ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R
主办:中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

Advances in Psychological Science ›› 2018, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (6): 984-993.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2018.00984

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The affects of facial expression and gaze direction on face processing: Based on perceptual load theory

ZHANG Kaili, ZHOU Pei, WANG Pei()   

  1. Department of Psychology, Shanghai Normal University, Shanghai 200234, China
  • Received:2016-01-08 Online:2018-06-10 Published:2018-04-28
  • Contact: Pei WANG E-mail:wangpei1970@163.com

Abstract:

As perceptual load theory of attention posits, the effectiveness of selective attention in excluding perception of irrelevant distractors depends on the perceptual load associated with the relevant task. If the perceptual load of the relevant task is sufficiently high so as to require all available attentional capacity, thus the processing of task-irrelevant distractors is prevented. However, facial processing is special, irrelevant face can be processed regardless of the level of perceptual load. And facial expression and gaze direction may be affected by perceptual load. Some studies showed that negative emotions was less affected by the perceptual load, compared with positive and neutral emotions; Perception of direct gaze does not require focus of attention. In the future, we can extend to investigate the effects of some categories such as race, sex, and age in different levels of perceptual load.

Key words: face perfection, perceptual load, attention resources, facial expression, gaze orientation

CLC Number: