Please wait a minute...
Advances in Psychological Science    2018, Vol. 26 Issue (8) : 1501-1510     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2018.001501
Regular Articles |
The interventions of job crafting: A cultivation of employees’ work initiative
Changjiang XU(),Shi CHEN
Department of psychology, Zhejiang Normal University, Jinhua 321004, China
Download: PDF(461 KB)   HTML
Export: BibTeX | EndNote | Reference Manager | ProCite | RefWorks     Supporting Info

The job crafting theory emphasizes that employees’ spontaneity and initiative to reshape their work from the bottom up. Within the realm of organization behavior, how to intervene the job crafting of employees has garnered the most attention in recent years. In the current intervention research, the intervention mainly includes three aspects: motivating employees’ crafting motivation, helping employees to form a good crafting awareness and cultivating employees' crafting behavior. These three aspects are closely connected, and researchers can choose to intervene in one area or in all three areas. Job crafting intervention can be implemented through theory learning, plan making and executing, feedback and discussion. Future research needs to continue to explore the concept, structure and measurement tools of job crafting, provide support for intervention research, enrich the types of intervention research, improve intervention research techniques, and try to use modern science and technology resources to promote the modernization of intervention research.

Keywords job design      job crafting      intervention     
ZTFLH:  B849:C93  
Corresponding Authors: Changjiang XU     E-mail:
Online First Date: 02 July 2018    Issue Date: 02 July 2018
E-mail this article
E-mail Alert
Articles by authors
Changjiang XU
Cite this article:   
Changjiang XU,Shi CHEN. The interventions of job crafting: A cultivation of employees’ work initiative[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2018, 26(8): 1501-1510.
URL:     OR
1 姚琦, 乐国安 . ( 2009). 动机理论的新发展: 调节定向理论. 心理科学进展, 17( 6), 1264-1273.
2 尹奎, 孙健敏, 徐贯英 . ( 2016). 工作重塑对工作投入的影响: 基于优势比较分析方法. 商业经济与管理, ( 8), 24-33.
3 张春雨, 韦嘉, 陈谢平, 张进辅 . ( 2012). 工作设计的新视角: 员工的工作重塑. 心理科学进展, 20( 8), 1305-1313.
4 赵小云, 郭成 . ( 2014). 工作重塑: 获得意义性工作及个人成长的新途径. 心理科学, 37( 1), 190-196.
5 Bakker A. B., Tims M., & Derks D . ( 2012). Proactive personality and job performance: The role of job crafting and work engagement. Human Relations, 65( 10), 1359-1378.
6 Bandura, A . ( 1989). Human agency in social cognitive theory. The American Psychologist, 44( 9), 1175-1184.
7 Bandura, A . ( 1991). Social cognitive theory of self- regulation. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 50( 2), 248-287.
8 Bell, C., & Njoli, N . ( 2016). The role of big five factors on predicting job crafting propensities amongst administrative employees in a South African tertiary institution. SA Journal of Human Resource Management, 14( 1), a702.
9 Berg J. M., Dutton J. E., Wrzesniewski A., & Baker W. E. ( 2008. Job crafting exercise. University of Michigan: Center for Positive Organizational Scholarship. Retrieved July 3, 2017, from
url: wp-content/uploads/Job-Crafting-Exercise-Teaching-Note-Aug-101.pdf
10 Berg J. M., Dutton J. E., & Wrzesniewski A . ( 2013). Job crafting and meaningful work. In B. J. Dik, Z. S. Byrne, & M. F. Steger (Eds.), Purpose and meaning in the workplace ( pp. 81-104). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
11 Bipp, T., & Demerouti, E . ( 2015). Which employees craft their jobs and how? Basic dimensions of personality and employees' job crafting behaviour. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 88( 4), 631-655.
12 Bruning, P. F., & Campion, M. A . ( 2017). A role-resource approach-avoidance model of job crafting: A multi-method integration and extension of job crafting theory. Academy of Management Journal. doi: 10.5465/amj.2015.0604
doi: 10.5465/amj.2015.0604
13 Demerouti, E . ( 2014). Design your own job through job crafting. European Psychologist, 19( 4), 237-247.
14 Fruwert, R. M . ( 2014). How can researchers cope with the academic competition? -Testing a job crafting intervention (Unpublished doctorial dissertation). University of Amsterdam.
15 Ghitulescu, B. E . ( 2007). Shaping tasks and relationships at work: Examining the antecedents and consequences of employee job crafting (Unpublished doctorial dissertation). University of Pittsburgh.
16 Higgins, E. T . ( 1997). Beyond pleasure and pain. American Psychologist, 52, 1280-1300.
17 Kehr F., Bauer G. F., Jenny G. J., & Güntert S. T . ( 2014). Enhancing health and productivity at work: Towards an evaluation model for job crafting information systems. Proceedings of the 22nd European Conference on Information Systems (ECIS), Tel Aviv, Israel.
18 Kehr F., Bauer G. F., Jenny G. J., Güntert S. T., & Kowatsch T . ( 2013). Towards a design model for job crafting information systems promoting individual health, productivity and organizational performance. Proceedings of the Pre-ICIS 2013, SIG-Organizational Systems Research Association (OSRA) Workshop, Milan, Italy.
19 Le Blanc P. M., Demerouti E., & Bakker A. B . ( 2017). How can I shape my job to suit me better? Job crafting for sustainable employees and organizations. In N. Chmiel, F. Fraccaroli, & M. Sverke (Eds.), An introduction to work and organizational psychology: An international perspective( 3rd ed., pp. 48-63). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
20 Lichtenthaler, P. W., & Fischbach, A . ( 2016 a). Promotion- and prevention-focused job crafting: A theoretical extension and meta-analytical test of the job demands- resources job crafting model. Paper presented at the 76th Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management, Anaheim, CA.
21 Lichtenthaler, P. W., & Fischbach, A . ( 2016 b). The conceptualization and measurement of job crafting: Validation of a German version of the job crafting scale. Zeitschrift für Arbeits- und Organisationspsychologie, 60( 4), 173-186.
22 Lu C. Q., Wang H. J., Lu J. J., Du D. Y., & Bakker A. B . ( 2014). Does work engagement increase person-job fit? The role of job crafting and job insecurity. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 84( 2), 142-152.
23 Lyons, P . ( 2008). The crafting of jobs and individual differences. Journal of Business and Psychology, 23( 1-2), 25-36.
24 Niessen C., Weseler D., & Kostova P . ( 2016). When and why do individuals craft their jobs? The role of individual motivation and work characteristics for job crafting. Human Relations, 69( 6), 1287-1313.
25 Noar S. M., Benac C. N., & Harris M. S . ( 2007). Does tailoring matter? Meta-analytic review of tailored print health behavior change interventions. Psychological Bulletin, 133( 4), 673-693.
26 Parker S. K., Bindl U. K., & Strauss K . ( 2010). Making things happen: A model of proactive motivation. Journal of Management, 36( 4), 827-856.
27 Petrou, P., & Demerouti, E . ( 2015). Trait-level and week-level regulatory focus as a motivation to craft a job. Career Development International, 20( 2), 102-118.
28 Petrou P., Demerouti E., & Schaufeli W. B . ( 2016). Crafting the change: The role of employee job crafting behaviors for successful organizational change. Journal of Management. doi: 10.1177/0149206315624961
doi: 10.1177/0149206315624961
29 Posner, G. J . ( 1989). Field experience: Methods of reflective teaching. White Plains, NY: Longman, Inc.
30 Sakuraya A., Shimazu A., Imamura K., Namba K., & Kawakami N . ( 2016). Effects of a job crafting intervention program on work engagement among Japanese employees: A pretest-posttest study. BMC Psychology, 4( 1), 49.
31 Slemp G. R., Kern M. L., & Vella-Brodrick D. A . ( 2015). Workplace well-being: The role of job crafting and autonomy support. Psychology of Well-Being, 5, 7.
32 Tims, M., & Bakker, A. B . ( 2010). Job crafting: Towards a new model of individual job redesign. SA Journal of Industrial Psychology, 36( 2), 1-9.
33 Tims M., Bakker A. B., & Derks D . ( 2012). Development and validation of the job crafting scale. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 80( 1), 173-186.
34 Tims M., Bakker A. B., Derks D., & van Rhenen W . ( 2013). Job crafting at the team and individual level: Implications for work engagement and performance. Group & Organization Management, 38( 4), 427-454.
35 Tims M., Derks D., & Bakker A. B . ( 2016). Job crafting and its relationships with person-job fit and meaningfulness: A three-wave study. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 92, 44-53.
36 Vandelanotte C., de Bourdeaudhuij I., & Brug J . ( 2007). Two-year follow-up of sequential and simultaneous interactive computer-tailored interventions for increasing physical activity and decreasing fat intake. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 33( 2), 213-219.
37 van den Heuvel M., Demerouti E., & Peeters, M. C. W . ( 2015). The job crafting intervention: Effects on job resources, self-efficacy, and affective well-being. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 88( 3), 511-532.
38 van de Riet, J. J . ( 2015). Leadership and job crafting: Relationships with employability and creativity (Unpublished doctorial dissertation). Eindhoven University of Technology.
39 van Wingerden J., Bakker A. B., & Derks D . ( 2016). A test of a job demands-resources intervention. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 31( 3), 686-701.
40 van Wingerden J., Bakker A. B., & Derks D . ( 2017 a). Fostering employee well-being via a job crafting intervention. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 100, 164-174.
41 van Wingerden J., Bakker A. B., & Derks D . ( 2017 b). The longitudinal impact of a job crafting intervention. European Journal of Work & Organizational Psychology, 26( 1), 107-119.
42 Vogt K., Hakanen J. J., Brauchli R., Jenny G. J., & Bauer G. F . ( 2016). The consequences of job crafting: A three-wave study. European Journal of Work & Organizational Psychology, 25( 3), 353-362.
43 Weseler, D., & Niessen, C . ( 2016). How job crafting relates to task performance. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 31( 3), 672-685.
44 Wrzesniewski, A., & Dutton, J. E . ( 2001). Crafting a job: Revisioning employees as active crafters of their work. Academy of Management Review, 26( 2), 179-201.
45 Wrzesniewski A., LoBuglio N., Dutton J. E., & Berg J. M . ( 2013). Job crafting and cultivating positive meaning and identity in work. In A. B. Bakker (Ed.), Advances in positive organizational psychology( pp. 281-302). West Yorkshire, UK: Emerald Group.
[1] Wenjie DUAN, Yu FENG. Weight stigma: Discrimination and bias against obesity[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2018, 26(6): 1074-1082.
[2] Xiaotian SHENG,Zihan LIU,Xichao ZHANG,Heng GUO,Shu DA,Shiyi ZHOU. Sleep and work: The interactive mechanism[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2018, 26(10): 1844-1856.
[3] Wenjie DUAN,He BU. Positive psychology interventions: Are they selling old wine in a new bottle?[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2018, 26(10): 1831-1843.
[4] TIAN Xizhou, LIU Meiling.  Individual strengths-based job crafting[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2017, 25(9): 1579-1596.
[5] PAN Dong-ni, LI Xue-bing.  Working memory training in mental disorders[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2017, 25(9): 1527-1543.
[6] CHEN Xiao, ZHOU Hui, WANG Yu Yin.  To be a mindful parent: Theories, mechanisms and interventions of mindful parenting[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2017, 25(6): 989-1002.
[7] WANG Tong; YANG Qing; HUANG Xiting. The double-edged effect and mechanism of episodic future thinking on goal attainment[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2017, 25(5): 846-856.
[8] YAN Yu; LI Jiali. Beyond incivility in the workplace: Using civility interventions to proactively deescalate workplace incivility[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2017, 25(2): 319-330.
[9] CHEN Mingrui; ZHOU Ping. Ecological momentary assessment and intervention of substance use[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2017, 25(2): 247-252.
[10] SHENG Yuanyuan, LIU Huijun, HE Xingu.  Clinical practice of mindfulness-based interventions in cancer recovery[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2017, 25(12): 2124-2135.
[11] YANG Ling, MA Xue, CAO Hua, SU BoBo, XU Jing, CAI YuTong.  The injury, reversibility and intervention strategies of inhibitory control for methamphetamine users[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2017, 25(10): 1769-1779.
[12] LI Tao; XU Zhenxing; FENG Fei. Children’s social adjustment in intimate partner violence and its intervention[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2016, 24(9): 1448-1456.
[13] CHANG Xin; LIU Yuting; WANG Pei; ZHANG Jiawei. The effects of music interventions onverbal expression in children with autism[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2016, 24(9): 1391-1397.
[14] JIANG Jiang; ZENG Taoran; YANG Qiyue; YU Fangjing. The antecedents, measures and interventions of adolescents’ materialism[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2016, 24(8): 1266-1278.
[15] WANG Ming; JIANG Guangrong. Emotional disorders and their interventions: #br# A perspective of mental imagery[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2016, 24(4): 573-590.
Full text



Copyright © Advances in Psychological Science
Support by Beijing Magtech