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Advances in Psychological Science    2018, Vol. 26 Issue (6) : 984-993     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2018.00984
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The affects of facial expression and gaze direction on face processing: Based on perceptual load theory
Kaili ZHANG,Pei ZHOU,Pei WANG()
Department of Psychology, Shanghai Normal University, Shanghai 200234, China
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Abstract  

As perceptual load theory of attention posits, the effectiveness of selective attention in excluding perception of irrelevant distractors depends on the perceptual load associated with the relevant task. If the perceptual load of the relevant task is sufficiently high so as to require all available attentional capacity, thus the processing of task-irrelevant distractors is prevented. However, facial processing is special, irrelevant face can be processed regardless of the level of perceptual load. And facial expression and gaze direction may be affected by perceptual load. Some studies showed that negative emotions was less affected by the perceptual load, compared with positive and neutral emotions; Perception of direct gaze does not require focus of attention. In the future, we can extend to investigate the effects of some categories such as race, sex, and age in different levels of perceptual load.

Keywords face perfection      perceptual load      attention resources      facial expression      gaze orientation     
ZTFLH:  B842  
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Corresponding Authors: Pei WANG     E-mail: wangpei1970@163.com
Issue Date: 28 April 2018
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Kaili ZHANG
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Kaili ZHANG,Pei ZHOU,Pei WANG. The affects of facial expression and gaze direction on face processing: Based on perceptual load theory[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2018, 26(6): 984-993.
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http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2018.00984     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/Y2018/V26/I6/984
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