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Advances in Psychological Science    2017, Vol. 25 Issue (2) : 319-330     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2017.00319
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Beyond incivility in the workplace: Using civility interventions to proactively deescalate workplace incivility
YAN Yu; LI Jiali
(Department of Psychology, School of Philosophy, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China)
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Abstract  

Workplace incivility not only has adverse impact on employees, it may also lead to an escalation where one act of incivility can provoke more serious responses from the targets. Such situations could result in extreme forms of negative interpersonal interactions and the development of an organizational climate of general workplace disrespect. On the contrary, civility can enhance the harmony of interpersonal relationship and has positive impacts on employees. Based the findings of the escalating effect of workplace incivility from current literature, this paper describes multiple paths and causes of the workplace incivility escalation from the perspectives of targets and observers of incivility. Moreover, employing cognitive appraisal theory of emotion, we develop a model on how incivility becomes to escalate through appraisal and emotion, as well as the factors involving in this process. Furthermore, to promote the transformation of workplace incivility into civility, we review the previous studies of the CREW interventions of workplace civility and further analyze the positive influence of civility both on individual and organizational effectiveness and wellbeing.

Keywords workplace incivility      escalation      civility      CREW intervention     
Corresponding Authors: YAN Yu, E-mail: yanyu@whu.edu.cn   
Issue Date: 15 February 2017
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YAN Yu
LI Jiali
Cite this article:   
YAN Yu,LI Jiali. Beyond incivility in the workplace: Using civility interventions to proactively deescalate workplace incivility[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2017, 25(2): 319-330.
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http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2017.00319     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/Y2017/V25/I2/319
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[3] MAO Chang-Guo;SUN Jian-Min. Workplace Incivility: Research Front and Future Directions[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2012, 20(9): 1487-1494.
[4] LI Rui;LING Wen-Quan;FANG Li-Luo. Escalation of Commitment and Its Psychological Mechanisms[J]. , 2008, 16(05): 767-778.
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