Please wait a minute...
Advances in Psychological Science    2016, Vol. 24 Issue (10) : 1519-1533     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2016.01519
Conceptual Framework |
The distributed semantic representation and activation processes of the implicit and explicit stereotypes: An examination based on the perspective of cognitive neuroscience
JIA Lei1; ZHU Shurong1; ZHANG Changjie1; ZHANG Qinglin2
(1 Department of Psychology, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou 310023, China); (2 Faculty of Psychology, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China)
Download: PDF(3041 KB)  
Export: BibTeX | EndNote | Reference Manager | ProCite | RefWorks    
Abstract  

Stereotype refers to social beliefs about the characteristics, attributes, and behaviors of certain groups, which is usually represented as semantic schema in long-term memory. According to the different levels of involvement of consciousness in the process of semantic activation, stereotypes can be classified as implicit and explicit types. Instead of drawing on the conventional “automatic activation-controlled inhibition” research perspective of the Dual-process model, this study aimed to examine the differences in representation and the mechanism of activation between the implicit and explicit stereotypes based on the Multiple Memory Systems (MMS) Model. As a classical theory of memory, the MMS model could account for the differences of memory storage and retrieval process between the implicit and explicit stereotypes, but encounters difficulty in explaining their traits in semantic representation, as well as their control- inhibition processes. Given this research gap, the current study intended to take advantage of the respective strengths of Mirror-Mentalizing System Model and the Dual-process Model in explaining the processing of traits and beliefs and the control-inhibition of stereotypes. By using the EEG/ERPs method and the dynamic causal modeling of fMRI, this study would propose a model for the dynamic processing of distributed semantic activation of stereotypes.

Keywords stereotype      implicit social cognition      Multiple Memory Systems Model      Dual-process Model      Mirror-Mentalizing System Model     
Corresponding Authors: ZHANG Changjie, E-mail: jk@zjut.edu.cn ZHANG Qinglin, E-mail: zhangql@swu.edu.cn    
Issue Date: 15 October 2016
Service
E-mail this article
E-mail Alert
RSS
Articles by authors
JIA Lei
ZHU Shurong
ZHANG Changjie
ZHANG Qinglin
Cite this article:   
JIA Lei,ZHU Shurong,ZHANG Changjie, et al. The distributed semantic representation and activation processes of the implicit and explicit stereotypes: An examination based on the perspective of cognitive neuroscience[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2016, 24(10): 1519-1533.
URL:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2016.01519     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/Y2016/V24/I10/1519
[1] LI Aimei; TAN Lei; SUN Hailong; Xiong Guanxing; Pan Jiyang. The effect of sleep deprivation on risky choice: A dual-process models approach[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2016, 24(5): 804-814.
[2] LI Zhanxing; ZHU Liqi. Children's judgment of ownership based on different cues and its cultural difference[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2016, 24(12): 1889-1896.
[3] YANG Wenqi; JIN Shenghua; HE Surina; ZHANG Xiaoxue; FAN Qian. Dehumanization: Theoretical Comparison and Application[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2015, 23(7): 1267-1279.
[4] JIANG Yan-Ling; YANG Hong-Sheng. Intentions Behind Language: The Linguistic Inter-group Bias[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2015, 23(12): 2142-2152.
[5] YANG Ziyan; LIU Yunzhi; YU Zhenkun; CAI Huajian. Applications of Implicit Association Test[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2015, 23(11): 1966-1980.
[6] HE Wen;SUN Yawen;LUO Junlong. Meta-stereotype and Its Impacts on Intergroup Relations[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2014, 22(8): 1294-1302.
[7] ZHAO Guangping;GUO Xiuyan. The New Evidence for Dissociations between Familiarity and Recollection[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2014, 22(7): 1122-1128.
[8] XU Tongjie;WEN Fangfang;FU Dongqin;ZUO Bin;XIAO Renfei. Linguistic Bias and Its Influencing Factors in Interpersonal Communication[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2014, 22(7): 1188-1197.
[9] DAI Taotao;ZUO Bin;WEN Fangfang. The Compensation Effect between Warmth and Competence in Social Cognition[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2014, 22(3): 502-511.
[10] HE Qingli;YU Lin;MA Jianling. Review and Prospect of Aging Stereotype[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2013, 21(3): 495-505.
[11] Yueh-Ting Lee;Lee Jussim;Clark R. McCauley. Stereotypes as Categories of Knowledge: Complexity, Validity, Usefulness, and Essence in Perceptions of Group Differences*[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2013, 21(1): 1-21.
[12] GAO Cheng-Hai;HOU Ling;LV Chao;WAN Ming-Gang. Implicit Theories and Group Relation[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2012, 20(8): 1180-1188.
[13] GAO Bing. A Review of Study on Stereotype Threat Effect[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2012, 20(8): 1201-1206.
[14] JIANG Zhao-Ping;ZHOU Zong-Kui. Characters, Mechanism, and Intervenes of Ageism[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2012, 20(10): 1642-1650.
[15] LEI Ming;DAI Yan;XIAO Xiao;ZENG Can;ZHANG Qing-Lin. The Mechanism of Resilience: Evidence from Trait-Resilient Individual[J]. , 2011, 19(6): 874-882.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
Copyright © Advances in Psychological Science
Support by Beijing Magtech