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Advances in Psychological Science    2018, Vol. 26 Issue (2) : 254-261     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2018.00254
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 The advantage in recognition of happy faces and its cognitive neural mechanism
 YU Mingyang1; LI Fuhong2; CAO Bihua2
 (1 Research Center of Brain and Cognitive Science, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, China) (2 School of Psychology, Jiangxi Normal University, Nanchang 330022, China)
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Abstract    There is an advantage in the recognition of happy faces, such that happy facial expressions are identified more accurately and quickly than other types of facial expressions. This phenomenon has been found in a large number of studies utilizing either expression categorization tasks or visual search tasks, in which schematic faces and facial expressions were used as stimuli. There are three theoretical explanations for this advantage: the diagnostic value hypothesis, affective uniqueness hypothesis and frequency of occurrence hypothesis. In recent years, event-related-potential (ERP) studies have found that this advantage is formed in the response selection stage of the recognition process, but it remains unclear when this advantage initially emerges. Future studies using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) methods are necessary to investigate the cognitive neural mechanism of this advantage in recognition of happy faces.
Keywords the advantage in recognition of happy faces      expression categorization tasks      visual search tasks      cognitive neural mechanism     
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Corresponding Authors: CAO Bihua, E-mail: caobihua@jxnu.edu.cn   
Issue Date: 26 December 2017
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YU Mingyang,LI Fuhong,CAO Bihua.  The advantage in recognition of happy faces and its cognitive neural mechanism[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2018, 26(2): 254-261.
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http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2018.00254     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/Y2018/V26/I2/254
[1] LI He;CAI Houde. The Modulation of Emotion on the Attentional Function Networks[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2013, 21(1): 59-67.
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