Please wait a minute...
Advances in Psychological Science    2018, Vol. 26 Issue (10) : 1711-1723     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2018.01711
|
Socio-environmental impacts and social licence: A critical review and future directions
ZHANG Airong1(),CHEN Jun-Fang2,3,KUANG Yi2,3,WANG Xiao-Ming2,3,WU Xiao-Ju2,3,YANG Shu-Wen2,3,ZHENG Rui2,3,LI Shu2,3
1 Adaptive Urban and Social Systems, Land and Water, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Qld 4102, Australia
2 CAS Key Laboratory of Behavioral Science, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
3 Department of Psychology, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
Download: PDF(579 KB)   HTML
Export: BibTeX | EndNote | Reference Manager | ProCite | RefWorks     Supporting Info
Guide   
Abstract  

Public awareness of environmental issues and engagement in environmental protection has been greatly improved with the rapid economic development. As a result, the deployment of projects with potential impacts on environment and human societies faces substantial challenge from the public. To ensure the success of such projects, receiving only government approval and meeting legal and regulation requirements is no longer enough. Public acceptance becomes essential, that is to acquire a social licence to operate (SLO). Projects without the SLO can be faced with great risks and financial loss. Although having gained widespread attention in mining, chemical industries and other related fields, the concept of SLO has gained attention from psychologists quite recently. The present article reviews the origin and measurement of the concept of SLO, as well as the approaches to obtain and maintain a SLO. We further highlight the fundamental drivers of SLO and the implications for policy makers. Future directions are discussed to address the challenges regarding the measurement and acquisition of SLO.

Keywords social licence to operate      community      stakeholder      psychological typhoon eye effect      environmental impact      community environment     
Fund:*2016 Australian Studies Program jointly funded by the Foundation for the Australian Studies in China and the Australia-China Council .(ABN 23 151 021 037)
Corresponding Authors: Airong ZHANG     E-mail: zhang@csiro.au
Issue Date: 27 August 2018
Service
E-mail this article
E-mail Alert
RSS
Articles by authors
ZHANG Airong
CHEN Jun-Fang
KUANG Yi
WANG Xiao-Ming
WU Xiao-Ju
YANG Shu-Wen
ZHENG Rui
LI Shu
Cite this article:   
ZHANG Airong,CHEN Jun-Fang,KUANG Yi, et al. Socio-environmental impacts and social licence: A critical review and future directions[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2018, 26(10): 1711-1723.
URL:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2018.01711     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/Y2018/V26/I10/1711
  
  
  
1 何贵兵, 李纾, 梁竹苑 . ( 2018). 以小拨大: 行为决策助推社会发展. 心理学报, 50( 8), 803-813.
url: http://cpfd.cnki.com.cn/Article/CPFDTOTAL-ZGXG201610001165.htm
2 李纾 . ( 2016). 既非“胡萝卜”也非“大棒”: 助推社会发展的一条新捷径. 管理视野, 6, 92-96.
3 梁哲, 许洁虹, 李纾, 孙彦, 刘长江, 叶先宝 . ( 2008). 突发公共安全事件的风险沟通难题——从心理学角度的观察. 自然灾害学报, 17( 2), 25-30.
4 刘翠翠, 陈彬, 刘磊鑫, 原献学, 汪祚军 . ( 2013). 当局者迷, 旁观者清?自我-他人决策的理性差异及其机制. 心理科学进展, 21( 5), 879-885.
5 孙红月 . ( 2014). 负折扣现象产生的心理机制研究(博士学位论文). 中国科学院大学, 北京.
6 王小明 . ( 2013 (2013, July 20). 中核集团江门项目胎死腹中, 官员惋惜损失税收30亿 [网络新闻评论]. 转载自
url: http://finance.sina.com.cn/chanjing/gsnews/20130720/000816186264.shtml
7 Besley,J. C . ( 2010). Public engagement and the impact of fairness perceptions on decision favorability and acceptance. Science Communication, 32( 2), 256-280.
url: http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1075547009358624
8 Boutilier,R. G . ( 2014). Frequently asked questions about the social licence to operate. Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal, 32( 4), 263-272.
url: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/14615517.2014.941141
9 Boutilier R. G., Black L. D., & Thomson I . ( 2012). From metaphor to management tool: How the social license to operate can stabilise the socio-political environment for business. International Mine Management Proceedings, 227-237.
10 Boutilier, R. G., &Thomson I. , (2011). Modelling and measuring the social license to operate: fruits of a dialogue between theory and practice. Queensland, Australia: International Mine Management.
11 Buitrago, I . ( 2013). Mining, capacity-building and social license: making the links. 23rd World Mining Congress( pp.1-15). Canadian Institute of Mining, Metallurgy and Petroleum.
url: http://espace.library.uq.edu.au/view/UQ:325363
12 Bunnell, F. (2013). Social licence in British Columbia: some implications for energy development. Journal of Ecosystems & Management, 14( 2), 1-16.
url: http://www.researchgate.net/publication/260187320_Social_Licence_in_British_Columbia_Some_Implications_for_Energy_Development
13 Corscadden K., Wile A., & Yiridoe E . ( 2012). Social license and consultation criteria for community wind projects. Renewable Energy, 44( 4), 392-397.
url: http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0960148112001462
14 Edwards, P., &Lacey J. , (2014). Can’t climb the trees anymore: social licence to operate, bioenergy and whole stump removal in Sweden. Social Epistemology, 28( 3-4), 239-257.
url: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/02691728.2014.922637
15 Ernest, & Young. ( 2016. Top 10 business risks facing mining and metals, 2016-2017. Retrieved from 2016). Top 10 business risks facing mining and metals, 2016-2017. Retrieved from
url: http://www.ey.com/Publication/vwLUAssets/EY-business-risks-in-mining-and-metals-2016-2017/%24FILE/EY-business-risks-in-mining-and-metals-2016-2017.pdf
16 Franks D. M., Davis R., Bebbington A. J., Ali S. H., Kemp D., & Scurrah M . ( 2014). Conflict translates environmental and social risk into business costs. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 111( 21), 7576-7581.
pmid: 24821758 url: http://www.pnas.org/cgi/doi/10.1073/pnas.1405135111
17 Frederick S., Loewenstein G., & O'Donoghue T . ( 2002). Time discounting and time preference: A critical review. Journal of Economic Literature, 40( 2), 351-401.
url: http://pubs.aeaweb.org/doi/abs/10.1257/002205102320161311
18 Garcia-Retamero R., Okan Y., & Maldonado A . ( 2015). The impact of depression on self-other discrepancies in decision making. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 28( 1), 89-100.
url: http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/bdm.v28.1
19 Goldstuck, A., & Hughes T., ( 2010). Securing a social licence to operate? From stone age to new age mining in Tanzania. Research Report 7: Governance of Africa’s resources programme. South African Institute of International Affairs, Johannesburg, South Africa.
20 Guedeney, C ., & Mendel , G. ( 1973). L'angoisse atomique et les centrales nucléaires: Contribution psychanalytique et sociopsychanalytique à l'étude d'un phénomÈne collectif. Payot.
21 Gunningham N., Kagan R. A., & Thornton D . ( 2004). Social license and environmental protection: Why businesses go beyond compliance. Law & Social Inquiry, 29( 2), 307-341.
url: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1747-4469.2004.tb00338.x/full
22 Guo Y., Ru P., Su J., & Anadon L. D . ( 2015). Not in my backyard, but not far away from me: Local acceptance of wind power in China. Energy, 82, 722-733.
url: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0360544215001061
23 Hall, N. L . ( 2014). The discourse of “social licence to operate”: case study of the Australian wind industry. AIMS Energy, 2( 4), 443-460.
url: http://www.researchgate.net/publication/280777582_The_discourse_of_social_licence_to_operate_case_study_of_the_Australian_wind_industry
24 Hall N. L., Ashworth P., & Shaw H . ( 2012). Exploring community acceptance of rural wind farms in Australia: A snapshot. Brisbane: CSIRO Science into Society Group.
25 Harvey, B. ( 2014). Social development will not deliver social licence to operate for the extractive sector. The Extractive Industries and Society, 1( 1), 7-11.
url: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2214790X13000038
26 Henisz W. J., Dorobantu S., & Nartey L. J . ( 2014). Spinning gold: The financial returns to stakeholder engagement. Strategic Management Journal, 35( 12), 1727-1748.
url: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/smj.2180/pdf
27 Higgins, E. T . ( 1997). Beyond pleasure and pain. American psychologist, 52( 12), 1280-1300.
url: http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/0003-066X.52.12.1280
28 House, E. J . ( 2013). Fractured fairytales: The failed social license for unconventional oil and gas development. Wyoming Law Review, 13( 1), 5-67.
29 Hsee, C. K., & Weber, E. U . ( 1997). A fundamental prediction error: Self-others discrepancies in risk preference. Journal of Experimental Psychology General, 126( 1), 45-53.
url: http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/0096-3445.126.1.45
30 Jorgensen, D. ( 2006). Hinterland history: The Ok Tedi mine and its cultural consequences in Telefolmin. The Contemporary Pacific, 18( 2), 233-263.
url: http://www.jstor.org/stable/23721820
31 Kemp D., Owen J. R., Gotzmann N., & Bond C. J . ( 2011). Just relations and company-community conflict in mining. Journal of Business Ethics, 101( 1), 93-109. doi: 10.1007/ s10551-010-0711-y.
doi: 10.1007/ s10551-010-0711-y url: http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10551-010-0711-y
32 Knih, D. ( 2004). Community engagement as conflict prevention: Understanding the social license to operate (Unpublished Doctoral dissertation). Canada University of Victoria. Retrieved from https://dspace.library.uvic.ca// handle/1828/4338
33 Kyle G., Graefe A., Manning R., & Bacon J . ( 2004). Effect of activity involvement and place attachment on recreationists’ perceptions of setting density. Journal of Leisure Research, 36( 2), 209-231.
url: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00222216.2004.11950020
34 Lacey J., Carr-Cornish S., Zhang A., Eglinton K., & Moffat K . ( 2017). The art and science of community relations: Procedural fairness at Newmont's Waihi Gold operations, New Zealand. Resources Policy, 52, 245-254.
35 Lacey, J., Parsons, R. &Moffat K. , ( 2012). Exploring the concept of a Social Licence to Operate in the Australian minerals industry: Results from interviews with industry representatives. EP125553. CSIRO, Brisbane.
36 Li, S., & Lee Wong, S. M . ( 2005). A study on Singaporeans’ perceptions of sexual harassment from a crosscultural perspective. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 35( 4), 699-717.
url: http://blackwell-synergy.com/doi/abs/10.1111/jasp.2005.35.issue-4
37 Li S., Rao L.-L., Bai X.-W., Zheng R., Ren X.-P., Li J.-Z., .. Zhang K . ( 2010). Progression of the “psychological typhoon eye” and variations since the Wenchuan earthquake. PLoS One, 5( 3), e9727.
38 Li S., Rao L.-L., Ren X.-P., Bai X.-W., Zheng R., Li J.-Z., .. Liu H . ( 2009). Psychological typhoon eye in the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake. PLoS One, 4( 3), e4964.
pmid: 2654756 url: http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/articlerender.cgi?accid=PMC2654756
39 Litmanen T., Jartti T., & Rantala E . ( 2016). Refining the preconditions of a social licence to operate (SLO): reflections on citizens’ attitudes towards mining in two Finnish regions. The Extractive Industries and Society, 3( 3), 782-792.
40 Lynch‐Wood, G., & Williamson D. , ( 2007). The social licence as a form of regulation for small and medium enterprises. Journal of Law and Society, 34( 3), 321-341.
url: http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/toc/jols/34/3
41 Maderthaner R., Guttmann G., Swaton E., & Otway H. J . ( 1978). Effect of distance upon risk perception. Journal of Applied Psychology, 63( 3), 380-382.
url: http://content.apa.org/journals/apl/63/3/380
42 Martinez, C., &Franks,D. M . ( 2014). Does mining company-sponsored community development influence social licence to operate? evidence from private and state-owned companies in Chile. Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal, 32( 4), 294-303.
url: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/14615517.2014.929783
43 Moffat K., Lacey J., Zhang A., & Leipold S . ( 2016). The social licence to operate: A critical review. Forestry: An International Journal of Forest Research, 89( 5), 477-488.
url: http://forestry.oxfordjournals.org/content/89/5/477.short
44 Moffat, K ., & Zhang A. , ( 2014). The paths to social licence to operate: An integrative model explaining community acceptance of mining. Resources Policy, 39( 1), 61-70.
url: http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0301420713001141
45 Nealey S. M., Melber B. D., & Rankin W. L . ( 1983). Public opinion and nuclear energy. ( No. DOE/NBM-4014414). DC Heath and Company, Lexington, MA.
46 Nelsen, J. ( 2007). Social license to operate: Integration into mine planning and development (Unpublished Doctoral dissertation, University of British Columbia). Canada Simon Fraser University. Retrieved from . 0081173
url: https://open. library.ubc.ca/cIRcle/collections/ubctheses/831/items/1
47 Nelsen, J., & Scoble M ., ( 2007, June). Research studies on building social license within mineral exploration. In 3rd International Conference Sustainable Development Indicators in the Minerals Industry. Heliotopos Publications, Greece( pp. 345-49).
url: http://www.researchgate.net/publication/282822558_Research_Studies_on_Building_Social_License_within_Mineral_Exploration
48 Okeke,C. U., & Armour, A. ( 2000). Post-landfill siting perceptions of nearby residents: A case study of Halton landfill. Applied Geography, 20( 2), 137-154.
url: http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0143622800000035
49 Owen,J. R . ( 2016). Social license and the fear of Mineras Interruptus. Geoforum, 77, 102-105.
url: https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0016718516302378
50 Owen,J. R., & Kemp, D. (2013). Social licence and mining: A critical perspective. Resources Policy, 38( 1), 29-35.
url: http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0301420712000529
51 Petrova, M. A . ( 2016). From NIMBY to acceptance: Toward a novel framework — VESPA — for organizing and interpreting community concerns. Renewable Energy, 86, 1280-1294.
url: https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0960148115303268
52 Polman, E . ( 2010). Information distortion in self-other decision making. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 46( 2), 432-435.
url: http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0022103109002753
53 Polman, E . ( 2012). Effects of self-other decision making on regulatory focus and choice overload. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 102( 5), 980-993.
pmid: 22429272 url: http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/a0026966
54 Prno, J . ( 2013). An analysis of factors leading to the establishment of a social licence to operate in the mining industry. Resources Policy, 38( 4), 577-590.
url: http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0301420713000810
55 Prno, J ., & Slocombe D.S, . ( 2012). Exploring the origins of ‘social license to operate’ in the mining sector: Perspectives from governance and sustainability theories. Resources Policy, 37( 3), 346-357.
url: http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0301420712000311
56 Rollero, C., & Piccoli, N.D . ( 2010). Place attachment, identification and environment perception: An empirical study. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 30( 2), 198-205.
url: http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0272494409001066
57 Samuelson, P.A . ( 1937). A note on measurement of utility. Review of Economic Studies, 4( 2), 155-161.
url: https://academic.oup.com/restud/article-lookup/doi/10.2307/2967612
58 Shafir, E. ( 1993). Choosing versus rejecting: Why some options are both better and worse than others. Memory & Cognition, 21( 4), 546-556.
pmid: 8350746 url: http://europepmc.org/abstract/med/8350746
59 Siegrist M., Connor M., & Keller C . ( 2012). Trust, confidence, procedural fairness, outcome fairness, moral conviction, and the acceptance of GM field experiments. Risk Anal, 32( 8), 1394-1403.
url: http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/j.1539-6924.2011.01739.x
60 Smits C. C. A., Justinussen J. C. S., & Bertelsen R. G . ( 2016). Human capital development and a social license to operate: examples from arctic energy development in the Faroe Islands, Iceland and Greenland. Energy Research & Social Science, 16, 122-131.
61 Solomon F., Katz E., & Lovel R . ( 2008). Social dimensions of mining: Research, policy and practice challenges for the minerals industry in Australia. Resources Policy, 33( 3), 142-149.
url: http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0301420708000251
62 Stedman,R. C . ( 2002). Toward a social psychology of place: Predicting behavior from place-based cognitions, attitude, and identity. Environment and Behavior, 34( 5), 561-581.
url: http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0013916502034005001
63 Stone E. R., Yates A. J., & Caruthers A. S . ( 2002). Risk taking in decision making for others versus the self. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 32( 9), 1797-1824.
url: http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/toc/jasp/32/9
64 Thomson, I., & Boutilier, R.G . ( 2011). Social license to operate. SME Mining Engineering Handbook, 1, 1779-1796.
65 Thomson I. , & Boutilier, R. G. (2011). The social licence to operate. In: Darling, P. (Ed.), SME Mining Engineering Handbook. Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration (pp. 673-690). Colorado, America.
url: http://www.researchgate.net/publication/285474394_The_social_licence_to_operate
66 Thomson I., & Joyce S ., ( 2006). Changing mineral exploration industry approaches to sustainability. In Doggett, M., Parry, J.( Eds.), Wealth Creation in the Minerals Industry: Integrating Science, Business and Education. Society of Economic Geologists
url: http://www.researchgate.net/publication/285798892_Changing_mineral_exploration_industry_approaches_to_sustainability?ev=auth_pub
67 Tyler, T. R . ( 2000). Social justice: outcome and procedure. International Journal of Psychology, 35( 2), 117-125.
url: http://doi.wiley.com/10.1080/002075900399411
68 Tyler T. R. ( 2015). Social justice. In: Mikulincer, M., Shaver, P.R., Dovidio, J.F., Simpson, J.A. (Eds.), APA Handbook of Personality and Social Psychology, Volume 2: Group processes (pp. 95-122). Washington, D.C., US.
69 Van Vugt M ., ( 2001). Community identification moderating the impact of financial incentives in a natural social dilemma: Water conservation. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 27( 11), 1440-1449.
70 Vorkinn, M., & Riese, H. ( 2001). Environmental concern in a local context: The significance of place attachment. Environment and behavior, 33( 2), 249-263.
url: http://psycnet.apa.org/record/2002-02404-005
71 Voyer M., Gladstone W., & Goodall H . ( 2014). Understanding marine park opposition: The relationship between social impacts, environmental knowledge and motivation to fish. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 24( 4), 441-462.
72 Wang F., Li S., Bai X-W., Ren X-P., Rao L-L., Li J-Z., … Zheng R . ( 2015). Town mouse or country mouse: identifying a town dislocation effect in Chinese urbanization. PLoS ONE, 10( 5), e0125821.
pmid: 4431860 url: http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0125821
73 Warren, B . ( 2013). The Australian seafood industry: Extension and social licence . Extension Farming Systems Journal, 9(1), 190-195.
url: http://search.informit.com.au/documentSummary;dn=409320296234745;res=IELHSS;subject=Business
74 Wei Z-H., Tao R., Liu H., & Li S . ( 2017). ‘Freedom from fear and want’ and our psychological response to environmental changes. Journal of Pacific Rim Psychology, 11, e10.
url: http://www.researchgate.net/publication/319272795_'Freedom_From_Fear_and_Want'_and_Our_Psychological_Response_to_Environmental_Changes
75 Whiteman, G. &Mamen K. , ( 2002). Meaningful consultation and participation in the mining sector? A review of the consultation and participation of indigenous peoples within the international mining sector. Ottawa, ON: The North-South Institute. Retrieved from
url: http://citeseerx. ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.199.2901&rep=rep1&type=pdf
76 Wilburn, K. M., & Wilburn, R . ( 2011). Achieving social license to operate using stakeholder theory. Journal of International Business Ethics, 4( 2), 3-17.
url: http://www.researchgate.net/publication/284663470_Achieving_social_license_to_operate_using_stakeholder_theory
77 Wittneben, B. B. F . ( 2012). The impact of the Fukushima nuclear accident on European energy policy. Environmental Science & Policy, 15( 1), 1-3.
url: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1462901111001444
78 Yates, B. F. &Horvath, C.L . ( 2013). Social license to operate: How to get it, and how to keep it. Pacific Energy Summit.
url: http://www.mendeley.com/catalog/social-license-operate-it-keep-it/
79 Zhang A., Measham T. G., & Moffat K . ( 2018). Preconditions for social licence: The importance of information in initial engagement. Journal of Cleaner Production, 172, 1559-1566.
url: http://www.researchgate.net/publication/322264692_Preconditions_for_social_licence_The_importance_of_information_in_initial_engagement
80 Zhang, A., & Moffat, K. ( 2015). A balancing act: the role of benefits, impacts and confidence in governance in predicting acceptance of mining in Australia. Resources Policy, 44, 25-34.
url: https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0301420715000069
81 Zhang A., Moffat K., Lacey J., Wang J., González R., Uribe K., … Dai Y . ( 2015). Understanding the social licence to operate of mining at the national scale: a comparative study of Australia, China and Chile. Journal of Cleaner Production, 108, 1063-1072.
url: https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0959652615010264
82 Zheng R., Rao L-L., Zheng X-L., Cai C., Wei Z-H., Xuan Y-H., & Li S . ( 2015). The more involved in lead-zinc mining risk the less frightened: A psychological typhoon eye perspective. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 44, 126-134.
url: https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0272494415300384
[1] LI Xu; CHEN Hong; LI Bingbing; LIAO Jun; YANG Ting; LIU Shuyang. Sense of Community: Concepts, Values, Theories and Advances[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2015, 23(7): 1280-1288.
[2] WANG Caiyu. The Connotation, Mechanism and Effects of Self-Brand Connections[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2013, 21(5): 922-933.
[3] SHEN Jie;WANG Yong. Formation and Development of Brand Community:
the Perspective of Social Identity and Theory of Planned Behavior
[J]. , 2010, 18(06): 1018-1024.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
Copyright © Advances in Psychological Science
Support by Beijing Magtech