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Advances in Psychological Science    2018, Vol. 26 Issue (7) : 1213-1222     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2018.01213
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Effects of light on alertness
Tianxin MAO1,Xiao XIONG1,Jinghua LI1,Ying YAO1,Jian YANG1,Xiaoran LI3,Guofu ZHOU2,3()
1 School of Psychology, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, China
2 Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Optical Information Materials and Technology & Institute of Electronic Paper Displays, South China Academy of Advanced Optoelectronics, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510006, China;
3 Shenzhen Guohua Optoelectronics Tech. Co. Ltd., Shenzhen 518110, China
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Abstract  

Besides affecting vision, light exerts powerful non-visual effects on a wide range of biological functions and behaviors, such as modulating circadian rhythm, melatonin suppression, and acute alertness. Comprehensive studies on the effect of light on human circadian rhythm now lead more researchers to pay attention to the effects of light on acute alertness. Here, we summarized (1) different measures of alertness, (2) factors that may influence the effect of light on alertness like illuminance, exposure, timing, wavelength and color temperature, (3) promising applications of the alerting effect of light in some affective disorders, circadian rhythm, and office lighting, and (4) future directions focusing on investigation of neural mechanisms, optimal lighting characteristics, and potential confounds.

Keywords light      alertness      melatonin      intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cells      circadian rhythm     
ZTFLH:  B845  
Corresponding Authors: Guofu ZHOU     E-mail: guofu.zhou@m.scnu.edu.cn
Issue Date: 29 May 2018
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Tianxin MAO
Xiao XIONG
Jinghua LI
Ying YAO
Jian YANG
Xiaoran LI
Guofu ZHOU
Cite this article:   
Tianxin MAO,Xiao XIONG,Jinghua LI, et al. Effects of light on alertness[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2018, 26(7): 1213-1222.
URL:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2018.01213     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/Y2018/V26/I7/1213
  
  
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