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Advances in Psychological Science    2019, Vol. 27 Issue (2) : 329-343     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2019.00329
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The characteristics, mechanisms and interventions of drug addicts' decision-making defects
Ling YANG, Dongwei YAO(), Hua CAO, Binqiang WANG, Yuanyuan HE, Hongting SU
School of Psychology, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou 730070, China
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Drug addicts have decision-making defects, and show the characteristics of impulsivity, risk-taking, dysfunctional reward processing, and lack of signals in bodies. Neuroimaging studies have shown that abuse of addictive drugs may cause damage to some brain areas such as DLPFC, ACC, OFC, VMPFC, Amygdala, Insula, etc, that may be incur addicts' decision-making defects. Cognitive training is beneficial to improve individuals' decision-making ability, for instance, goal management training and mindfulness meditation can improve working memory, promote self-awareness and goal oriented behavior; while, noninvasive brain stimulation can directly change the active state of addicts' brain regions that related to decision-making, hence, the cognitive function related to decision-making is improved. All in all, in the future cognitive training and noninvasive brain stimulation still have a broad space to expand in the aspect of addiction intervention.

Keywords drug addiction      decision-making defects      addiction intervention      impulsivity      risk-taking      dysfunctional reward processing     
PACS:  B845  
Corresponding Authors: Dongwei YAO     E-mail:
Issue Date: 25 December 2018
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Dongwei YAO
Binqiang WANG
Yuanyuan HE
Hongting SU
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Ling YANG,Dongwei YAO,Hua CAO, et al. The characteristics, mechanisms and interventions of drug addicts' decision-making defects[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2019, 27(2): 329-343.
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