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Advances in Psychological Science    2019, Vol. 27 Issue (7) : 1194-1204     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2019.01194
Research Method |
Single-item measures: Queries, responses and suggestions
WEI Xuhua,ZHANG Lianghua()
School of Management, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China
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Abstract  

Single-item measures have long been debated by researchers. Proponents advocate the efficiency of single-item measures, while opponents question reliability and validity of them. Through comprehensive qualitative and quantitative reviews, advantages and disadvantages of single-item measures are summarized, and doubts and debates in the literature are analyzed and responded specially. Through systematic review, results show that single-item measures have acceptable level of reliability and validity. More notably, the criterion-related validity of multi-item measures is not superior than single-item measures. With the review and current findings, issues that should be noted during the development and usage of single-item measures were addressed. Although multi-item measures are more acceptable, single-item measures may also have its legitimacy in academic research. That is, researchers should value the potential advantages and application scope of single-item measures, so that single-item measures can play its appropriate role in managerial psychology and social science research.

Keywords single-item      multi-item      measure      reliability      validity     
ZTFLH:  B841  
  B849  
Corresponding Authors: Lianghua ZHANG     E-mail: zlh331@qq.com
Issue Date: 22 May 2019
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Xuhua WEI
Lianghua ZHANG
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Xuhua WEI,Lianghua ZHANG. Single-item measures: Queries, responses and suggestions[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2019, 27(7): 1194-1204.
URL:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2019.01194     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/Y2019/V27/I7/1194
信度区间 单维构念 多维构念
再测信度 最小信度 再测信度 最小信度
数量 百分比 数量 百分比 数量 百分比 数量 百分比
小于0.60 8 13.33% 2 15.38% 1 33.33% 3 100%
0.60~0.69 11 18.33% 5 38.46% 2 66.67%
0.70~0.79 26 43.33% 4 30.77%
0.80~0.89 11 18.33% 1 7.69%
0.90~1.00 4 6.67% 1 7.69%
中位数 0.73 0.67 0.62 0.50
  
构念关系 k N r ρ 95%置信区间 QW 失安全系数
单题项测量与多题项测量
(聚合效度)
45 36930 0.64 0.72*** 0.66 0.77 2790.85*** 151303
单题项测量与相似构念
(区分效度)
51 25225 0.20 0.22*** 0.18 0.26 502.70*** 12479
  
构念关系 k N r ρ 95%置信区间 QW QB 失安全系数
单题项测量与效标 63 70478 0.11 0.12*** 0.07 0.18 2514.96*** 0.92 8323
多题项测量与效标 79 71872 0.14 0.16*** 0.11 0.21 3954.72*** 20413
  
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