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Advances in Psychological Science    2019, Vol. 27 Issue (12) : 2109-2121     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2019.02109
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Political skill: Consequences and theoretical explanation
WU Lunwen,YANG Fu()
School of Business Administration, Southwestern University of Finance and Economics, Chengdu 611130, China
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Abstract  

As a significant social ability, political skill is important for organizational core competitiveness. In recent years, political skill has received extensive attention from researchers. By using content analysis, we summarize the consequences and theoretical explanation of political skill, including social exchange theory, social influence theory, conservation of resources theory, social cognitive theory, and social capital theory. Future research should develop the concept and measurement of political skill in the Chinese organizational context, explorethe antecedents of political skill, examine the consequences of political skill from the team level, and focus on the effects of political skill based on conservation of resources theory.

Keywords political skill      theoretical perspective      consequences     
ZTFLH:  B849: C91  
Corresponding Authors: Fu YANG     E-mail: yfu@swufe.edu.cn
Issue Date: 21 October 2019
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Cite this article:   
Lunwen WU,Fu YANG. Political skill: Consequences and theoretical explanation[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2019, 27(12): 2109-2121.
URL:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2019.02109     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/Y2019/V27/I12/2109
研究者 维度 条目数 国家/地区 总量表α系数
Ferris et al., 1999 单维 6 美国 0.78
Ferris et al., 2005 四维:社会机敏性; 人际影响力;
网络能力; 外显真诚性;
18 美国 0.89
柳恒超 等, 2008 五维:处事圆通; 关系经营;
人际敏锐; 表现真诚; 面子和谐;
22 中国 0.67
Chen & Lin, 2014 四维:社交机敏性; 人际影响力;
网络能力; 外显真诚性;
15 中国台湾 0.92
  
理论基础 时间 合计
2011前 2012~2013 2014~2015 2016~2017 2018以后
社会交换理论 4 (2) 4 (1) 6 8 (1) 2 24
社会影响理论 4 (2) 5 (2) 6 7 (1) 2 24
资源保存理论 0 1 1 (1) 5 4 (1) 11
社会认知理论 2 (1) 0 4 (1) 2 1 9
社会资本理论 0 1 0 1 2 4
  
理论视角 理论基础 研究者 自变量 中介变量 结果变量 引用次数
社会交
换理论
当个体获得帮助和支持时, 将采取行动使得双方存在利益互惠, 以义务的方式回报对方的好处(Blau, 1964)。当领导与下属之间建立起高质量社会交换关系后, 作为对这种关系的回应, 领导和下属都会有积极的工作表现和互惠(House & Aditya, 1997)。 Ewen et al., 2013 领导政治技能 变革型领导行为 领导有效性、员工工作满意度 32
Brouer et al., 2013 领导政治技能 感知领导-成员关系质量 领导有效性、员工有效性 28
Dana et al., 2012 员工政治技能 工作关系质量与组织公民行为 积极的个人声誉 17
Epitropaki et al., 2016 员工政治技能 领导-成员关系质量 7
刘军 等, 2008 员工政治技能 员工-领导关系 职业发展 145
韩翼, 杨百寅, 2012 徒弟政治技能 师徒关系 徒弟职业成功 41
薛亦伦 等, 2016 员工政治技能 领导-成员关系 工作场所排斥 19
社会影
响理论
个体实施社会影响和赢得成功的关键, 主要取决于对所处环境人际互动的理解和控制能力(Levy et al., 1998)。 Munyon et al., 2015 个体政治技能 个人声誉 任务绩效 64
Todd et al., 2009 员工政治技能 职业满意度、生活满意度、感知外界市场 50
Bing et al., 2011 个体政治技能 关系绩效、任务绩效 40
Gentry et al., 2012 个体政治技能 领导行为 晋升评价 33
Cullen et al., 2014 员工政治技能 受欢迎程度 工作排斥、人际冲突 15
Dana Laird et al., 2012 个体政治技能 个人声誉 14
Brouer et al., 2015 个体政治技能 积极的印象管理策略 12
刘军 等, 2010 员工政治技能 个人声誉、个人权利 职业发展 73
薛亦伦 等, 2016 员工政治技能 工作排斥 19
资源保
存理论
人们总是努力获取、保护和维持他们认为宝贵的资源(Hobfoll, 1989), 如社会关系、社会支持和发展机会等。政治技能能够缓解个体工作压力和促进工作表现。 Wu et al., 2012 个体政治技能 缓冲职场排斥 63
Zhao & Xia, 2017 个体政治技能 工作场所排斥 5
韩翼, 杨百寅, 2014 领导政治技能 心理授权 员工组织承诺 16
社会认
知理论
个体在实施行动前, 将对自身机会、成果预期及过程控制等因素进行评估, 在评估基础上形成自我效能感, 并依据效能感水平的高低来决定是否采取行动(Bandura, 1986), Munyon et al., 2015 个体政治技能 自我效能感 任务绩效 64
王永跃 等, 2015 个体政治技能 建言效能感 建言行为 57
唐乐 等, 2015 个体政治技能 创新效能感 创新行为 11
社会资
本理论
社会资本作为关系网络中获取的重要资源, 包括结构、关系和认知三个维度(Burt, 1992; Nahapiet & Ghoshal, 1998)。 Tocher et al., 2012 企业家政治技能 财务绩效、企业绩效 13
Fang et al., 2015 企业家政治技能 企业绩效 12
  
  
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