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Advances in Psychological Science    2018, Vol. 26 Issue (7) : 1193-1203     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2018.01193
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The effects of early life stress on emotion regulation and the underlying mechanisms
Huihui ZHANG,Liang ZHANG()
Department of Psychology, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 10049, China
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Abstract  

Individuals experiencing early life stress (ELS) are at a higher risk of mental/behavioral disorders such as depression and violence, the difficulties of emotion regulation might be one of the underlying mechanisms. ELS individuals use maladaptive strategies (such as avoidance and rumination) more frequently than normal individuals. And most of the studies found that ELS impaired the ability of emotion regulation. However, moderate ELS may enhance the ability of emotion regulation. Besides, emotion regulation moderated the relationship between ELS and mental/behavior disorders. Furthermore, we explored the neural mechanisms of how ELS influences emotion regulation. Finally, we made a summary and pointed out future directions.

Keywords early life stress      emotion regulation      reappraisal      prefrontal cortex      amygdala     
ZTFLH:  B845  
Corresponding Authors: Liang ZHANG     E-mail: zhangl@psych.ac.cn
Issue Date: 29 May 2018
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Huihui ZHANG,Liang ZHANG. The effects of early life stress on emotion regulation and the underlying mechanisms[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2018, 26(7): 1193-1203.
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http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2018.01193     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/Y2018/V26/I7/1193
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