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Advances in Psychological Science    2017, Vol. 25 Issue (9) : 1544-1551     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2017.01544
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 Proactive personality: Mechanisms and future directions
 ZHANG Ying; YANG Fu
 (School of Business Administration, Southwestern University of Finance and Economics, Chengdu 611130, China)
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Abstract   Proactive personality, a special trait, refers to a disposition toward taking personal initiatives to influence one’s environment. Employees with high proactive personality are more likely to identify and seek opportunities, and stick to their goals. By systematically reviewing and integrating the existing literature on proactive personality, this study summarizes proactive personality’s origin and concept, measurements, consequences, mediating mechanisms and moderating mechanisms, and the moderating effects of Chinese indigenous culture. We identify the trends of future research and point out that future research should focus on improving concept, developing new measurement that fits to cultural and economic background, and expanding research levels and consequences.
Keywords  proactive      proactive personality      mediating mechanisms      moderating mechanisms      Chinese organizational context     
ZTFLH:     
  B848  
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Corresponding Authors: YANG Fu, E-mail: yfu@swufe.edu.cn      E-mail: E-mail: yfu@swufe.edu.cn
Issue Date: 14 July 2017
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ZHANG Ying
YANG Fu
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ZHANG Ying,YANG Fu.  Proactive personality: Mechanisms and future directions[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2017, 25(9): 1544-1551.
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http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2017.01544     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/Y2017/V25/I9/1544
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