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Advances in Psychological Science    2019, Vol. 27 Issue (3) : 544-556     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2019.00544
Regular Articles |
The relationship between wisdom and well-being: A perspective based on multiple orientations to well-being
FU Xurong,WEI Xindong,WANG Yuling,WANG Fengyan()
Institute of Moral Education Research, Nanjing Normal University; School of Psychology, Nanjing Normal University; Nanjing 210097, China
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Abstract  

Wisdom and well-being are universal human pursuits. The positive correlation between wisdom and eudaimonic well-being is generally recognized by researchers. However, the relationship between wisdom and hedonic well-being is still debated. Researchers have proposed the model of positive personality development and the developmental process model from the perspective of wisdom development to further explore the relationship between wisdom and well-being. Based on Chinese culture and research on wisdom and well-being, the present article proposes the developmental level model: With the growth of wisdom, the well-being of individuals varies in terms of sources, durations, and influences on physical and mental health. In the future, we should focus on solving two problems: 1) choosing and developing an appropriate tool for measuring wisdom and well-being, and 2) clarifying the causal relationship between wisdom and well-being.

Keywords wisdom      well-being      positive personality development      developmental process model      developmental level model     
ZTFLH:  B848  
Corresponding Authors: Fengyan WANG     E-mail: fywangjx8069@163.com
Issue Date: 22 January 2019
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Xurong FU
Xindong WEI
Yuling WANG
Fengyan WANG
Cite this article:   
Xurong FU,Xindong WEI,Yuling WANG, et al. The relationship between wisdom and well-being: A perspective based on multiple orientations to well-being[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2019, 27(3): 544-556.
URL:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2019.00544     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/Y2019/V27/I3/544
作者(年代) 文化
群体
年龄
跨度
测量智慧的
工具或范式
自我实现
幸福感的测量指标
相关系数
Staudinger et al. (1997) 德国人 19~87 BWM 开放性, 心理感受性 r开放性 = 0.42, r心理感受 = 0.28
Kunzmann & Baltes
(2003
)
德国人 15~70 BWM 价值观:自我成长、洞察力、增进友人福祉、社会贡献和生态保护, 合作倾向 r自我成长= 0.20, r洞察力 = 0.23,
r友人福祉 = 0.20, r生态保护= 0.17,
r社会贡献 = 0.17, r合作倾向 = 0.16
Ardelt (2003) 美国人 52~87 3D-WS 控制感, 人生目标 r控制感 = 0.63, r人生目标 = 0.61
Webster (2010) 加拿大人、中国人、印度人等 18~36 SAWS 价值观:自我成长、洞察力、增进友人福祉、社会贡献和生态保护, 生命态度 r自我成长 = 0.55, r洞察力 = 0.51,
r友人福祉 = 0.34, r生态保护 = 0.39,
r社会贡献 = 0.26, r生命态度 = 0.23
Le (2011) 美国人 39~96 3D-WS 价值观:自我提升(权力、快乐和成就), 开放性, 自我超越(仁慈和宇宙视野) r自我提升 = -0.08, ns
r
开放性 = 0.20, r自我超越 = 0.17
Ardelt (2011) 主体是澳大利亚人 18~68 3D-WS 心理幸福感 r =040~0.49
Taylor et al. (2011) 同上 同上 3D-WS, SAWS 心理幸福感 r3D-WS = 0.64, rSAWS = 0.46
Etezadi & Pushkar
(2013
)
具体不详, 说英语和法语 45~79 3D-WS 生活参与度, 感知控制 r生活参与= 0.35, r感知控制 = 0.40
Webster et al. (2012) 丹麦人 17~92 SAWS 心理幸福感 r = 0.44
Wink & Staudinger
(2015
)
美国中产阶级 68~77 BWM 人格成长(开放性、心理感受性、自我成长、自主性、人生目标), 创生 r人格成长 = 0.57, r创生 = 0.34
Ardelt, Gerlach, &
Vaillant (2018
)
美国人 平均80 3D-WS 开放性 r = 0.31
  
研究者(年代) 文化
群体
年龄
跨度
测量智慧的工具或范式 享乐主义
幸福感的测量指标
相关系数
智慧与享乐主义幸福感几乎无关
Wink & Helson (1997) 美国人 27~52 BWM 生活满意度和夫妻关系满意度 r生活满意度 = 0.16, ns,
r夫妻关系满意度 = 0.02, ns
Kunzmann & Baltes (2003) 德国人 15~70 BWM 情绪形容词 r快乐情绪 = -0.17,
r消极情绪 = -0.13,
r情绪卷入 = 0.28
Mickler & Staudinger (2008) 德国人 20~40
60~80
BWM 情绪形容词 r积极情绪 = 0.05~0.11, ns,
r消极情绪 = -0.02~0.04, ns
Le (2011) 美国人 39~96 ASTI 生活满意度 r = 0.09, ns
Grossmann et al. (2013) 美国人 25~90 智慧推理 积极情绪, 消极情绪, 人际关系质量, 反刍, 生活满意度, 人生叙事的情感语言 r生活满意度 = 0.17, r积极情绪=0.01, ns,
r消极情绪 = -0.27, r人际关系质量 = 0.25,
r情感语言 = 0.19
Hu, Huang, Ferrari, Wang, Xie, & Zhang (2018) 中国人 18~22 BWM 面部表情记录设备 r悲伤情绪 = 0.36
智慧与享乐主义幸福感中等正相关
Ardelt (1997) 美国人 58~82 3D-WS 生活满意度 r= 0.76, r = 0.70
Ardelt (2003) 美国人 52~87 3D-WS 一般幸福感和抑郁 r一般幸福感= 0.45, r抑郁 = -0.59
Neff, Rude, & Kirkpatrick (2007) 美国人 不详(大学生) 3D-WS 主观幸福感 r认知 = 0.11, ns,
r
反省 = 0.47, r情感 = 0.35
Beaumont (2009) 加拿大人 18~35 ASTI 主观幸福感 r = 0.48
Le (2011) 美国人 39~96 3D-WS 生活满意度 r = 0.33
Bergsma & Ardelt (2012) 丹麦人 20~70 3D-WS 快乐情绪 r = 0.30
Webster et al. (2012) 丹麦人 17~92 SAWS 快乐情绪 r = 0.30
Zacher, McKenna, & Rooney (2013) 美国人 16~74 3D-WS 生活满意度, 积极情绪, 消极情绪 r生活满意度 = 0.16, r积极情绪 = 0.14, r消极情绪 = -0.29
Etezadi & Pushkar (2013) 具体不详, 说英语和法语 45~79 3D-WS 积极情绪, 消极情绪 r积极情绪 = 0.34, r消极情绪 = -0.27
Wink & Staudinger (2015) 美国人 68~77 BWM 人格适应(宜人性、责任心、低神经质, 环境控制、积极人际关系、自我接纳) r人格适应 = 0.25
Ardelt & Jeste (2016) 美国人 51~99 3D-WS 生活满意度, 一般幸福感, 积极情绪, 心理健康 r生活满意度 = 0.29, r一般幸福感 = 0.35,
r积极情绪= 0.34, r心理健康 = 0.33
Thomas, Bangen, Ardelt, & Jeste (2017) 美国人 21~100 3D-WS 心理健康, 一般幸福感, 焦虑, 生活满意度 r心理健康 = 0.26, r一般幸福感 = 0.35,
r焦虑 = -0.27, r生活满意度 = 0.30
Ardelt et al. (2018) 美国人 平均80 3D-WS 一般幸福感 r = 0.17
  
  
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