(PD8)
酶联免疫吸附测试ELISA (PD8)
母性行为↑
皮质酮↑
焦虑样行为 ↑
抑郁样行为=
参考文献 被试 应激源(应激时间) 测量方法(测量时间) 主要结果
Leuner et al.,
2014
大鼠
(n = 53)
强迫游泳(GD7~13, 2×20 min/d) +
束缚(GD14~20, 2×30 min/d)
观察法(PD2)
高架十字迷宫测试(PD2)
强迫游泳测试(PD21~22)
免疫荧光成像(PD21)
注意定势转移任务(PD21~23)
母性行为↓
认知功能↓
焦虑样行为=
抑郁样行为↑
内侧前额叶结构可塑性↓
Brummelte &
Galea, 2010
大鼠
(n = 46)
皮质酮注射(GD10~20和(或)
PD2~24)
观察法(PD2~8)
强迫游泳测试(PD21~22)
旷场测试(PD23)
免疫组化(PD25)
孕期或产后高剂量组母性行为↓
产后高剂量组抑郁样行为↑孕期和(或)产后高剂量组、产后低剂量组海马齿状回细胞增殖↓
  
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