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Advances in Psychological Science    2019, Vol. 27 Issue (8) : 1363-1383     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2019.01363
Meta-Analysis |
The relationship between leadership styles and engagement: A meta-analysis
XU Yan1,LI Chaoping1,2()
1 School of Public Administration and Policy, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China
2 Management Institude of Xinxiang Medical University, Xinxiang 453003, China
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Abstract  

This article fills the void in leadership and engagement literature through conducting a quantitative review to explore the disparities among relationships between different leadership styles and engagement. Based on a meta-analysis of 148 cases and 162 independent effect sizes (N = 84836). We found positive associations between various leadership styles and engagement, and the results of relative weights analysis suggest that engagement was decrementally predicted by empowering leadership, ethical leadership, transformational leadership, leader-member exchange, authentic leadership, transactional leadership, servant leadership and paternalistic leadership. Moderator analyses revealed that the particular engagement scale, design of research and cultural background all produce meaningful influences on the relationships in the meta-analysis.

Keywords transformational leadership      leader-member exchange      authentic leadership      engagement      meta-analysis     
ZTFLH:  B849: C93  
Corresponding Authors: Chaoping LI     E-mail: lichaoping@ruc.edu.cn
Issue Date: 25 June 2019
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Cite this article:   
Yan XU,Chaoping LI. The relationship between leadership styles and engagement: A meta-analysis[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2019, 27(8): 1363-1383.
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http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2019.01363     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/Y2019/V27/I8/1363
自变量 研究数(k) N 异质性 Tau-squared
Q df (Q) I2 [95%CI] Tau2 H [95%CI]
TL 50 27498 783.97*** 49 93.7% [92.4%;94.7%] 0.03 3.98 [3.63; 4.36]
LMX 43 16316 492.36*** 42 91.5% [89.4%;93.1%] 0.03 3.42 [3.07; 4.82]
AL 22 7869 253.25*** 21 91.7% [88.8%;93.9%] 0.03 3.47 [2.98; 4.04]
EL 11 5591 101.91*** 10 90.2% [84.5%;93.8%] 0.02 3.19 [2.54; 4.02]
SL 8 2548 51.42*** 7 86.4% [75.2%;92.5%] 0.02 2.71 [2.01; 3.66]
TAL 6 1986 20.40*** 5 75.5% [44.7%;89.1%] 0.01 2.02 [1.35; 3.03]
EML 6 7468 71.13*** 5 93.0% [87.4%;96.1%] 0.03 3.77 [2.82; 5.05]
PAL 6 1842 11.86* 5 57.8% [0.0%;82.9%] 0.01 1.54 [1.00; 2.42]
  
  
  
  
自变量 Egger's回归系数检验 Begg秩相关检验
intercept SE t df p Z p
TL 0.25 1.16 0.22 48 0.830 -0.41 0.682
LMX 4.26 1.91 2.23 41 0.032 2.48 0.013
AL 2.36 2.91 0.81 20 0.428 -0.08 0.933
EL 0.03 3.71 0.01 9 0.993 0.70 0.484
SL 4.64 2.29 2.02 6 0.089 -0.247 0.805
TAL -2.80 1.73 -1.61 4 0.181 -0.94 0.348
EML -1.43 2.48 -0.58 4 0.594 -1.69 0.091
PAL 1.10 2.47 0.44 4 0.679 0.18 0.851
  
自变量 ZCOR 95% CI Z p
TL 0.48 [0.43; 0.53] 18.76 < 0.0001
LMX 0.46 [0.41; 0.51] 17.02 < 0.0001
AL 0.45 [0.37; 0.53] 11.28 < 0.0001
EL 0.50 [0.42; 0.58] 11.43 < 0.0001
SL 0.40 [0.29; 0.51] 6.87 < 0.0001
TAL 0.43 [0.33; 0.53] 8.21 < 0.0001
EML 0.61 [0.47; 0.76] 8.32 < 0.0001
PAL 0.28 [0.20; 0.35] 7.27 < 0.0001
  
研究变量 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
1 TL 1
k, N
2 LMX 0.64a 1
k, N 20, 4591
3 AL 0.67a 0.62a 1
k, N 10, 2397 4, 1468
4 EL 0.63a 0.65a 0.85 1
k, N 20, 3717 18, 4052 2, 440
5 SL 0.47a 0.59a 0.61 0.38 1
k, N 5, 774 4, 938 1, 1132 2, 1486
6 TAL 0.21 0.46 0.37a 0.61a 0.11 1
k, N 3, 601 1, 345 4, 770 13, 2232 1, 207
7 EML 0.73 0.62 0.53 0.86 0.34 1
k, N 3, 469 3, 1068 1, 259 1, 199 2, 394
8 PAL 0.56 0.39 0.58 0.70 0.49 1
4, 976 2, 868 1, 256 2, 1132 3, 688
9 EE 0.48 0.46 0.45 0.50 0.40 0.43 0.61 0.28 1
  
领导风格 LMX TL AL TL EL TL SL TL TAL TL EML TL PAL TL
相对权重 47 53 45 55 53 47 37 63 43 57 69 31 17 83
R2 0.27 0.26 0.30 0.27 0.34 0.38 0.23
  
调节变量 领导风格 类别 k N r 95%CI Qw I2 QB df
敬业度
测量工具
TL UWES 41 18073 0.42 [0.39:0.44] 1258.90 91.3 1.73 1
other 9 9807 0.46 [0.40; 0.52] 261.56 94.3
LMX UWES 30 12475 0.42 [0.38; 0.45] 244.23 86.5 4.58* 1
other 13 3840 0.54 [0.44; 0.64] 598.82 96.7
AL UWES 16 5227 0.38 [0.35; 0.41] 908.17 88.2 24.30** 2
other 5 1675 0.46 [0.42; 0.51] 95.54 81.2
研究设计 TL 横向 46 27184 0.43 [0.40; 0.45] 1538.86 92.3 1.61 1
纵向 4 431 0.32 [0.15; 0.47] 16.78 70.2
EL 横向 8 3898 0.51 [0.46; 0.56] 107.53 88.8 6.95** 1
纵向 3 1693 0.34 [0.22; 0.46] 14.52 86.2
文化背景 TL 东方 23 9313 0.47 [0.44; 0.50] 734.28 90.5 23.13*** 1
西方 27 18185 0.35 [0.31; 0.39] 651.82 91.7
LMX 东方 33 10938 0.49 [0.44; 0.54] 793.9 94.5 12.23*** 1
西方 10 5377 0.36 [0.31; 0.41] 45.95 80.4
AL 东方 17 6751 0.44 [0.42; 0.47] 771.00 90.4 31.18*** 1
西方 5 1118 0.30 [0.26; 0.34] 430.85 87.0
EL 东方 6 3040 0.51 [0.46; 0.56] 105.78 90.5 5.52* 1
西方 5 2551 0.40 [0.32; 0.48] 23.99 83.3
SL 东方 4 776 0.31 [0.24; 0.37] 1.91 0 4.42* 1
西方 4 1772 0.45 [0.33; 0.56] 23.14 87.0
TAL 东方 3 1446 0.49 [0.45; 0.53] 0.06 0 7.93** 1
西方 3 540 0.29 [0.15; 0.43] 8.17 63.3
  
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