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Advances in Psychological Science    2016, Vol. 24 Issue (8) : 1309-1318     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2016.01309
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The influencing factors of individualism/collectivism: A perspective of ecology
XU Jiang1,2; REN Xiaopeng1; SU Hong1,2
(1 Key Laboratory of Behavior Science, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China) (2 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China)
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Cultural construct of individualism/collectivism is particularly relevant cultural dimension. The value orientations of individualism and collectivism are poles apart. Individualism focuses on the self-distinctiveness, while collectivism focuses on the interpersonal relationships. So far many new theories have been proposed in order to explain the factors that influenced individualism/collectivism. There are four representative theories among those: modernization theory, pathogen prevalence theory, rice theory and climate - economic theory. The latter three theories are relatively new theories put forward in recent years, and they discuss the causes of individualism/collectivism from the perspective of distal factor. They provide a new way of thinking for researchers investigating the origins of individualism/collectivism. Future research should integrate different approaches to measure individualism/collectivism and/ or explore the influence factors of individualism/collectivism from the gene’s perspective.

Keywords Key Words      individualism/collectivism      modernization theory      pathogen prevalence theory      rice theory      climate-economic theory     
Corresponding Authors: REN Xiaopeng, E-mail:   
Issue Date: 15 August 2016
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XU Jiang,REN Xiaopeng,SU Hong. The influencing factors of individualism/collectivism: A perspective of ecology[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2016, 24(8): 1309-1318.
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