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Advances in Psychological Science    2019, Vol. 27 Issue (11) : 1802-1811     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2019.01802
Conceptual Framework |
Constant connectivity attenuates autonomy: Mechanism and consequences
WANG Haixia1,JIA Huiyuan2,SUN Hailong3,LI Aimei1
1 Management School, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632, China
2 College of Business Administration, Capital University of Economics and Business, Beijing 100071, China
3 School of Business, Guangdong University of Foreign Studies, Guangzhou 510420, China
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Abstract  

The development of the Internet era has led to the three major changes: the interconnectedness of all things, the scarcity of time, and the exhaustion of emotions. A key concept that connects these three growing trends is autonomy. When employees fail to control their own time at work, they experience the scarcity of time and emotional exhaustion. Previous research has found that constant Internet connectivity increases an individual’s autonomy in general scenarios. However, when employees are in a state of unbalanced power-dependency, constant Internet connectivity might decrease autonomy. Based on the power-dependency theory, follower’s asymmetric dependence and paternalistic authoritarian leadership are required in these unbalanced relationships. This project aims at exploring from a new perspective when and why constant Internet connectivity reduces autonomy and what the corresponding consequences are. The theoretical model challenges the prevailing notion that Internet connectivity increases autonomy, and it constructs a new theoretical basis for understanding employees’ autonomy in the context of Internet connectivity.

Keywords power-dependency theory      autonomy      constant Internet connectivity      paternalistic authoritarian leadership      emotional exhaustion     
ZTFLH:  B849:C91  
Corresponding Authors: Aimei LI   
Issue Date: 23 September 2019
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Haixia WANG
Huiyuan JIA
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Aimei LI
Cite this article:   
Haixia WANG,Huiyuan JIA,Hailong SUN, et al. Constant connectivity attenuates autonomy: Mechanism and consequences[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2019, 27(11): 1802-1811.
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http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2019.01802     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/Y2019/V27/I11/1802
  
  
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