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Advances in Psychological Science    2017, Vol. 25 Issue (5) : 837-845     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2017.00837
Regular Articles |
The interaction between temperament and parenting on children’s social adjustment: Major theories and evidence
XIA Min; LIANG Zongbao; ZHANG Guangzhen; DENG Huihua
(Key Laboratory of Child Development and Learning Science of Ministry of Education /Institute of Child Development and Education, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China)
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Abstract  

Goodness of fit model, diathesis-stress model and differential susceptibility model explain the interaction of temperament-parenting on children’s social adjustment from different perspectives. Goodness of fit model emphasizes that well-matched of temperament traits and parenting practices could promote children’s social adjustment, while ill-matched parenting leads to adjustment problems. Diathesis-stress model emphasizes that children with risk temperature traits are more prone to negative parenting, while resilient children do not develop maladjustment problems as a result of negative parenting. Differential susceptibility model suggests that children perform better under the condition of positive parenting and perform worse under negative parenting. Based on three major theories and empirical findings, this article analyzes and summarizes latest empirical results, and further elaborates on the risk factors and protective factors in children’s socialization. Future research should focus on the interaction between temperament and positive parenting, the differentiation of parental roles, and the dynamic interaction between temperament and parenting.

Keywords child temperament      parenting      social adjustment      interaction      theoretical model     
Corresponding Authors: LIANG Zongbao, E-mail: lzb@seu.edu.cn   
Issue Date: 15 May 2017
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XIA Min
LIANG Zongbao
ZHANG Guangzhen
DENG Huihua
Cite this article:   
XIA Min,LIANG Zongbao,ZHANG Guangzhen, et al. The interaction between temperament and parenting on children’s social adjustment: Major theories and evidence[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2017, 25(5): 837-845.
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http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2017.00837     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/Y2017/V25/I5/837
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