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Advances in Psychological Science    2019, Vol. 27 Issue (10) : 1677-1686     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2019.01677
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Age-related associative memory deficit and its influential factors
ZHAO Mengyang,GUO Ruoyu,MAO Weibin(),ZHAO Cancan
School of Psychology, Shandong Normal University, Jinan 250358, China
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Abstract  

Associative memory is generally impaired with age in older adults. It continues to be controversial about the mechanism of age-related associative memory deficit, whether the age-related associative memory deficit is a specific deficit caused by impaired binding function or a global deficit of information representation caused by impaired global cognitive function. The specific deficit view represented by the Associative Deficit Hypothesis (ADH) proposed by Naveh-Benjamin (2000) believed that the age-related associative memory deficit was associated with a deficit of specific processing processes for encoding and retrieving the binding of items in older adults. However, the global deficit view represented by the DRYAD model proposed by Benjamin (2010) suggested that the age-related associative memory deficit was linked to the global deficit in memory fidelity in the elderly. Both the ADH and the DRYAD model predict that associative memory will be impaired in older adults, but these two theories have their own different assumptions, corresponding empirical evidence, and some potential limitations. In addition, the factors affecting the age-related associative deficit were discussed from two aspects: the characteristics of the stimuli and participants. Future studies should not only focus on the cognitive mechanism and influencing factors of the age-related associative deficit, but also pay more attention to its practical application and clinical guiding value.

Keywords associative memory      aging      age-related associative deficit      global deficit view      specific deficit view     
ZTFLH:  B842  
Corresponding Authors: Weibin MAO     E-mail: wb_mao@163.com
Issue Date: 19 August 2019
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Mengyang ZHAO
Ruoyu GUO
Weibin MAO
Cancan ZHAO
Cite this article:   
Mengyang ZHAO,Ruoyu GUO,Weibin MAO, et al. Age-related associative memory deficit and its influential factors[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2019, 27(10): 1677-1686.
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http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2019.01677     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/Y2019/V27/I10/1677
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