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Advances in Psychological Science    2019, Vol. 27 Issue (10) : 1667-1676     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2019.01667
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Task-switching training and plasticity of executive function
WANG Ziyu,KONG Ziye,ZHU Rongjuan,YOU Xuqun()
Key Laboratory for Behavior and Cognitive Neuroscience of Shaanxi Province, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi’an 710062, China
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Abstract  

The task-switching training is one of the approaches used to improve executive functions. Different paradigms are used to study the effects of training. While, few studies have investigated that the task-switching training could reduce switch cost and improve the performance of other cognitive tasks. On the other hand, the effects could be maintained for a certain period of time. However, some studies did not find significant transfer effect. Therefore, training efficiency is also affected by age, participation’s other executive function components, cognitive flexibility, and strategy. Moreover, task-switching training may improve the ability of set-shifting through three ways: improve the ability to resolve task-setting conflicts, increase the participation of the frontal-parietal network, and establish bottom-up automatic control. Future research should standardize the existing research methods and procedures, consider the task switching training from the unity and diverse perspective. Research also needs to look for more flexible training methods, such as tDCS.

Keywords shifting      executive functions      task-switching training     
ZTFLH:  B842  
Corresponding Authors: Xuqun YOU     E-mail: youxuqun@snnu.edu.cn
Issue Date: 19 August 2019
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Ziyu WANG
Ziye KONG
Rongjuan ZHU
Xuqun YOU
Cite this article:   
Ziyu WANG,Ziye KONG,Rongjuan ZHU, et al. Task-switching training and plasticity of executive function[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2019, 27(10): 1667-1676.
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http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2019.01667     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/Y2019/V27/I10/1667
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