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Advances in Psychological Science    2016, Vol. 24 Issue (8) : 1237-1245     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2016.01237
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The adolescent substance addiction based on the gateway theory
YANG Ling; CAO Hua; GENG YinFeng; XU Jing ; ZHANG Yan; SU BoBo
(School of Psychology, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou 730070, China)
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There is considerably concern regarding adolescent addiction behavior and numerous research have investigated the mechanism underlying substance abuse. The “Gateway theory” proposes that the development of addiction in adolescents can be defined as model of sequential stages of involvement in drugs which begin with legal drugs and proceeds to other illicit drugs. The concept of progression in drug use has been supported by empirical research. On the basis of previous research, this review found that although evidence support the developmental processes of drug use suggested by the Gateway theory, there are some uncertainties, for example, unstable sequences of progression across classes of drugs, the limitation of explanation scope, lack of integration between underlying mechanism and various influencing factors. Future research need to investigate the internal mechanism of the sequence effect with a wide range of sample and classes of drugs.

Keywords The Gateway theory      adolescent      substance addiction     
Corresponding Authors: YANG Ling:E-mail:yang   
Issue Date: 15 August 2016
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YANG Ling,CAO Hua,GENG YinFeng, et al. The adolescent substance addiction based on the gateway theory[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2016, 24(8): 1237-1245.
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